Python is a dynamic, high-level language. Its design focuses on clear syntax, an intuitive approach to object-oriented programming, and making the right way to do things obvious. Python supports modules, exceptions, had an extensive standard module library. Python can also be embedded in other ...

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2
votes
1answer
40 views

Is there a standard project metadata / dependency file for Python?

In my Node.JS projects, I save my project metadata into package.json: dependencies, version number, author, description, and so on. This makes it so anyone can clone my project and run npm install to ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Persist data downloaded by Celery workers

I'm working in a tool that downloads tweets from Twitter to process them later. For this purpose I'm using Celery with RabbitMQ, sending task with the keywords that must be tracked by the workers. My ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Improve communication between controller and trackers in a Twitter fetcher tool using RabbitMQ or Apache Flume

I've been working for a time with some researches developing a tool to fetch tweets from Twitter and process them in some way. The first prototype "worked" but became a pain as we used sockets to ...
2
votes
3answers
346 views

Multiple users using the same script for their websites

I'm working on a project, I have a question regarding the architecture: Say I have a many python scripts on my server and there's main.py which contains all the classes. And there's a script called ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Should I have all models done before I syncdb?

I'm not sure if I want to add more attributes to my models or create another model. I've coded up to the point where I need to syncdb to start using some data in the site, but I'm hesitant to do it. ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Is there a standard practice on making a modular Python script?

I wrote a Python script for PIA here: pia-auto-login.py However, I need to make it more modular so that it does the OpenVPN changes from this script. Then I want to create two more packages (at ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Using a bytearray rather than a string to store password in memory

Using a bytearray datatype to store a password (in memory) has an advantage over using a string datatype for a password in that a bytearray is mutable and can be overwritten with 0x00 values when the ...
0
votes
1answer
456 views

Facing MemoryError in Python

I wrote a program to find prime factors of a number. When I give a large number(600851475143) as input, MemoryError pops up. Below is the code: def fact(a): factors = [] for i in ...
8
votes
4answers
350 views

why empty function are needed

I started learning python and I am wondering why empty function are needed in a programming language e.g. in python: def empty_func(): pass even in shell scripts empty function empty functions ...
105
votes
15answers
16k views

Is it always a best practice to write a function for anything that needs to repeat twice?

For myself, I can't wait to write a function when I need to do something more than twice. But when it comes to the things that only appear twice, it's a bit more tricky. For code that needs more than ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Repeating groups of arguments with argparse

Let's say that I want to enter info about multiple users from the command line AND that each user has multiple data associated with it. Is it possible (syntactically permissible) to use argparse to ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

How would a modern website like Reddit divide up its website into Django apps? [closed]

Django uses apps to divide projects into manageable and reusable chunks. All examples in tutorials use polls or articles in unrelatable circumstances. In a modern example like Reddit (or even Amazon ...
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

Send Emails Via APIs or Code?

I am Using SendGrid to Send Emails to my Users. There are two ways to send emails via SendGrid. 1 - Via APIs 2 - Via Program/Code I want to know which one is More Secure and efficient way. I am ...
0
votes
4answers
264 views

Identifying user of a webapp

For a small webapp I want to be able to identify a user. The issue is, if the user cheats in some manner, I want to be able to forbid him the usage of my application. I already have done extensive ...
7
votes
2answers
601 views

How to efficiently store big time series data?

I need to store and to be able to query some very large amounts time series data. Properties of the data are as follows: number of series : around 12.000 (twelve thousand) number of data points, ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Splitting single Class into multiple Classes

I am writing automated test scripts with Selenium Webdriver (Python) and I try to follow the correct programming practices, specifically the Object Oriented methodologies, where possible. At the ...
1
vote
0answers
445 views

Best practices to parse a log file using Python

I'm writing a Python tool to parse a log file from game server. The log file is of format: ms:classname::id::method::arg1::arg2.... There are a lot of classes, and a lot of methods for each class, ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Why does this code work? [closed]

I'm taking Udacity's Intro to Computer Science course and one of the quizzes had me create a function that takes in two dates and checks whether the first date is before the second. I first wrote the ...
6
votes
2answers
217 views

Version control for code that contains student exercises

I have a fairly substantial Python project that I have developed as an educational endeavor. The version of the code that shall be given to students has exercises throughout, in the form of code that ...
1
vote
3answers
85 views

Using higher order functions to apply m out of M filter's and then transform data of size n?

Total no: of filters possible is M . User can select m filters where m <= M . A typical example is files from a folder , he could say modified between so and so date , start with so and so and so ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Python - Flask controller structure

This is my first python application (I have some experience in Java/groovy-grails), and therefore I am not confident of the application structure I should be following. My application has two ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Does dynamically generating classes in python affect readability/performance?

I have a set of classes that represent different objects (tables in a database): class ObjA: # some class specific attributes and methods def refresh(self): # implementation ...
3
votes
3answers
655 views

How to use multiple programming languages together in the same program? [closed]

Such a simple question, but I have not found a reasonable answer to this. I currently program in Python, an interpreted language. I always hear of people using multiple languages in the same program? ...
1
vote
1answer
284 views

From which point does it become dangerous to keep going as the sole developer on a project? [duplicate]

I'm working at a company where the management wants to capitalise on consulting experience to offer quality software to their (already existing) customers, and expand from that to become one day ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

How early does a hashable type need to become immutable?

Suppose I have a class that looks vaguely like this: class Foo(object): _value = None # XXX: see below def __init__(self, value): self._value = value @property def ...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

How do I deal with imported modules in GPL?

I wish to release a non-commercial python application under GPL3 in both source and (PyInstaller) executable form. I'm struggling to find a consistent answer to the problem of imported modules. Can I ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

How should I represent composeable, associative computations to be repeatedly applied to units of data?

Spoiler My question is the following: Are there any design patterns for representing chainable functions that are for the problem described below? High-Level Decription of the Process I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

Is it ok to access private members while doing same class comparison?

I am writing a class which basically is a wrapper around a dictionary with some extra functionality. This dictionary is stored as protected member _store. Now I am writing a __eq__ method to compare ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Why do objects created with no assignment not generate a syntax error in Python?

While working on a Python project, I realized that during my editing I had left a string floating around in the middle of my code and it didn't generate an error. For example, these few lines execute ...
-1
votes
1answer
126 views

Python recipe question: Use of **kwds instead of specific named argument in itertools recipe [closed]

The function definition below comes from the itertools recipes page (https://docs.python.org/2/library/itertools.html#recipes). def random_product(*args, **kwds): "Random selection from ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Python Open Source Development

I am looking to contribute to some Python projects on Github, and I am looking for a bit of clarification on the mechanics of doing this effectively. As I understand it, the typical workflow is as ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How can I determine which version of Python introduced a particular module to the std lib? [closed]

Is there a single timeline-style resource available showing the history of the modules available in different versions of Python? I'd like to, for instance, easily determine which version of Python ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

Changing method signature while keeping backwards compatibility

I've inherited an API to maintain. Users can pass a callback function to the class which gets called on some event. The callback function is currently passed in a single argument. I need to change ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What can C++ do that Python cannot? [closed]

I was reading this post: http://www.quora.com/What-are-the-advantages-of-Python-over-C++ And I am wondering the converse of this question: what can C++ do that Python cannot? For example, in the ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Should I use a class as a wrapper?

Lets say I have a class representing a chemical compound class Compound(networkx.Graph): def __init__(self): super(Compound, self).__init__() And lets say that I want to add some ...
3
votes
4answers
287 views

What argument passing mechanism does python use, and where is this officially documented?

As far as I am aware, python is generally referred to as 'call-by-sharing', but does it implement this with call-by-value (like Java) or call-by-reference? or something else? I would appreciate if ...
2
votes
6answers
630 views

Why is python treated as a interpreted language when it has a compiling stage? [closed]

Why is that python is treated as only an interpreted language when there is in fact a compiling stage where the code we write gets converted into byte code(.pyc), which is later interpreted by the ...
6
votes
0answers
137 views

Which languages have the best support for stackful coroutines? [closed]

Various languages support (some flavor of) coroutines. One way to discriminate coroutines is whether they are stackful or not (terminology based on Ana Lucia de Moura; Roberto Ierusalimschy (2004). ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Django Project Logic Solution

I'm starting to develop my first webapp, and I'm using django. Before anything I'm working on the software logic, how it should work, the links and objects it needs. The problem is: I need the app ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

auto update strategy for a software distributed as a tar ball written in python 2.7 targeting mac osx

This is what I have planned as an auto update strategy for a software that is as a tar ball. The application is running as a system daemon which means it have root privilege. App runs on startup ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

how python updates references to variables

For this while loop below. It is clear how the v1,v2,v3 are updated to new data objects based on the equation. But I do not understand how u1,u2,u3 retains the original values of v1,v2,v3.Can someone ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

how to test a generator with unittest?

I have programmed a small iterator in Python: class anything(): def __init__(self): self.i=1 def __iter__(self): return self def next(self): if self.i>100: ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

Naming self or this something else, a good idea?

I'm finding that my code becomes more readable when I make a local reference to this/self, and/or call it something that makes sense in the context. "self" or "this" doesn't really indicate what kind ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Python: Object initialised inside a Class?

Is possible and, if so, common practice to initialize an object inside a class in Python? self.field = Class()
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Every function is a closure?

Wikipedia says, that closure - is a function, which has an access to variables, declared outside of the function. There is even an example: function startAt(x) function incrementBy(y) ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Handling the process of large-scale lists [closed]

What are the efficient ways to process huge lists (+10 millions), and things to consider while manipulating huge lists. First question, when should I use recursion, and when I shouldn't. In both ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

How to handle configuration of Python modules, especially when used standalone and in frameworks like Django

I am trying to package a Python module for pip, following the guide here. One area I would like feedback on is best practices or convention for making my module configurable. The module is a library ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Is this type of data insertion safe and can stop sql injection in Python?

I am learning Database connection from MySQL Connector/Python Developer Guide. This is the code I am using to insert data: conn = mysql.connector.connect(user="user", password="password", ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Why is a python package more perfomant as zip?

I have read the following text in the setuptools documentation: For maximum performance, Python packages are best installed as zip files. ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

How do different technologies connect to form a web stack? [closed]

I am a little confused, is it possible to implement a front end using common languages like html, css and javascript and then do server side processing using a language of your choice, say python or ...