Python is a dynamic, high-level language. Its design focuses on clear syntax, an intuitive approach to object-oriented programming, and making the right way to do things obvious. Python supports modules, exceptions, had an extensive standard module library. Python can also be embedded in other ...

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2
votes
3answers
118 views

How do I deal with imported modules in GPL?

I wish to release a non-commercial python application under GPL3 in both source and (PyInstaller) executable form. I'm struggling to find a consistent answer to the problem of imported modules. Can I ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

How should I represent composeable, associative computations to be repeatedly applied to units of data?

Spoiler My question is the following: Are there any design patterns for representing chainable functions that are for the problem described below? High-Level Decription of the Process I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
98 views

Is it ok to access private members while doing same class comparison?

I am writing a class which basically is a wrapper around a dictionary with some extra functionality. This dictionary is stored as protected member _store. Now I am writing a __eq__ method to compare ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Why do objects created with no assignment not generate a syntax error in Python?

While working on a Python project, I realized that during my editing I had left a string floating around in the middle of my code and it didn't generate an error. For example, these few lines execute ...
-1
votes
1answer
116 views

Python recipe question: Use of **kwds instead of specific named argument in itertools recipe [closed]

The function definition below comes from the itertools recipes page (https://docs.python.org/2/library/itertools.html#recipes). def random_product(*args, **kwds): "Random selection from ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Python Open Source Development

I am looking to contribute to some Python projects on Github, and I am looking for a bit of clarification on the mechanics of doing this effectively. As I understand it, the typical workflow is as ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How can I determine which version of Python introduced a particular module to the std lib? [closed]

Is there a single timeline-style resource available showing the history of the modules available in different versions of Python? I'd like to, for instance, easily determine which version of Python ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Changing method signature while keeping backwards compatibility

I've inherited an API to maintain. Users can pass a callback function to the class which gets called on some event. The callback function is currently passed in a single argument. I need to change ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What can C++ do that Python cannot? [closed]

I was reading this post: http://www.quora.com/What-are-the-advantages-of-Python-over-C++ And I am wondering the converse of this question: what can C++ do that Python cannot? For example, in the ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Should I use a class as a wrapper?

Lets say I have a class representing a chemical compound class Compound(networkx.Graph): def __init__(self): super(Compound, self).__init__() And lets say that I want to add some ...
3
votes
4answers
220 views

What argument passing mechanism does python use, and where is this officially documented?

As far as I am aware, python is generally referred to as 'call-by-sharing', but does it implement this with call-by-value (like Java) or call-by-reference? or something else? I would appreciate if ...
2
votes
6answers
618 views

Why is python treated as a interpreted language when it has a compiling stage? [closed]

Why is that python is treated as only an interpreted language when there is in fact a compiling stage where the code we write gets converted into byte code(.pyc), which is later interpreted by the ...
7
votes
0answers
128 views

Which languages have the best support for stackful coroutines? [closed]

Various languages support (some flavor of) coroutines. One way to discriminate coroutines is whether they are stackful or not (terminology based on Ana Lucia de Moura; Roberto Ierusalimschy (2004). ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Django Project Logic Solution

I'm starting to develop my first webapp, and I'm using django. Before anything I'm working on the software logic, how it should work, the links and objects it needs. The problem is: I need the app ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

auto update strategy for a software distributed as a tar ball written in python 2.7 targeting mac osx

This is what I have planned as an auto update strategy for a software that is as a tar ball. The application is running as a system daemon which means it have root privilege. App runs on startup ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

how python updates references to variables

For this while loop below. It is clear how the v1,v2,v3 are updated to new data objects based on the equation. But I do not understand how u1,u2,u3 retains the original values of v1,v2,v3.Can someone ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

how to test a generator with unittest?

I have programmed a small iterator in Python: class anything(): def __init__(self): self.i=1 def __iter__(self): return self def next(self): if self.i>100: ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Naming self or this something else, a good idea?

I'm finding that my code becomes more readable when I make a local reference to this/self, and/or call it something that makes sense in the context. "self" or "this" doesn't really indicate what kind ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

Python: Object initialised inside a Class?

Is possible and, if so, common practice to initialize an object inside a class in Python? self.field = Class()
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Every function is a closure?

Wikipedia says, that closure - is a function, which has an access to variables, declared outside of the function. There is even an example: function startAt(x) function incrementBy(y) ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Handling the process of large-scale lists [closed]

What are the efficient ways to process huge lists (+10 millions), and things to consider while manipulating huge lists. First question, when should I use recursion, and when I shouldn't. In both ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

How to handle configuration of Python modules, especially when used standalone and in frameworks like Django

I am trying to package a Python module for pip, following the guide here. One area I would like feedback on is best practices or convention for making my module configurable. The module is a library ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Is this type of data insertion safe and can stop sql injection in Python?

I am learning Database connection from MySQL Connector/Python Developer Guide. This is the code I am using to insert data: conn = mysql.connector.connect(user="user", password="password", ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Why is a python package more perfomant as zip?

I have read the following text in the setuptools documentation: For maximum performance, Python packages are best installed as zip files. ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

How do different technologies connect to form a web stack? [closed]

I am a little confused, is it possible to implement a front end using common languages like html, css and javascript and then do server side processing using a language of your choice, say python or ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

The Python module-as-singleton hack

I've seen (and once used) this idiom a few times in Python: # At the end of a module: if __name__ == '__main__': main() # or whatever your entry point looks like, this line isn't important else: ...
1
vote
2answers
351 views

Is it safe to catch ImportError when trying to import optional modules?

I usually see this pattern at least once in every Python project I work on. For example, in a Django project, this is often added at the bottom of the base settings file: try: from .local_settings ...
0
votes
3answers
221 views

Socket Connecting to Large number of IPs

I have a text file of ~600 CIDR notation IP blocks which, when expanded, amount to ~17.5M IP addresses. I need to socket connect to each one. If it connects, I add it to a "live" list, if it returns ...
4
votes
2answers
177 views

In Python, is there any difference (apart from a few listed exceptions) between classes and dictionaries?

My logic goes like this: def A(val): return {'a':val} print(A(7)['a']) is the same as class A: def __init__(self, val): self.a = val print(A(7).a) Obviously, there are problems ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Should I pass in filenames to be opened, or open files?

Suppose I have a function that does things with a text file - for example reads from it and removes the word 'a'. I could either pass it a filename and handle the opening/closing in the function, or ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Print Statements Inside Function Or Before Calling It? [closed]

I have a script which different people may use. I have print statements so people can follow along what the script is doing, and if it breaks where it went wrong, and if a certain step takes a long ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

How should private dependency links be handled in setup.py

At work we use a private pypi server. This pypi server is specified as a dependency link: ... from setuptools import setup config = ConfigParser.ConfigParser() rc = ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

using one database connection across multiple functions in python

whats the best way to go about this in python? I have a number of like so def test1() .... code ..... def test2() .... code ..... def test3() .... code ..... how could I create one ...
0
votes
3answers
122 views

OOP: relying on protected properties in a class-subclass contract

I'm coding in Python, but the question seems independent of programming language. I have a class that represents some system check: class Check: @abstractmethod def run() """ You have to ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

graph implementation in PYthon

I have found the following implementation of a Flow algorithm in Python: class Edge(object): def __init__(self, u, v, w): self.source = u self.sink = v self.capacity = w ...
0
votes
1answer
226 views

Is there a canonical way to cache instance methods in python?

I have some computationally intensive functions in my python script that I would like to cache. I went looking for solutions on stack overflow and found lots of links: ...
-3
votes
1answer
83 views

Understanding searching through dicts in python [closed]

I'm trying to understand the differences between dict, dict.items and dict.iteritems. I know that items returns a list of all the items, while iteritems returns an iterator, which for large lists can ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

No repeated coordinates in random walker ensemble

i'm simulating an ensemble of random walkers in 2D in python, I set [x,y] coordinates of my walkers to be gaussian in a 2D grid, then use a rand array of -1 and +1 to move up down left right: N=20 ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

How much should I break up my unit tests?

I recently learned about unit tests and TDD and have started going back to add unit tests to my code (and thank god, it's proven that some things I've written are much more broken than I thought). ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

Should I couple these classes?

I am programming in Python. I have several complicated/hard-to-understand XML files that describe the structure of an election. I am trying to write a python wrapper that makes it easy to access this ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Transferring information between a web server and a Python backend?

I have been Googling my problem but haven't been able to come up with anything; here's the situation: I have a PHP / MySQL website hosted with 1and1.com. I also have a Python program that runs on a ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Plugins and exporting an API between python scripts

I've got a python script, which should read a subdirectory and make all the scripts within it callable like this: python mainscript.py subscript arguments I've figured out most of the details but ...
1
vote
2answers
254 views

How-To: a browser based, real time, shared memory inspection/debugger application [closed]

Background: I have a C application running under Linux utilizing shared memory. I also have a debugger written in Python that can link to said shared memory and access individual variable values of ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Breaking a table over multiple lines in Sphinx

Lets say I have the following function with a docstring: def foo(*args): """ do some fooness +----------------------------+----------------------------------------------------+ | ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

What exactly is this Python statement doing?

I'm trying to port a very basic dual contouring algorithm written in Python (here) to C++. I'm not a Python programmer so some of the language syntax is a bit foreign to me. Specifically, this block ...
-3
votes
2answers
56 views

How to perform deferred tasks in backend [closed]

Actually the problem is very common. Let me describe this by example. Imagine you have a web service where users register and pay for some gold status. There is expiration date. The question is how to ...
1
vote
4answers
734 views

How to clean up nested try/except/else?

When writing code, I often want to do something like this: try: foo() except FooError: handle_foo() else: try: bar() except BarError: handle_bar() else: ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Seeking Guidance on Thread Safe Scripting

I am trying to write a script that will take multiple paths to files on various servers, search them all simultaneously, and return a single list of results to a user. Initially, I was just using ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Advice on which approach to follow for sandboxing the input in an intentional “vulnerable” web app (sandbox in python) [duplicate]

my question is about which is the best approach/practice on building a "sandbox mechanism" in Python in a web application. The app will provide intentional vulnerable scenarios, and the user has to ...
4
votes
3answers
538 views

How to avoid large function arity / exposure of underlying implementation

Currently reading Clean Code, and the authors seem to imply that any function with an arity greater than 3 should be avoided at all costs. I am unfortunately running into an issue where I am faced ...