Refactoring is a disciplined technique for restructuring an existing body of code, altering its internal structure without changing its external behavior.

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35
votes
8answers
1k views

Code maintenance: keeping a bad pattern when extending new code for being consistent, or not?

I have to extend an existing module of a project. I don't like the way it has been done (lots of anti-pattern involved, like copy/pasted code). I don't want to perform a complete refactor for many ...
5
votes
2answers
482 views

Is it possible to refactor inheritance to composition when virtual methods are called inside the base class?

Let's say I have a class called Country and two subclasses called AI and Player. The Country class has a number of virtual methods to allow player-specific or AI-specific behavior. I want to make it ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Code Inside Catch Block

This question is related to both of these questions - Efficient try / catch block usage? and Dealing with error in data - Idempotent approach. When I encounter a void while reading a GIS data file I ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Refactoring case-when statement [duplicate]

The Product model which can have 2 price tables. The method price calculates the price of the product based on product's price table which is defined by price_table field. class Product < ...
35
votes
7answers
2k views

How to measure the potential value of refactoring

On an old, large project with technical debt how can you reliably estimate or measure the benefit of refactoring code? For example, say you have some components within a software stack solution ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

Refactoring long methods with a lot of cyclomatic complexity

I'm attempting to refactor what is becoming a very large method -- currently 350 or so lines -- that contains a high degree of cyclomatic complexity. I understand and ascribe to the theories that ...
-2
votes
0answers
64 views

How to improve understanding of the code written by someone? [duplicate]

I'm now working on an iOS (Objective-C based) project which is already developed. Now i need to maintain the whole project. Since i know few basics of iOS programming, now its being difficult for me ...
6
votes
3answers
257 views

How to explain design decisions when refactoring code

I am working on a colleague to refactor the following code, I am trying to turn this into a teaching experience as well. Original Code public class WidgetRepository { public Widget ...
28
votes
11answers
3k views

What factors should influence how I determine when to abandon a small project with a friend? [closed]

I've found myself in a tough spot as of late. Been working on a game with a programming buddy for nearly 8 months now. We both started off as newcomers to programming around August of last year, he is ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Refactoring code with just a few lines different

I have two for loops in a function which look like these: for (int i=0; i < MAX; ++i) { identical_lines identical_lines identical_lines first_for_specific_line identical_lines ...
37
votes
7answers
6k views

Why do people nowadays use factory classes so often? [closed]

I've seen the history of several С#/Java class library projects on GitHub and CodePlex, and it seems like a trend. Why do people nowadays use factory classes so often for almost everything? I.e. We ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

How much refactoring is acceptable? [duplicate]

I am currently in a project where one of my developer colleagues constantly refactors stuff on every ticket he's doing. We are using agile methodologies. I know that refactoring is a good thing to do ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Refactoring C++ [closed]

I know that there are some other questions about C++ refactoring, but none satisfies my needs. I have a background in Java and Python programming, but now I'm approaching C++. I've read (and ...
17
votes
1answer
827 views

How much time should I dedicate to refactoring my code?

I don't know if it's just with me, but when I start refactoring some code I waste a lot time doing that and it never ends. Every time I read the code again, I find something that can be improved, ...
4
votes
4answers
869 views

Is it always a good idea to divide large classes into smaller ones? [duplicate]

I've heard time and time again that in object-oriented programming, you should try to split objects that 'do too much' into multiple classes, to avoid the "God Object" problem. This seems like fine ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

What is the better way of getting different outputs for two very simmilar related workflows

I have a very concrete scenario but I think it would be quite frequent. I'm trying to come up with a solution that it's "better" by better meaning more scalable, reusable and not smelly. I'm working ...
83
votes
15answers
7k views

TDD Red-Green-Refactor and if/how to test methods that become private

as far as I understand it, most people seem to agree that private methods should not be tested directly, but rather through whatever public methods call them. I can see their point, but I have some ...
23
votes
11answers
2k views

Does Refactoring towards Looser Coupling, Smaller Functions, and Separate Classes affect System Performance? (and Should I Care)

In Computer Science field, I have noticed a notable shift in thinking when it comes to programming. The advice as it stands now is write smaller, more testable code refactor existing code into ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Usage of magic strings/numbers [closed]

This is somewhat controversial topic, and I guess there is as many opinions as there are programmers. But for the sake of it, I want to know what are the common practices in business (or in your work ...
2
votes
2answers
152 views

Unit testing and reusing extracted class

Currently I have 3 service classes, they all have a similar pattern, and I need to make a 4th service class which amalgamates the functionality of the other three. Current three classes public class ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Fixing years of bad coding [duplicate]

Last year I got my first job with an I.T. company developing industrial Android applications. Unfortunately, when I got there and started working with the code base I was repeatedly confronted with ...
4
votes
4answers
177 views

Design question concerning proper and practical encapsulation

I have been working on refactoring old code and found a lot of instances of the following type of situation: There is a master object which we call "Application" and there is only one of these. The ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Should I ever reset object state?

I have a series of TextBlocks which are drawn on frames to make a video of a book. I do it when user click on Make Video. User may change the content of some blocks and click again on Make Video. I ...
0
votes
4answers
66 views

What's the best way to handle slightly different exceptions?

My code right now looks something like this: void throw_illegal_part_of_input_exception(char c) {} void throw_invalid_input_length_exception(int position, int length) {} void ...
61
votes
7answers
5k views

How do I take responsibility for my code when colleague makes unnecessary improvements without notice?

One of my teammates is a jack of all trades in our IT shop and I respect his insight. However, sometimes he reviews my code (he's second in command to our team leader, so that's expected) without a ...
6
votes
4answers
205 views

Best way to analyse a large class before refactoring it into smaller classes?

Foreword I'm not looking for a way to refactor a large spaghetti code class, that topic has been covered in other questions. Question I'm looking for techniques to begin to understand a class file ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

Should I always return an error code from C functions?

I have the following code in many places in a large application: if (datastruct.data_ok && cur_time > datastruct.start_time && cur_time < datastruct.end_time) { ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Are there any strong reasons to use DI for sub-classes that are known to be tightly coupled to their parent containers?

I have Product classes for Products A through Z. And each Product class has its own set of product-specific subclasses, which I'd say are tightly coupled to them, like so: //specific product class ...
3
votes
4answers
201 views

How to refactor my project to have less mutable objects? [duplicate]

There seems to be a trend towards immutable objects, and functional programming. I recently got aware about the benefits of immutability. However, I am not very familiar with this style of ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Refactoring: When to add a new class in the project?

When do you feel that you need a new class (maybe when you are developing or after development for refactoring purpose)? Maybe I can start from my existing variables and think how I can reorganize ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Writing code with language features yet to come in mind

In C#6, we will (most likely) have the nameof operator, a very useful operator for the ArgumentNullException pattern: public void M(T x) { if (x == null) { throw new ...
1
vote
4answers
195 views

What is the efficient way to eliminate duplication? Design patterns?

I have a helper class which has a method that perform some checks against a field in a model. I have two models, ModelA and ModelB, they have some similarities but not all. One of them is they both ...
1
vote
2answers
562 views

How can i get around of infinite circle of technology change [duplicate]

I have been in web developement for 6 years. I am facing one big problem and i want to know how can i get rid of it. There are many personal projects like web application which i want o build. As an ...
37
votes
13answers
4k views

What is best practice on ordering parameters in a function?

Sometimes (rarely), it seems that creating a function that takes a decent amount of parameters is the best route. However, when I do, I feel like I'm often choosing the ordering of the parameters at ...
1
vote
0answers
138 views

Unsafe redundancy refactoring in ReSharper 9.0? [closed]

Considering the following scenario: public class A { ... public virtual void Foo() { ... } ... } public class B : A { public void DoSomething() { ... base.Foo(); ... ...
5
votes
2answers
463 views

When to fix something that is “wrong” but works fine

Short version: I wrote some code that is not done "the right way" because, when I wrote it, I didn't know how to do it. Now that I know how to do it "the right way", how do I decide how to fix it? ...
4
votes
1answer
236 views

Derive from a base class but not include a condition in the base class's method

The current code looks like this: public class Details { Public void Populate() { WriteChapterDetails(); } public void WriteChapterDetails() { if ( ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

refactor by inheritance or composition for large class that depend on common state [duplicate]

I have a huge class (>1000 lines), in which all methods depend on a small set of attributes in that class. I can think of 2 quick ways of refactoring. I keep it as a huge object, but split related ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

Classic ASP to Java UI Conversion

My question is based on a business model of a financial services organization that currently is supporting applications that are a hybrid mix of Classic ASP and Java, with some JSP’s already in some ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

How to use OO Design to Refactor a Library with Functions that are specific Product-aware

I have a class that acts as a library of functions for various products. To compute its data, the function currently needs to be aware of all product names. Depending on which product calls the ...
51
votes
11answers
5k views

How do I avoid cascading refactorings?

I've got a project. In this project I wished to refactor it to add a feature, and I refactored the project to add the feature. The problem is that when I was done, it turned out that I needed to make ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Lookup pattern as a way of passing global references

I am looking at some legacy code in java that uses the Service Locator pattern as a way of passing global references as opposed to passing them over and over again through method arguments and I am ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

How are financial organizations planning for the degradation of old programming languages such as COBOL? [closed]

I know that some financial organizations still use "dead" languages such as COBOL. I'm wondering what will happen in the future, when almost no one will program in those languages, and the ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Suggestions on refactoring a poorly written ASP.Net MVC web application [closed]

I have recently "inherited" a project written in ASP.Net MVC which has quite a few issues and I'm looking for suggestions on how to go about refactoring the code. The technical issues found so far ...
6
votes
10answers
1k views

What are the most common ways used to migrate a Delphi application incrementally to .NET?

If you have several million lines of Delphi code and want to incrementally migrate to .NET/C#, what strategy would you use?
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Refactoring: reducing duplication without creating flags

I don't know how to refactor a piece of code that differs from other in the number of conditions checked on an if clause. Let me show you a real world example I'm facing right now. The only ...
3
votes
1answer
775 views

Thoughts on refactoring a generic DAO

I have designed a generic DAO in Java and am having confusion about whether to refactor it to different design or not. PS Don't say to use already existing 3rd person framework. I know there are some ...
1
vote
1answer
448 views

JSP Include: one large bean or bean for each include

I want to refactor a webapp that consists of very distorted JSPs and servlets. Because we can't switch to a web framework easily we have to keep JSPs and Servlets, and now we are in doubt how to ...
1
vote
2answers
195 views

How do I tell my boss that their custom cms is terribly inefficient? [closed]

I started a new job about 2 months ago now with the job title of 'Programmer'. The web dev company I work for had made their own custom CMS and use it for all their sites. Conceptually, the idea is ...
19
votes
9answers
2k views

When to refactor

I've read through most of Fowler's Refactoring book and have refactored many applications in my past big and small. One of the harder things I find to teach is "when" to refactor. I tend to do this ...