Structured Query Language (SQL) is a language for managing data in relational database management systems. This tag is for general SQL programming questions; it is not for Microsoft SQL Server (for this, use the sql-server tag), nor does it refer to specific dialects of SQL on its own.

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2
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3answers
148 views

automatic database fill up in sql script tests

The problem I am working on an application with ~ 1000 tables in a sql server database. I am having a recurring issue with a sql script. The script is used by the consulting team to "clean" some ...
22
votes
3answers
12k views

self referencing tables, good or bad? [closed]

Representing geographical locations within an application, the design of the underlying data model suggests two clear options (or maybe more?). One table with a self referencing parent_id column uk - ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

How do SQL transactions return immediate results?

I am using transactions to do bulk insert/updates. This is my little test loop: $now = date('Y-m-d H:i:s'); for ($i=0; $i<60; $i++) { $db->insert($cfg['ps_manufacturer'], array( ...
8
votes
4answers
31k views

Best practice to query data from MS SQL Server in C Sharp?

What is the best way to query data from a MS SQL Server in C Sharp? I know that it is not good practice to have an SQL query in the code. Is the best way to create a stored procedure and call it ...
1
vote
4answers
465 views

What is the “correct” way to store functions in a database?

Note: Yes, I know that storing functions in databases should be punishable by law. We are developing a financial web application using PostgreSQL, Sinatra and AngularJS. As you may have guessed, a ...
0
votes
3answers
317 views

Why does databases use text? [closed]

This might be a little dumb question but why do we save text in the db instead of something smaller? Couldn't there be some other way to store data in the db like in a compressed form, and then have ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Why do I need to use recursion on the classic employee manager database relationship?

Take the data from the Oracle scott database. I have modified it to have multiple levels of management from the original, select * from scott.emp order by mgr desc; empno ename job ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

What is the problem will happen if I create auto generate ID without using mysql auto increase of mysql table by my self?

I would like to ask you a question about MySQL AUTO_INCREMENT. I already created my own function to generate AUTO_INCREMENT when the user inserts any data input a table in MySQL. This function works ...
6
votes
1answer
382 views

Clean Architecture - How to go from “Database Driven” to “Independent of Database” [closed]

I am looking for some clarity and hopefully some advice on writing clean architecture for a large system. My Companies "Web Solution" is +-10 years old, my job is to rewrite it. It is written across a ...
-1
votes
1answer
83 views

behaviour of SQL BETWEEN operator [closed]

This is kind of philosophical question... Today i spent way too much time to debug a method which was generating a SQL command. I figured out the error was because the code was generating something ...
21
votes
4answers
3k views

Why not just make non-parameterized queries return an error?

SQL injection is a very serious security issue, in large part because it's so easy to get it wrong: the obvious, intuitive way to build a query incorporating user input leaves you vulnerable, and the ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

Automatically adding data from JSON to SQL

I'm really new to this sort of stuff; my background is in C# mainly. Could anyone point me in the right direction? I need to set a script to automatically parse some JSON into an SQL database ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Time attendance module design

I am working on time attendance module and I managed to read the data from the timing machine in the following format: Id CheckIn Type Status 0000142 5/15/2015 6:00 PM 2 OK ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Optimizing instant notifications

Scenario To deliver instant notifications to the client, I'm sending an AJAX request to a PHP page that checks if there are new notifications: if there are, it outputs them, otherwise it sleeps for ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Web framework in pure SQL

I heard that SQL is Turing complete language (for example: http://stackoverflow.com/a/7580013/2604170) I am just curious if would be possible to create independent web framework like Ruby on rails or ...
19
votes
7answers
3k views

Why is filesystem preferred for logs instead of RDBMS?

Question should be clear from its title. For example Apache saves its access and error logs in files instead of RDBMS no matter on how large or small scale it is being utilized. For RDMS we just have ...
9
votes
9answers
4k views

Why don't RDBMSes return joined tables in a nested format?

For example, say I want to fetch a User and all of his phone numbers and email addresses. The phone numbers and emails are stored in separate tables, One user to many phones/emails. I can do this ...
1
vote
0answers
360 views

Why does convention say DB table names should be singular but RESTful resources plural?

It's a pretty established convention that database table names, in SQL at least, should be singular. SELECT * FROM user; See this question and discussion. It's also a pretty established convention ...
2
votes
1answer
358 views

What is the best way to store a formula in a database for a table driven formula? [closed]

So I am changing my code over to a table driven formula system to make it sustainable in the long term. So basically I have 5 foreign keys that will get me to a single formula to use. However I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Partial Update of Database Table

I have a database table with numerous fields including "category". The source of this table is an xml file which the system receiving occasionally. Each xml file contains data for one category. The ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Is it a good practice to write distinct queries in a single stored procedure based on input parameters

I am going through the stored procedures written throughout our project and see that multiple distinct queries are written inside a single stored procedure and are called by passing different values ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Best practices for scope of returned data per stored procedure

I have the following situation: table1 ------------ ID Name Param1 Param2 Param3 RegistrationID 1 Test Value1 Value2 Value3 101 table2 ------------ RegistrationID LangID Value 101 ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

What's the quickest and most maintainable way to implement SQL querying of disparate C++ variables?

I've recently joined a team working on radar observations. The team has access to a repository of software (written in C++) used for dealing with these observations, but their work is focused towards ...
4
votes
10answers
10k views

Is executing SQL through a WebService a really bad idea?

Typically when creating a simple tool or something that has to use a database, I go through the fairly long process of first creating a webservice that connects to a database then creating methods on ...
1
vote
2answers
154 views

Is there a difference between SQL INSERT patterns

SQL inserts are usually documented like so: INSERT TableName (Column1, Column2) VALUES ('Value1', 'Value2') However, in TSQL it's also possible to write the (seemingly) same statement like so: ...
11
votes
4answers
11k views

Database History Table / Tracking Table

Currently I want to structure a tracking/history table like this: PrimaryKey - ID OtherTableId - fk fieldName - name of the field its tracking OldValue NewValue UserName CreateDateTime So ...
152
votes
19answers
54k views

Why is naming a table's Primary Key column “Id” considered bad practice? [closed]

My t-sql teacher told us that naming our PK column "Id" is considered bad practice without any further explanations. Why is naming a table PK column "Id" is considered bad practice?
2
votes
3answers
183 views

At which point using string-based enums can become a real problem?

This is a direct follower to this question. An answer given to that questions says (my understanding), that nowadays using string-based enums instead of integers isn't a much problem, because hosting ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Database is performing slow, even all the tables are having normalization

An interviewer asked me this question: Tables are created with appropriate normalization rules, However the database is performing slow. [Ie.: The select, insert statements are taking time to do ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Adding fields a good use case for EAV? [duplicate]

Is being able to add fields quickly to a system a good use case for EAV? What would be the frequency or number that would justify using an EAV model?
3
votes
6answers
4k views

What is faster? Using REST API or querying a database directly?

What is faster performance wise? Creating a REST API and having your web app use the REST API to do all interactions with your database OR querying your database directly (i.e. using whatever typical ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Knowing when a SQL table is done updating before Querying

I am using a self hosted windows service WEB API as the layer between my Windows 8 App and a SQL Server Database because Windows 8 apps can't directly connect to SQL server like win forms or pretty ...
4
votes
2answers
180 views

Are (basic) SQL queries semantically equivalent to Higher Order Functions?

Is SQL basically a domain specific instance of map + fold + filter? It seems to me that the following SQL: SELECT name FROM fruits WHERE calories < 100 is just syntactic sugar for the ...
3
votes
0answers
359 views

The best way to convert Dynamic SQL to C#/Linq while joining multiple tables

I am trying to find the best way to convert the following dynamic SQL snippet to C# / Linq. The question is complicated by the use of multiple tables within the dynamic SQL. I've examined the ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Status Bar Timetracking Design

I'm currently developing an application in ASP.NET using SQL as the backend database. In my header, I have a status bar that displays the current status of the user and a timer that shows how long ...
33
votes
11answers
3k views

Is there any material difference between queries joined by WHERE clauses, and queries using an actual JOIN?

In Learn SQL the Hard Way (exercise six), the author presents the following query: SELECT pet.id, pet.name, pet.age, pet.dead FROM pet, person_pet, person WHERE pet.id = person_pet.pet_id ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

How to handle rating? [closed]

I want to implement like/dislike system, but I don't know how to achieve best performance. I have to tables: blog posts and comments that need rating. Should I store all data in one rating table? Or ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

One Enum vs Multiple Enums [duplicate]

I am developing an application where a user submits a mission and other users accept the mission. Pretty simple. I want to keep a track of the mission progress status and store it into a database. ...
2
votes
3answers
238 views

Database view performance - good practice?

Often times at work we opt to create views in the database to expose the data that we want to work with instead of building some monster query in our code. Being somewhat new to this field my ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

SQL - Designing a Threshold value table

I need to design an SQL table to be used for "threshold" or special values, which in general would have the following properties: - key - value - comparer (less than and greater than as a start, ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Storing values in SQL whose types are determined in runtime

I have come across a need of storing runtime determined values in a SQL database. For example, there is a GUI where a user can add new editable fields. So the user adds a field Name, chooses the ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

When the result set doesn't matter should Left Join or Inner Join be used

When you have a query where you're joining from a non-null foreign key to the foreign table it doesn't matter if you use LEFT JOIN or INNER JOIN from a result standpoint (since there won't be any ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How deeply programmer should know about internals of database engine? [closed]

I am learning SQL Server 2012 along with C#. In the past, I took database class in college, and have good grasp on SQL language and can write queries. However, looking at SQL Server documentation (or ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Why store flags/enums in a database as strings instead of integers?

I've been browsing SQL dumps of some famous CMSes, including Drupal 7, Wordpress (some quite very old version), and some custom application based on Python. All of these dumps contained data with ...
6
votes
3answers
359 views

Do common relational database systems work 'out of the box'? [closed]

I'm quite new to software development and whenever I come across small projects which involve storing (relational) data I always ask myself if something like a micro-blog (or any other project with ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Using a masterID in sql to merge different item types

I am designing tables in sql for a small ticketing system. One of the demands is that a user/agent can post a ticket to either a department or an agent. Now if I have a child parent table where each ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Do Temporary tables have any form of index in SQL?

Consider a simple query like this: SELECT * FROM DATA JOIN ( SELECT * FROM DATA )TEMPORARY_DATA ON TEMPORARY_DATA.DATA_IDN = DATA.DATA_IDN What is the performance of this? Is it O(n2) because ...
16
votes
5answers
5k views

At what size of data does it become beneficial to move from SQL to NoSQL?

As a relational database programmer (most of the time), I read articles about how relational databases don't scale, and NoSQL solutions such as MongoDB do. As most of the databases I have developed ...
2
votes
2answers
257 views

Implementing “Trending Items” using linear regression in SQL Server

I'm building an MVC .NET website where people can rate and review movies (similar to IMDb). I'm using SQL Server for the back-end. I'll be implementing a feature where the homepage displays trending ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Mental schema for SQL queries [closed]

While preparing SQL introductory material, I've ended asking myself about the line of thought followed by a developer when writing a query. I believe it could be too valuable from a beginner's point ...