Structured Query Language (SQL) is a language for managing data in relational database management systems. This tag is for general SQL programming questions; it is not for Microsoft SQL Server (for this, use the sql-server tag), nor does it refer to specific dialects of SQL on its own.

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33
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10answers
3k views

Is there any material difference between queries joined by WHERE clauses, and queries using an actual JOIN?

In Learn SQL the Hard Way (exercise six), the author presents the following query: SELECT pet.id, pet.name, pet.age, pet.dead FROM pet, person_pet, person WHERE pet.id = person_pet.pet_id ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Merging user activities into one stream with a common representation

My social network website currently has forum threads and posts gallery pictures albums on the users' profiles group discussions classifieds I would like to create one "stream" of activity. It ...
1
vote
2answers
809 views

SQL injection attacks, how do I test and secure coldfusion queries?

I'm running Coldfusion 8 and SQL server 2008. I've been building serveral forms that insert data into the database from external users, we have a custom built security module built by the guy who ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

One of my team members committed SQL injection-vulnerable code; should I report it to the manager? [closed]

One of my team members committed a huge mistake; a clear SQL injection-vulnerability. It obviously didn't pass my peer review and I made very clear that this is unacceptable. I never saw this ...
0
votes
3answers
335 views

Using SQL queries in loops

Is it a bad idea? I need to compare each entry.Key value in a Dictionary of strings to a SQL table. If there is a match, then I pull the data from that row. I was originally going to use a foreach ...
17
votes
6answers
38k views

SQL Triggers and when or when not to use them.

When I was originally learning about SQL I was always told, only use triggers if you really need to and opt to use stored procedures instead if possible. Now unfortunately at the time (a good few ...
-1
votes
2answers
188 views

Storing Dates & Times in SQL [closed]

I have a tool that I am working on which allows people to create meetings. They can select the Date, Time & Timezone that this meeting is occurring in. I need to determine the best way to store ...
4
votes
1answer
341 views

What is the best way to format complex SQL queries in Node?

I am using node-mysql to query a MySQL database via Express and Node. My queries are getting fairly complex and I want to format them across multiple lines. However, the only way I could accomplish ...
0
votes
2answers
807 views

Clients connect to WCF or SQL Server

I was wondering what is the prefered way of accessing data from a server in a client application. The data will be stored on the server in an SQL database and I have previously used the following 2 ...
3
votes
3answers
401 views

What kind of user info is ok to be stored as plain text in SQL Database?

I'm practicing around building e-commerce asp.net applications that allows for users to register to the site and their user credentials are stored in a MySQL database. In my sample project the ...
4
votes
1answer
879 views

How to translate SQL query into REST API requests?

Let's say I have a machine-readable description (such as in WADL, Swagger or RAML) of a REST API that provides interface to a database. My users submit queries about underlying database in form of ...
3
votes
3answers
449 views

ASP.NET MVC should I reference the DAL from the UI?

I am developing an ASP.NET MVC application, and I have three projects: UI (with the system.web.mvc reference, BL and DAL references) BL (business facade and business objects) DAL (contains my ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

Sending a notification to each participant 3 hours before the meeting starts

Let's assume an application that deals with meetings where some users will participate. What is an efficient way to achieve this use case: 3 hours before the meeting should start, one reminder mail ...
10
votes
4answers
914 views

Historical precedent for why Prolog is less popular than SQL in Imperative Programming? [closed]

It seems that writing Declarative SQL is very popular in Imperative Programming. However, it also seems that writing Declarative Prolog could save a lot of complexity but this is not very common. ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Django Project Logic Solution

I'm starting to develop my first webapp, and I'm using django. Before anything I'm working on the software logic, how it should work, the links and objects it needs. The problem is: I need the app ...
4
votes
4answers
523 views

Organise C++ classes around SQL database

My question is about how best to organize C++ classes around a database model, and I understand this may appear very elementary. The software I propose to create will do the following. It is intended ...
2
votes
5answers
225 views

Stored Procedures, ORMs and other application layers

I'm just starting out on a project to develop a new, fairly substantial web application which has an underlying MSSQL database. We're hiring a team of developers to write the application (in .NET) and ...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

An algorithm that spreads similar items across a list

I need an algorithm that distributes same items across a list, so maximizing the distance between occurrences. E.g. I have a list of 15 items: {a,b,c,c,c,d,e,f,f,f,g,h,h,i,j} The algorithm should ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Efficient database access for related data

As an example for this question, consider a content management system that has a content database table which contains things like the page title and location as well as the content itself which could ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Combine union with distinct

Situation: I need distinct results from two tables, that both have duplicates. I would like to know if I should combine UNION and DISTINCT. Example 1 - Only use distinct SELECT DistinctValue FROM ...
1
vote
1answer
279 views

Should ORM data access methods be wrapped or used directly?

We're using an internally-built ORM. Each table is represented by a Model class, which inherits from a base model class that has a handful of methods like GetAll, GetWhere (to get rows with specified ...
13
votes
4answers
9k views

Why is SQL's BETWEEN inclusive rather than half-open?

Semi-open (or Half-Open, Half-Closed, Half-Bounded) intervals ([a,b), where xbelongs to the interval iff a <= x < b) are pretty common on programming, as they have many convenient properties. ...
32
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is most SQL written in YELLING? [duplicate]

On MySQL at least, the following two queries are functionally identical: select * from users limit 0, 1000; SELECT * FROM users LIMIT 0, 1000; However, most example sites and most developers I've ...
10
votes
6answers
4k views

Code formatting SQL queries

Should I break SQL queries in different lines? For example in the project I am working on, we have a query that is taking 1600 columns! 1600 + tab chars. I wrote queries like this: "SELECT bla , ...
-1
votes
1answer
649 views

SQLDatabase: Read a lot of data at once and process in memory or read the data when I need it?

I'm not sure how to approach this problem. I require a big chunk of data records from the SQL server. This chunk is based on variables, so I don't know before what records I need. I need to do a large ...
17
votes
3answers
42k views

Why do we need to put N before strings in Microsoft SQL Server?

I'm learning T-SQL. From the examples I've seen, to insert text in a varchar() cell, I can write just the string to insert, but for nvarchar() cells, every example prefix the strings with the letter ...
15
votes
7answers
718 views

To Domain or not to Domain

The SQL92 and SQL99 standards define CREATE DOMAIN DDL constructs. Not all databases support this, or have a different name for it (SQL Server has User Defined Types, for example). These allow one to ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Custom Domain or Attribute Reference Table or Both?

I'm designing my first real database and I'm weighing the pros and cons of how to enforce uniformity in my data. My first option is to create a custom domain and program my UI to only allow certain ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Database choice [closed]

I am working on a system where I am replacing and existing Cobol system with C#. For the database I have hit some requirement which I am having a hard time to find complete support for (tried SQLite ...
3
votes
3answers
237 views

Is there a 'standard' SQL that can replace all the various custom versions?

I have been writing SQL for over 10 years now. I am extremely proficient at it and have experience working in SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, PostgreSQL, etc. While there are multiple standards out there, ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

Databases: Where should the application logic run? [duplicate]

http://highscalability.com/blog/2010/11/9/facebook-uses-non-stored-procedures-to-update-social-graphs.html talks about how Facebook moved logic out of the database into the application in order to ...
6
votes
7answers
368 views

Logistically, how do you manage embedded SQL?

My current application is running into issues with its ORM, and we're relying on some pretty hairy SQL to express queries that the ORM can't. Are there best practices in terms of how to manage the ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

An algorithm to implement SQL's ORDER BY with TOP/LIMIT or OFFSET/FETCH

Is there a general algorithm to implement SQL's ORDER BY with OFFSET/LIMIT more efficiently than sorting all the records? The algorithm for a simple TOP x is easy enough. It takes one full pass ...
2
votes
0answers
262 views

Separation of concerns between repository and service in DDD with complex entities

This probably seems as an example of opinion-based question, but I'm actually looking for rationale on how to decide correctly, I believe there is a correct solution that can be backed by solid ...
3
votes
2answers
276 views

Does ODBC require any run-time software beyond an .exe file to run against MySQL and ORACLE SQL? [closed]

I'm writing a software [under Windows] in C++ which later needs to be able to connect to both MySQL and ORACLE SQL. Now the software needs to be as simple for the user as possible. Now I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
226 views

Is it a bad practice to keep database schema scripts (DDL) and manipulation (DML) scripts in different modules

we have a project structure like the following "module-shared" module depends on "module-database" module and some other modules depend on "module-shared" but no other module depends on ...
2
votes
3answers
238 views

Managing database schema for a C++ app

I have an open source project (Cockatrice) that uses mysql for the server component. I'm planning some changes to the schema, but right now the only management I have is a script that runs the proper ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Database conceptual Question [duplicate]

When querying in database through PHP, is it good to open mysql connection before every query and close it as the query completes? or should we open the mysql connection as soon as the first query ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Best way to store revision information for quick access to view or revert changes

What I am looking for is the most optimal solution for storing content revisions in an MSSQL database. We have an application that allows users to make changes to small HTML content blocks similar to ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

MongoDB: Replicate data in documents vs. “join”

Disclaimer: This is a question derived from this one. What do you think about the following example of use case? I have a table containing orders. These orders has a lot of related information ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

An algorithm for finding subset matching criteria?

I recently came up with a problem which I would like to share some thoughts about with someone on this forum. This relates to finding a subset. In reality it is more complicated, but I tried to ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

Refactoring a Single Rails Model with large methods & long join queries trying to do everything

I have a working Ruby on Rails Model that I suspect is inefficient, hard to maintain, and full of unnecessary SQL join queries. I want to optimize and refactor this Model (Quiz.rb) to comply with ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

embedding LEFT OUTER JOIN within INNER JOIN

I am having some problems with one of the question's answered in the book "SQL FOR MERE MORTALS". Here is the problem statement Here is the Database Structure Here is the answer which I am ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Best way to organize SQL queries stored in your code ? (or should you?) [closed]

I am sure I am not the only one who gets frustrated when they see a page of code littered with SQL queries. The ActiveRecord and other ORM patterns help mitigate a good amount of SQL used in a ...
4
votes
2answers
386 views

Entity Framework with no direct table access

There are some similar questions I've found here, but none of them fully answer the question I'm asking. Similar questions: here and here In my company, I develop C# .NET applications and our Server ...
-4
votes
1answer
100 views

what data storage method should I use? [closed]

I am currently writing a program and among other things need to store data. The program listens to two computers talking to each other in a known protocol (the program know what protocol it is,the ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Changing an int to be a string in PHP / MySQL Schema

Background I'm trying to decide the best way to manage a change in requirements. Currently when an admin is assigned to a ticket, the ticket header record is given an owner and the ownerID field is ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

What are the advantages to using SQL query builders?

Are there any advantages to using a query builder, rather than using raw SQL? E.g. $q->select('*') ->from('posts') ->innerJoin('terms', 'post_id') ->where(...) vs: SELECT * FROM ...
-1
votes
3answers
337 views

What constitutes a good Database System(Java / SQL related) [closed]

I've given this so much research but still couldn't come to my own conclusion, before continuing this question I would like to give you a rough idea of my current situation. I'm 18 years old and have ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Managing unique data correctly in SQL

Here in Brazil we have a personal identifier called CPF. This identifier has a sequence of 11 digits and is unique for each Brazilian citizen. Possibly in other countries there is something like that ...