Structured Query Language (SQL) is a language for managing data in relational database management systems. This tag is for general SQL programming questions; it is not for Microsoft SQL Server (for this, use the sql-server tag), nor does it refer to specific dialects of SQL on its own.

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1answer
287 views

Is there a purely SQL alternate to looping?

Historically, I probably would have written a script (php or something) to loop through all spreadsheet rows and perform some calculations. I'm looking for a pure SQL solution on the presumption ...
0
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3answers
429 views

Maintaining indices for location in a sorted list in database rows

I have a fairly simple data structure like this: create table project (id int auto increment primary key, name text); create table item (id int auto increment primary key, name text, project_id ...
89
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10answers
19k views

Why is “Select * from table” considered bad practice

Yesterday I was discussing with a "hobby" programmer (I myself am a professional programmer). We came across some of his work, and he said he always queries all columns in his database (even on/in ...
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11answers
17k views

Why is prefixing column names considered bad practice?

According to a popular SO post is it considered a bad practice to prefix table names. At my company every column is prefixed by a table name. This is difficult for me to read. I'm not sure the ...
4
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6answers
2k views

Confusion about proper use of * wildcard in SQL [duplicate]

Suppose I was writing an address book application where the details of each contact were stored in an SQL database. A user wants to know all the details for a person whose name is "Bob [Someone]". ...
0
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4answers
576 views

How to handle or prevent all Admins and users being removed

I have a website that stores all users in a database. A user can log on to the website and if they have sufficient privileges can add/delete users, as well as change their privileges. How do I ensure ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Why doesn't MySQL have an explicit “No Limit” option for queries?

I use SQLyog Community edition and like many other SQL applications out there it puts a 1000 result limit on queries that do not have a limit provided. I am wondering why MySQL doesn't have an ...
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0answers
212 views

What database structure is suitable for tracking File audits?

I need to track permissions and access requests to a file server in a database. I'm given the full path of the folder and am considering parsing the path (splitting on the "/" character) and creating ...
4
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5answers
287 views

Is it bad software design to mix JDBC SQL calls and use an ORM in an application? [closed]

Is it bad software design to have JDBC/raw SQL and also use an ORM? I don't mind using an ORM for boilerplate CRUD, but some queries are better in SQL (for me). I'm not arguing for or against ORMs. ...
6
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2answers
391 views

Slight extension for SQL prepared statements syntax. Need advice

In my database abstraction library I am extending SQL prepared statements syntax to hint a parser with expected literal type. I take it as a very essential improvement, my reasoning you can read here. ...
114
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14answers
23k views

“Never do in code what you can get the SQL server to do well for you” - Is this a recipe for a bad design?

It's an idea I've heard repeated in a handful of places. Some more or less acknowledging that once trying to solve a problem purely in SQL exceeds a certain level of complexity you should indeed be ...
0
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3answers
125 views

SQL string field lengths in a db having about 6 different types of addresses, with about 20 markets and environments

I have been advocating lately that all string fields should be ntext / nvarchar(max) - we're using MS SQL Server. The objections seem to be either "it's not a good idea" (without any reason) or "that ...
0
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1answer
336 views

What happens if computer crashes after giving commit command

If we are updating a field in SQL and ALTER the row also. After giving the COMMIT command, the system is crashed. What will happen to the commands given, whether it will UPDATE and ALTER the table ...
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3answers
191 views

Select custom output formats from database with SQL

I am planning to make a simple rest service application, and I am currently deciding the architecture. I have decided that I want to write the middle layer in multiple languages, so that it is easy to ...
0
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0answers
68 views

Using a single table for identity and metadata

I'm in the early design phase of a project to provide an e-commerce platform that will require several entities to be modelled, products, customers, orders, CMS pages, etc. They will all have a few ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Best way to rename existing unique field names in database?

I have a database table that contains id, filename, userId id is unique identifier filename should also be unique table may contain >10000 records When a user uploads a file it should be ...
1
vote
1answer
393 views

Do software developers write SQL? [closed]

Do software developers write SQL or database developers provide the SQL and the software developers use it? I am a novice to software development. I am just trying to understand the software ...
125
votes
13answers
59k views

Why use a database instead of just saving your data to disk?

Instead of a database I just serialize my data to JSON, saving and loading it to disk when necessary. All the data management is made on the program itself, which is faster AND easier than using SQL ...
2
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2answers
239 views

Use Of Exists clause in SQL

Just finished Stanford lecture on SQL (by Prof. Jennifer Widom). However I have developed a confusion regarding the use of EXISTS clause. I thought it is just like a condition and an expression so ...
3
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3answers
474 views

Is it better to use a switch statement or database to look through 5,000 to 10,000 instances?

I have some JSON data in this format (5,000 instances for now): {"id":"123456","icon":"icon.png","caseName":"name of case"} I am allowing the user to search for the name of the case and then return ...
4
votes
4answers
599 views

Choosing value in SQL query vs (Java) code

I need to choose one of three values of an integer using the value of a column on a nullable column of a table. There are at least two approaches: 1) use SQL to do all the work: test null values, and ...
0
votes
3answers
144 views

High-Level SQL Interoperability

In a server -> client scenario, wouldn't it be simpler and faster to grant a public user access to a Stored Procedure rather than using web services (XML, REST, SOAP, etc) and other interoperable ...
0
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1answer
498 views

How to combine Google Analytics with Relational Database

I have a website with quite a lot of registered users, they are stored in a PostgreSQL database. I also running Google Analytics on the website to track the users. Is there a way to individually ...
0
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4answers
156 views

When to store Date/DateTime?

I'm working on a social network website and I'm not quite sure when I should store the date/datetime. The service includes some of the following events: Register/Login Follow "Like" (images & ...
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votes
1answer
2k views

Why do we still use a programming language instead of using just SQL? [duplicate]

In database managements systems lecture, my professor said that we can use Oracle etc. ui designing tools instead of using Visual C# or etc. He added that SQL is as strong as a programming language. ...
2
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0answers
234 views

Match buyers and sellers based on date ranges and quantity of shares

NOTE: This is in reference to the question I asked on Stack Overflow but was told to post this here I'm building a trading application that matches buyers/sellers that own subscription. Subscriptions ...
48
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11answers
59k views

SQL: empty string vs NULL value

I know this subject is a bit controversial and there are a lot of various articles/opinions floating around the internet. Unfortunatelly, most of them assume the person doesn't know what the ...
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1answer
2k views

Size of database a factor for Hibernate vs JDBC?

Do you know if the size of the database (number of tables used) is a factor when choosing between Hibernate and JDBC? Why or why not? In my particular case, I am evaluating Hibernate and JDBC for ...
3
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5answers
246 views

Violating SQL principles

I have to write a decent size database, 1GB more or less. I have only taken an introductory semester regarding SQL databases. During the course we learned that the relational model under SQL has no ...
-1
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2answers
514 views

Lead developer unable to do INNER JOIN [closed]

I had worked in the past for a small company developing web applications. Back then the current lead developer, who is also one of the bosses, told me that he is incapable of making a JOIN inside a ...
31
votes
7answers
51k views

How do I make complex SQL queries easier to write?

I'm finding it very difficult to write complex SQL queries involving joins across many (at least 3-4) tables and involving several nested conditions. The queries I'm being asked to write are easily ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Can NoSQL databases be used in e-commerce companies for order management?

Is it possible to use a non relational database be in an Order management system for an e-commerce company with a large number of orders everyday, like Amazon? Can the benefits of Non Relational ...
2
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4answers
598 views

How to genericize foreign key references in table?

I am trying to design a table to store references to multiple tables as a "target" of the item in each row. An example should clarify what I am trying to do: Imagine you have 4 tables (images, ...
2
votes
2answers
141 views

SQL Query syntax - formatting?

I'm looking at a very large (5-6 digit LOC), very complex, code-base, full of interacting bulky, interdependent, views and stored procedures (multiple 4-5 digit count silos). The source SQL has been ...
4
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3answers
474 views

How to avoid unmaintainable code when using SQL in an MVC setting?

I want to present a list of products to the user. This list is paginated and can be sorted by the user by product ID or product name in ascending or descending order. I am using an MVC setting, where ...
0
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1answer
811 views

Notify client about changes in database in java

I've been searching around for the answer to this question, but haven't been able to find a solution. I am working on a distributed client-server system that uses TCP. The program's functions is to ...
5
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3answers
480 views

Consequences of “naïve” vs “naive”?

While using IE autocorrect "naive" got transformed to "naïve"! My regional settings are Au English, from a Unicode search point of view the two are nothing alike. I am not even sure whether there are ...
16
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2answers
2k views

Does F# offer anything particularly useful for database-driven web development?

My organization finally upgraded to MS Visual Studio 2010 this year. One of the big new features that Visual Studio 2010 offers is the F# programming language. I understand that F# offers a ...
1
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1answer
131 views

structure problem in Relational DBMS creation

For learning and understanding purpose, I currently want to try to make a small relational DBMS with simple features like (for now) only sequential reading/writing and CREATE TABLE, INSERT, SELECT, ...
0
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1answer
160 views

How to store Status for Reservation table

I have a reservation table (a user fills out a form to request a reservation). It has two parts that need to be confirmed. isReservationAccepted (decline,accept,waiting) and hasReservationBeenSent ...
0
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1answer
623 views

How exactly can I check for new rows in sql with ajax? [closed]

How do certain services, just like google plus and facebook, check for new content without reloading the page? Whenever you are on any of those websites a new notification of a post related content ...
0
votes
1answer
181 views

Queries in three tier architecture

I am wondering where should the DB queries need to be in the three tier architecture. The first association that think is in the DAL. But then if the BL want to search for an object, the DAL need to ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Internal-use websites: Is there a compelling case against SQLite?

Many web frameworks, such as Flask or Django use SQLite as their default database. SQLite is compelling because it's included in python, and administrative overhead is pretty low. However, most high ...
0
votes
1answer
262 views

Search for object in loop or query? Who has better performance?

I have a DB that stores some complex objects of my app. When my app starts I load the objects into list and store them on the RAM. But sometimes I would like to search for an objects that fulfills ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Multiple schemas vs aditional column per customer

If you have different database per customer as there is no need to share any data between them does the same apply if a customer has multiple stores ? I believe that it is easier to do queries for ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

SQL-99 specification, is it specified to first order the result and limit it afterwards?

If I wrote this in MySQL SELECT * FROM foo ORDER BY bar LIMIT 1 it would first order the result and limit it afterwards. I always get the lowest bar. I wonder if this is specified like this in ...
8
votes
1answer
291 views

Can relational algebra/calculus proofs be used to test/verify SQL?

Is it feasible or even possible to use relational algebra and/or relational calculus in the form of proofs to test/verify the correctness of SQL statements, functions, and stored procedures? It seems ...
7
votes
5answers
329 views

In retrospect, has it been a good idea to use three-valued logic for SQL NULL comparisons?

In SQL, NULL means "unknown value". Thus, every comparison with NULL yields NULL (unknown) rather than TRUE or FALSE. From a conceptional point of view, this three-valued logic makes sense. From a ...
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2answers
3k views

SQLite with two python processes accessing it: one reading, one writing

I'm developing a small system with two components: one polls data from an internet resource and translates it into sql data to persist it locally; the second one reads that sql data from the local ...
18
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4answers
2k views

Why many designs ignore normalization in RDBMS?

I got to see many designs that normalization wasn't the first consideration in decision making phase. In many cases those designs included more than 30 columns, and the main approach was "to put ...