Structured Query Language (SQL) is a language for managing data in relational database management systems. This tag is for general SQL programming questions; it is not for Microsoft SQL Server (for this, use the sql-server tag), nor does it refer to specific dialects of SQL on its own.

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7
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7answers
386 views

Logistically, how do you manage embedded SQL?

My current application is running into issues with its ORM, and we're relying on some pretty hairy SQL to express queries that the ORM can't. Are there best practices in terms of how to manage the ...
1
vote
0answers
131 views

An algorithm to implement SQL's ORDER BY with TOP/LIMIT or OFFSET/FETCH

Is there a general algorithm to implement SQL's ORDER BY with OFFSET/LIMIT more efficiently than sorting all the records? The algorithm for a simple TOP x is easy enough. It takes one full pass ...
3
votes
2answers
310 views

Does ODBC require any run-time software beyond an .exe file to run against MySQL and ORACLE SQL? [closed]

I'm writing a software [under Windows] in C++ which later needs to be able to connect to both MySQL and ORACLE SQL. Now the software needs to be as simple for the user as possible. Now I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
500 views

Is it a bad practice to keep database schema scripts (DDL) and manipulation (DML) scripts in different modules

we have a project structure like the following "module-shared" module depends on "module-database" module and some other modules depend on "module-shared" but no other module depends on "module-...
2
votes
3answers
468 views

Managing database schema for a C++ app

I have an open source project (Cockatrice) that uses mysql for the server component. I'm planning some changes to the schema, but right now the only management I have is a script that runs the proper ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Database conceptual Question [duplicate]

When querying in database through PHP, is it good to open mysql connection before every query and close it as the query completes? or should we open the mysql connection as soon as the first query ...
2
votes
2answers
147 views

Best way to store revision information for quick access to view or revert changes

What I am looking for is the most optimal solution for storing content revisions in an MSSQL database. We have an application that allows users to make changes to small HTML content blocks similar to ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

MongoDB: Replicate data in documents vs. “join”

Disclaimer: This is a question derived from this one. What do you think about the following example of use case? I have a table containing orders. These orders has a lot of related information ...
3
votes
2answers
401 views

An algorithm for finding subset matching criteria?

I recently came up with a problem which I would like to share some thoughts about with someone on this forum. This relates to finding a subset. In reality it is more complicated, but I tried to ...
0
votes
1answer
349 views

Refactoring a Single Rails Model with large methods & long join queries trying to do everything

I have a working Ruby on Rails Model that I suspect is inefficient, hard to maintain, and full of unnecessary SQL join queries. I want to optimize and refactor this Model (Quiz.rb) to comply with ...
0
votes
0answers
195 views

embedding LEFT OUTER JOIN within INNER JOIN

I am having some problems with one of the question's answered in the book "SQL FOR MERE MORTALS". Here is the problem statement Here is the Database Structure Here is the answer which I am ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Best way to organize SQL queries stored in your code ? (or should you?) [closed]

I am sure I am not the only one who gets frustrated when they see a page of code littered with SQL queries. The ActiveRecord and other ORM patterns help mitigate a good amount of SQL used in a project,...
4
votes
2answers
866 views

Entity Framework with no direct table access

There are some similar questions I've found here, but none of them fully answer the question I'm asking. Similar questions: here and here In my company, I develop C# .NET applications and our Server ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Changing an int to be a string in PHP / MySQL Schema

Background I'm trying to decide the best way to manage a change in requirements. Currently when an admin is assigned to a ticket, the ticket header record is given an owner and the ownerID field is ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Managing unique data correctly in SQL

Here in Brazil we have a personal identifier called CPF. This identifier has a sequence of 11 digits and is unique for each Brazilian citizen. Possibly in other countries there is something like that ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Database model for keeping track of likes/shares/comments on blog posts over time

My goal is to keep track of the popular posts on different blog sites based on social network activity at any given time. The goal is not to simply get the most popular now, but instead find posts ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Web-app filtering information client-side vs server-side?

I have a web-app that provides data (that is updated on an interval) for intranet users, who are able to filter information by location. I was having a discussion with a co-worker about whether that ...
0
votes
0answers
338 views

Javascript and SQL Lite (multi browser offline SQL/database query)

I'm in the elections division of my county and am trying to simplify a voter lookup method for our poll judges during election time. Currently we are using a clunky heavy application that the judges ...
0
votes
1answer
357 views

Full Text Indexing Strategy for MS Excel Documents

Background As part of a broader application that allows users to search thousands of MS Office documents on a private network, I need to index and make searchable Microsoft Excel files. My basic ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

When deciding a Primary Key, can I use Date part of a DateTime field

I'm designing a payroll system I have designed a database with several tables and this question is related to following tables EMPLOYEE (Employee_ID [pk], Name,... etc) LOCATION (Location_ID [pk], ...
0
votes
1answer
520 views

Simplifying data search using .NET

An example on the asp.net site has an example of using Linq to create a search feature on a Music album site using MVC. The code looks like this - public ActionResult Index(string movieGenre, string ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

Dynamic Query Generation : suggestion for better approaches [closed]

I am currently designing a functionality in my Web Application where the verified user of the application can execute queries which he wishes to from the predefined set of queries with where clause ...
60
votes
6answers
3k views

Is this a ridiculous way to structure a DB schema, or am I completely missing something?

I have done a fair bit of work with relational databases, and think I understand the basic concepts of good schema design pretty well. I recently was tasked with taking over a project where the DB was ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Large MySQL Batch Inserts From PHP: Run insert from script, or save as SQL file?

We have a large dataset that's current residing in many, many spreadsheets. I've been tasked with getting part of that data into our MySQL DB. When all is said and done, I will probably be inserting ...
1
vote
3answers
203 views

Store history in SQL database column

We have a database that stores the process/history of particular machines. What I mean by that is that we have "started", "updating", "shutdown", and so on for all the computers in the company. The ...
7
votes
4answers
582 views

Direct database manipulation an anti-pattern?

Recently I learned that some teams have moved all their database manipulation to the actual database through the use of stored procedures. I thought that was pretty clever, since the database becomes ...
13
votes
4answers
9k views

Maintaining referential integrity between a mobile client and a server

So I have a relatively simple system. A mobile client creates records in a sqlite database that I would like to have synced to a remote SQL server (that is shared with other mobile clients). So when I ...
1
vote
2answers
247 views

Can I create a query which allows me to do this?

I have a table which stores user information, one column stores their ID. I had implemented four different attributes in the same table which stored a bit indicating which file operations that user ...
2
votes
1answer
745 views

Implementing Syncing between localStorage and SQL database?

I have made a simple web app, which runs completely offline - all data is saved in HTML5's localStorage. Now, I want the data to get synced with the server, so that the user is able to use the app on ...
-1
votes
2answers
809 views

When do you use subquery in SQL? [closed]

When do you use subquery in SQL, and what type of request is subquery useful for? I am practicing SQL and need to know how to spot a subquery problem immediately
0
votes
2answers
269 views

Return multiple columns with SQL where GroupBy is on one column [closed]

I have noticed that all the columns in a SQL Select Query should be in a aggregate function, because otherwise the output value for group would be arbitrary. This makes sense. But when the other ...
1
vote
1answer
502 views

Is there a purely SQL alternate to looping?

Historically, I probably would have written a script (php or something) to loop through all spreadsheet rows and perform some calculations. I'm looking for a pure SQL solution on the presumption ...
1
vote
3answers
703 views

Maintaining indices for location in a sorted list in database rows

I have a fairly simple data structure like this: create table project (id int auto increment primary key, name text); create table item (id int auto increment primary key, name text, project_id ...
91
votes
10answers
26k views

Why is “Select * from table” considered bad practice

Yesterday I was discussing with a "hobby" programmer (I myself am a professional programmer). We came across some of his work, and he said he always queries all columns in his database (even on/in ...
17
votes
11answers
24k views

Why is prefixing column names considered bad practice?

According to a popular SO post is it considered a bad practice to prefix table names. At my company every column is prefixed by a table name. This is difficult for me to read. I'm not sure the ...
4
votes
6answers
3k views

Confusion about proper use of * wildcard in SQL [duplicate]

Suppose I was writing an address book application where the details of each contact were stored in an SQL database. A user wants to know all the details for a person whose name is "Bob [Someone]". ...
0
votes
4answers
782 views

How to handle or prevent all Admins and users being removed

I have a website that stores all users in a database. A user can log on to the website and if they have sufficient privileges can add/delete users, as well as change their privileges. How do I ensure ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

Why doesn't MySQL have an explicit “No Limit” option for queries?

I use SQLyog Community edition and like many other SQL applications out there it puts a 1000 result limit on queries that do not have a limit provided. I am wondering why MySQL doesn't have an ...
1
vote
0answers
298 views

What database structure is suitable for tracking File audits?

I need to track permissions and access requests to a file server in a database. I'm given the full path of the folder and am considering parsing the path (splitting on the "/" character) and creating ...
4
votes
5answers
374 views

Is it bad software design to mix JDBC SQL calls and use an ORM in an application? [closed]

Is it bad software design to have JDBC/raw SQL and also use an ORM? I don't mind using an ORM for boilerplate CRUD, but some queries are better in SQL (for me). I'm not arguing for or against ORMs. ...
6
votes
2answers
441 views

Slight extension for SQL prepared statements syntax. Need advice

In my database abstraction library I am extending SQL prepared statements syntax to hint a parser with expected literal type. I take it as a very essential improvement, my reasoning you can read here. ...
131
votes
14answers
41k views

“Never do in code what you can get the SQL server to do well for you” - Is this a recipe for a bad design?

It's an idea I've heard repeated in a handful of places. Some more or less acknowledging that once trying to solve a problem purely in SQL exceeds a certain level of complexity you should indeed be ...
0
votes
1answer
540 views

What happens if computer crashes after giving commit command

If we are updating a field in SQL and ALTER the row also. After giving the COMMIT command, the system is crashed. What will happen to the commands given, whether it will UPDATE and ALTER the table ...
1
vote
3answers
270 views

Select custom output formats from database with SQL

I am planning to make a simple rest service application, and I am currently deciding the architecture. I have decided that I want to write the middle layer in multiple languages, so that it is easy to ...
0
votes
0answers
146 views

Using a single table for identity and metadata

I'm in the early design phase of a project to provide an e-commerce platform that will require several entities to be modelled, products, customers, orders, CMS pages, etc. They will all have a few ...
3
votes
1answer
220 views

Best way to rename existing unique field names in database?

I have a database table that contains id, filename, userId id is unique identifier filename should also be unique table may contain >10000 records When a user uploads a file it should be ...
1
vote
1answer
407 views

Do software developers write SQL? [closed]

Do software developers write SQL or database developers provide the SQL and the software developers use it? I am a novice to software development. I am just trying to understand the software ...
142
votes
13answers
79k views

Why use a database instead of just saving your data to disk?

Instead of a database I just serialize my data to JSON, saving and loading it to disk when necessary. All the data management is made on the program itself, which is faster AND easier than using SQL ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

Use Of Exists clause in SQL

Just finished Stanford lecture on SQL (by Prof. Jennifer Widom). However I have developed a confusion regarding the use of EXISTS clause. I thought it is just like a condition and an expression so ...
4
votes
3answers
538 views

Is it better to use a switch statement or database to look through 5,000 to 10,000 instances?

I have some JSON data in this format (5,000 instances for now): {"id":"123456","icon":"icon.png","caseName":"name of case"} I am allowing the user to search for the name of the case and then return ...