Syntax refers to the set of rules that define how to write a correctly structured program in a language. It explicitly does not deal with the program's meaning or interpretation.

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Variable declaration versus assignment syntax

Working on a statically typed language with type inference and streamlined syntax, and need to make final decision about syntax for variable declaration versus assignment. Specifically I'm trying to ...
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Languages like Tcl that have configurable syntax? [duplicate]

I'm looking for a language that will let me do what I could do with Clipper years ago, and which I can do with Tcl, namely add functionality in a way other than just adding functions. For example in ...
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Construct your solution logic in syntax or in a faster and more efficient mental model?

I am a newbie, studying programming and I came across this question today: How can I make sure that I'm actually learning how to program rather than simply learning the details of a language? A ...
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Optional semicolons

Most often, in a general-purpose imperative language - semicolons as statement-delimiters are either required, or completely disallowed (e.g. C and Python). However, some languages, like JavaScript, ...
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290 views

What language has integrated “list insertion” as part of code *syntax*?

Many programming languages permit natural manipulation of strings, and some languages permit the manipulations of lists too. More often then not (always?), these operations are done as procedure ...
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How to write a syntax checker [closed]

How is a syntax checker for a programming language written? I am guessing a grammar has to be written first. How to then proceed? Motivation I'm using a programming language (Apex for Salesforce) ...
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379 views

In Objective C, what English words can I conceptually associate to the symbols?

I'm learning Objective C (from a C# background) and am having difficulty understanding the unusual method signatures and am looking for a shortcut to make the learning curve less steep. When reading ...
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3answers
501 views

Any languages use the '=>' and '=<' operators? [closed]

I'm just curious if there are any programming languages that use the '=>' and '=<' operators for something. I wonder why these are not commonly used when their variant '<=' and '>=' are so ...
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Why there is no markdown for underline? [closed]

I am wondering why there is no markdown syntax for underline? I know that basic html tags can be embedded to achieve this but I am trying to understand why underline got omitted when bold and italics ...
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Does relying on intellisense and documentation a lot while coding makes you a bad programmer? [duplicate]

Is a programmer required to learn and memorize all syntax, or is it ok to keep handy some documentation? Would it affect the way that managers look at coders? What are the downside of depending on ...
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What makes Common Lisp “big”? [closed]

I've been learning both Common Lisp and Racket, and one thing that I consistently hear is that Racket is a much "smaller" language than Common Lisp. I was wondering what this really meant. As far as I ...
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Dollar Sign Blues: Javascript and PHP

I grew up programming C++ and Java where everything was safe and beautiful. Compilers made sure to keep me in check if I ever strayed. Of course, everyone did a little Perl in college, but I didn't ...
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1answer
167 views

How do I distinguish between things belonging to the standard library, specific gems, and those that are user-generated in Ruby?

I'm a beginning programmer, that for various reasons is using an existing Ruby codebase to learn to program. My goal is to be able to understand and eventually extend this codebase. However, I find it ...
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120 views

What Does “The Program Must Process Each Character Before Reading the Next One” Mean?

From the book Think Like a Programmer (emphasis mine) The Luhn formula is a widely used system for validating identification numbers. Using the original number, double the value of every other ...
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2answers
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foreach over multiple lists at once

Are there any languages that support foreach over multiple lists at once? Something like this: foreach (string a in names, string b in places, string c in colors) { // do stuff with a, b, c ...
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1answer
309 views

Objective C - nested messages … confusion about

Wonder if anyone could shed some light on this messaging construct: The documentation says that messages appear btwn brackets [] and that the msg target/object is on the left, whilst the msg itself ...
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2answers
429 views

Helper Methods Placement [duplicate]

Here's a question that's always bugged me. I'm going to use java as an example because I've almost never run into a problem in java where I didn't need to use helper methods in its class structure. ...
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7answers
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Why are semicolons and commas interchanged in for loops?

In many languages (a wide list, from C to JavaScript): commas , separate arguments (e.g. func(a, b, c)), while semicolons ; separate sequential instructions (e.g. instruction1; instruction2; ...
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2answers
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Why do bitwise operators have lower priority than comparisons?

Could someone explain the rationale, why in a bunch of most popular languages (see note below) comparison operators (==, !=, <, >, <=, >=) have higher priority than bitwise operators (&, |, ...
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What is the difference between “Syntax” and “Syntactic Sugar”

Background The Wikipedia page on Syntactic Sugar states: In computer science, syntactic sugar is syntax within a programming language that is designed to make things easier to read or to express. ...
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2answers
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When to (enforce) linting in a software project

I'm heading a new team of developers working on a software project that makes use of continuous integration (circleci) w/ a pretty fleshed out suite of busterjs unit/integration/acceptance tests. Our ...
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3answers
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Why do programming languages, especially C, use curly braces and not square ones?

The definition of "C-Style language" can practically be simplified down to "uses curly braces ({})." Why do we use that particular character (and why not something more reasonable, like [], which ...
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4answers
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Checking “instanceof” rather than value using a switch statement

Is there some syntax (other than a series of if statements) that allows for the use of a switch statement in Java to check if an object is an instanceof a class? I.e., something like this: switch ...
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4answers
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Why store a function inside a python dictionary?

I'm a python beginner, and I just learned a technique involving dictionaries and functions. The syntax is easy and it seems like a trivial thing, but my python senses are tingling. Something tells me ...
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How are “Json.org”-like specs graphs called and how can I generate them?

In http://www.json.org Douglas Crockford shows the specs of the JSON format in two interesting ways: In the right side column he lists a text spec that looks like a YACC or LEX listing. In the main ...
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Why can't we write nested shorthand functions in Clojure?

I tried to evaluate a Clojure expression with nested shorthand functions today, and it wouldn't let me. The expression was: (#(+ % (#(+ % (* % %)) %)) 5) ; sorry for the eye bleed The output was: ...
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How to programmatically construct textual query

Here is a query language, more specifically, it's JQL, you can use it in Jira, to search for issues, it's something like SQL, but quite simpler. My case is that, I need to construct such queries ...
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Why do node packages put a comma on a newline?

I'm learning node.js and am trying out Express. My first app had this code: var express = require('express') , routes = require('./routes') , user = require('./routes/user') , http = ...
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Syntax Memorization [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Programmers forgetting syntax Do programmers need a good memory? I'm a new web developer. I began learning HTML/CSS around June of this year. I picked them up ...
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Why isn't functional language syntax more close to human language?

I'm interested in functional programming and decided to get head to head with Haskell. My head hurts... but I'll eventually get it... I have one curiosity though, why is the syntax so cryptic (in lack ...
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3answers
415 views

How can you learn names of methods or classes of a framework or an API?

I've been programming C++ for a year now. I've gone through the language features and I've written good programs with it, so I decided to move on to OpenGL. At first it seemed confusing. As I kept ...
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8answers
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How important is it to learn makefiles? [closed]

I work in c++ mostly as a hobby (I'm still in school and therefor don't have a real job). The IDEs generate the makefile for me and so I'm wondering if it's worth learning how to make them myself. By ...
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Omit terminating semicolon in a tag - a good idea?

It's possible to omit the terminating semicolon in a tag. Example: <table> <th><td>Name</td><td>Email</td> <? foreach ($receivers as $receiver): ?> ...
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Confusion regarding def function within Python

I've been learning Python for about 2 months now (Started with Learn Python The Hard Way, now reading Dive Into Python), and within both books, I still seem to be confused over this one bit of code. ...
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Can the Clojure set and maps syntax be added to other Lisp dialects?

In addition to create list using parentheses, Clojure allows to create vectors using [ ], maps using { } and sets using #{ }. Lisp is always said to be a very extensible language in which you can ...
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Are “backwards” terminators for if and case unique to shell scripting?

In bash at least, if and case blocks are closed like this: if some-expr then echo "hello world" fi case $some-var in [1-5]) do-a-thing ;; *) do-another-thing esac as opposed to the ...
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1answer
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Pythonesque global variable assignment

I'm designing a language with Pythonesque syntax, including casual creation of variables by assignment. I'm wondering at the moment exactly how to deal with assignment to global variables (and ...
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286 views

Eliminating tab characters in a new language

I'm working on a new programming language, which determines structure with indentation instead of braces in the manner of Python and CoffeeScript. Obviously placing lines indented with spaces next to ...
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96 views

Reinforcing Syntax Elements

I am currently learning Javascript, and there is one element of the syntax that I can just not seem to nail down. That element is adding semicolons at the end of each line. I have learned Python and ...
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Is there a language that transcompiles to C with a better syntax? [closed]

CoffeeScript is a language with a very clean Ruby-like syntax that transcompiles to JavaScript. Does the same thing exists with C? Then writing more readable and as fast as original C programs would ...
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5answers
406 views

How to remember the details (Core APIs) of one computer language? [closed]

I found my self often paused to check a certain usage of one core API when writing either javascript or Ruby. I am wondering how the other guys doing? Is it necessary to remember every Core API ...
0
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1answer
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Syntax logic suggestions

This syntax will be used inside HTML attributes. Here are a few examples of what I have so far: <input name="a" conditions="!b, c" /> <input name="b" /> <input name="c" /> This ...
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13answers
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Why are statements in many programming languages terminated by semicolons?

Is there a reason that a semi-colon was chosen as a line terminator instead of a different symbol? I want to know the history behind this decision, and hope the answers will lead to insights that may ...
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6answers
2k views

Syntax for goto labels

In C, C++ and some dialects of BASIC, goto labels are declared with the syntax label:. I'm working on a language that uses name: type as the syntax for variable declarations, so I'd prefer if possible ...
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4answers
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What's the difference between implementing an Interface explicitly or implicitly?

In Visual Studio I can right-click on an interface and choose to Implement Interface, or Implement Interface Explicitly. public class Test : ITest { public string Id // Generated by Implement ...
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4answers
471 views

Backquoted symbols, good or bad?

I'm designing a programming language which has three kinds of quoted entities: strings and characters as in C, and symbols (interned strings intended for use as lookup keys and such) which I consider ...
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3answers
196 views

Syntactic sugar regarding function parameters

Are there any modern programming languages where you don't have to specify types for each parameter in a function's definition? Ex: procedure P(a, b, c, d: integer) vs void P(int a, int b, int ...
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Is there any reason why most programming languages don't have '!>' (not greater than) and '!<' (not less than) operators?

I wonder if there is any reason - or if it is just an accident of history - that there are no !> and !< operators in most programming languages? a >= b (a greater OR equals b) could be ...
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11answers
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Is there a personalizable programming language you can use to convert to others?

Is there a programming language in which you can set your own syntax configurations and it would convert the code to a language you choose? For instance, you would choose specific configurations like ...
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6answers
4k views

Why the Select is before the From in a SQL Query? [closed]

This is something that bothered me a lot at school. 5 years ago, when I learned SQL, I always wondered why we specify first the fields we want and then where we want them from. According to my idea, ...