Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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3
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2answers
2k views

Every function is a closure?

Wikipedia says, that closure - is a function, which has an access to variables, declared outside of the function. There is even an example: function startAt(x) function incrementBy(y) ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Control (avoid) changing fields with side-effects

I have been thinking about a design problem and possible solutions in my own. I am pretty sure I am not the first one to have noticed it, but I cannot google for it since I do not know the standard ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

What is meant by the term 'System requirement' and how does that relate to 'Functional requirement'?

What is the difference between a Functional Requirement and a System Requirement? As I know, the term 'Functional requirement' refers to a requirement which describes a function that needs to be ...
0
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2answers
62 views

What is the term (“metric”) for the degree of unstructuredness due to many changes? [closed]

Is there a specific term (name of a "metric") that represents the growing level of unstructuredness (or just plain badness) of a s/w component that is caused by too many changes, by too many people, ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Correct definition of “bandwidth preserving algorithms” in real-time scheduling?

I've seen conflicting definitions for the term "bandwidth preserving algorithms". The two definitions I've seen are: Any spare CPU capacity is used for aperiodic processes. One or more periodic ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

What is the name of a type that is defined from a template?

To give a complete example, let's say I have a template class that I now use to generate a type definition: template <typename T> struct A {}; using X = // I'm not asking about this ...
5
votes
5answers
406 views

Adding quirks from an old system to a new system because that's what people are used to - a term for this?

Is there a term for the above? When building a new system developers are sometimes instructed (that is a different issue) to "keep things as they are", regardless of how inefficient or unusable they ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

I/O bound or CPU-bound

I have a telephony application, there is a windows service(third party product) running on a remote server. The application runs against the server. To connect the server, we have the code. public ...
1
vote
3answers
92 views

How to name a function type that is called by an event, but doesn't handle the event? [closed]

How would one name a function type called by a certain event? Instances of this function type would get called when a certain key is pressed. It isn't strictly an event handler type, because it ...
5
votes
0answers
98 views

When we say a monad 'encapsulates a computation' - is this just saying 'wraps a functional transformation of data'?

When I think of the word 'computation' - my mind jumps to lambda calculus or operations on a state machine representing a CPU. It is quite a broad definition. Now some people talk about monads as ...
-3
votes
2answers
104 views

Is a web application only something that has a UI that runs in the browser? [closed]

Consider an application that relies heavily on the internet. It constantly talks to a remote server. However it's UI is a desktop program that doesn't live in a browser. Would you consider such a ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Are CRUD operations intended to be used with collections?

CRUD operations, by definition are... interfaces that permit users to create, remove, modify or retrieve data Implementations of CRUD interfaces can come in various shapes and sometimes they are ...
2
votes
3answers
104 views

Is there a name for the technique of converting method parameters into a unified form to simplify further processing? [closed]

When working with methods which accept a parameter in various forms (e.g. nil, a single string, a single string containing multiple data or an array of strings) I tend to unify them - splitting, ...
-1
votes
2answers
117 views

Is 'lazy' the correct term for timestamp-based skipping? [closed]

(1) The oldmakeutility looks at timestamps, and if the output is newer than the input, it skips (pointless, time-consuming) re-compilation of e.g. C files. The same is true for many languages and ...
-1
votes
2answers
129 views

What is meant by “code rot”? [duplicate]

Please say that 'code rots' if you don't clean it. What does that mean? Obviously code is text, not an organism that can change itself. So why does code 'rot' if you don't touch it? What makes it ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

What is meant by an HTML5 application? [closed]

Since HTML5 is still only a markup language, what is meant when people say "HTML5 application"? Please explain.
-7
votes
3answers
123 views

What's the list of how to precisely talk about problems in C++ code within the spec? [closed]

The C++ specification leaves a lot of leeway such that when you write bad code, compiler authors are not responsible for defining a specific mode of failure. We know of course that is Undefined ...
5
votes
4answers
290 views

Why does “charset” really mean “encoding” in common usage?

Something that has long confused me is that so much software uses the terms "charset" and "encoding" as synonyms. When people refer to a unicode "encoding", they always mean a ruleset for ...
22
votes
5answers
1k views

What specifically does expressive power refer to?

Expressive Power is defined by Wikipedia as: .. the breadth of ideas that can be represented and communicated in that language. Does "ideas" refer to the things (operations, structures, ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Help identify terminology for pattern substituion? [closed]

This is a badly titled question...maybe a moderator can make it better. Nearly two decades ago, I took a computer graphics class as an undergraduate. We got to do whatever we wanted for a final ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Checking negative of a condition

What is the (slightly pejorative) term for checking the negative of a condition (rather than the positive which is often more readable): e.g. if(!someVar) { return null; } else { return ...
-2
votes
1answer
108 views

What are the difference between: agent, actor, dataflow based programming? [closed]

What are the difference between the following terms? agent-based programming agent-based programming with microagents actor-based programming actor-based programming with lightweight actors dataflow ...
17
votes
1answer
697 views

Where did the notion of 'calling' a function come from?

I've always wondered why one calls a function as opposed to, for example, executing it. A Google search for function call etymology and similar terms turns up nothing useful, Wikipedia doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

What's a “Polymorphic method”?

Sometimes people use the phrase "Polymorphic method/function". Does it mean: A method that takes a Polymorphic type as a parameter, and performs some operation on it. By "Polymorphic type" I mean a ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

What do you call a problem caused by a design flaw [closed]

Is there any terminology for a problem that is caused by a previous wrong decision? For example you build your own framework, with a flawed MVC design. This in turn leads to weird situations when ...
-3
votes
3answers
140 views

What is the verb for “to make something into a plugin”? [closed]

What is the verb for "to make something into a plugin"? Example use: "Developer can you make Module Foo into a plugin?". "Yes sir, I can some verb Module Foo". Terms I have considered: pluginify, ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the Controller in Django MVC?

Learning Django MVC and the way I thought of it is: Models are the database tables represented in Django as Python classes. Views are the HTML returned from function in views.py. Controllers are the ...
0
votes
3answers
263 views

Does the pattern of passing in one object instead of many parameters to a constructor have a name?

If you have a constructor that takes a lot of parameters, like this: public OrgUnitsHalRepresentation(List<OrgUnitSummaryHalRepresentation> orgUnitSummaryHalRepresentationList, int count, ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Showing the structure of the program (menu) as a tree - does it a have name?

In my thesis, I want to show the structure of the program, like this: > Menu --- Settings ---- Audio ---- ... > ---- Video > > --- Perform ---- Calculation ...
3
votes
1answer
320 views

Is there a term for this coding practice?

One of the incidental complexities of introducing features to an existing system is that the programmer often has to touch several areas of code that are not immediately adjacent. Over the long haul ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Are the required parameters of a function called dependencies?

I'm studying dependency injection and I want to know if required function parameters can be considered dependencies. I'd just like to make sure before I go around referring to them dependencies and ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Terminology: queue versus fifo

When referring to or documenting a typical lock-free circular data structure (or class or object) used to communicate between arbitrarily long asynchronous threads or processors: "queue", "fifo" or ...
0
votes
2answers
268 views

Why is it called a memory leak?

I am a hobbyist programmer, bit of a stickler for terminology, currently learning C and recently came across the concept of Memory Leak. Now, I do understand what it means. Dynamic memory allocated to ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

If I have true i/o false or vice versa, is it an OBOE? [closed]

I often make the mistake of inverting my truth values in my code (e.g. in my if clauses). It gives me the same feeling as when making an OBOE (Off By One Error), even though it's technically not. ...
27
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the origin of the negative term “legacy code”

Everyone talks about legacy code in software development and I have heard the term over the last ten years used to paint any codebase as being bad. Where did this term, which has such powerful ...
0
votes
3answers
225 views

Is there a common programming term for the problems of adding features to an already-featureful program?

I'm looking for a commonly used programming term to describe a software-engineering phenomenon, which (for lack of a better way to describe it) I'll illustrate first with a couple of ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Programming Language vs Markup Language vs Scripting Language

Up until now I don't know the KEY differences between these three. When someone asks me about this, I only tell them that C# is a programming language, HTML and XML are Markup Languages, and ...
-2
votes
1answer
49 views

Term For Errors That Occur In Certain Environments [closed]

What is the term for an error or bug that exhibits itself on computers with certain environments/setups only? Context: We have produced our own anti-piracy software. We distribute applications that ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Is it correct to call the assignment symbol an “operator” when it is actually a statement?

In some languages (C++, Java, Ruby, etc.) an assignment returns a value and can be used in an expression: x = (y = z); // ok, 'x' gets the value of 'z' In other languages (Ada, VHDL), an ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Is there a name for this technique in testing? [closed]

When I've written tests for some code and want to make sure that it's actually testing what it's supposed to, I'll mess up or remove the code-under-test, and see if the tests fail. If they don't, I've ...
1
vote
2answers
244 views

Describe business logic with diagrams

I am currently developing a web application for my thesis.I was asked by my professor to make diagrams to describe the business logic. Since I don't have a prior experience, I am pretty confused with ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

What does it mean when data is scalar?

I don't know what scalar means exactly, but I'm trying to see if I'm thinking about it correctly. Does scalar relate to arbitrariness where the type of data could be any type, or a system is not able ...
0
votes
5answers
201 views

Computer Science and the IT industry [duplicate]

I have a Computer Science degree and I'm employed as a software engineer. I'm regularly approached by recruiters on LinkedIn with "programmer", "software developer", or general "software and/or ...
-3
votes
1answer
182 views

Is there a purely technical term for 'monkey patching' [closed]

EDIT The original title of the question was Is there a non-derogatory term for 'monkey patching'. As I have learned that the term is actually not derogatory, or is at least not meant to be, I changed ...
-2
votes
2answers
151 views

Kibibtye or Kilobyte to represent 1024 bytes [closed]

I am working on a project with several older programmer and we were doing up the documentation of the program when I had a heated debate with one of the older programmers regarding the term : ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

What is meant by change the main routine? The C Programming Language

In exercise 1-16 in The C Programming Language (K & R) it asks for us to: revise the main routine of the longest-line program so it will correctly print the length of arbitrary long input lines, ...
-1
votes
2answers
132 views

What do we call the process of changing hard-coded codes into soft-coded codes? [closed]

Is there a specific term to call the process of modifying hard-coded codes into soft-coded codes? I have to report what I am doing to the Project manager, shall I just put "modifying hard-coded codes ...
-1
votes
2answers
181 views

Is there a specific term for the variable in a `foreach` construct?

Does the variable used for iteration in a foreach loop have a more specific term than simply 'the foreach variable?' Especially to differentiate it from the collection variable? E.g. item in foreach ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

In an if statement, what are an “if clause” and a “then clause”?

I am a bit confused about the nomenclature for the parts of an if statement. Consider the following example: 1: if condition then 2: statement_1; 3: else 4: statement_2; 5: end if; ...
2
votes
2answers
270 views

What is the word to describe languages that have classes and inheritance?

What is the word used to describe the type of programming languages that provide explicit syntax for defining classes and that support inheritance? For example: "A ______ language, such as C++, Java, ...