Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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7
votes
1answer
155 views

Is there a term for splitting a function into “prep” and “do” halves?

I'm revisiting old code, and I noticed that the main logic is in one method, which is longer than I'd like (~60 lines). So I split it, and there's a natural seam on which to do so: the first half ...
4
votes
5answers
165 views

What is the difference expected but not desired behavior and a software bug

Recently I asked this question. As commented in the answer by someone who sounds like a numPy developer, this behavior is clearly not desired. The issue posted was closed stating that this is ...
-3
votes
1answer
155 views

I think fan-in fan-out is backward, please explain [closed]

The term Fan-In came from Electronics, and refers to how many inputs a logic gate has, such as a Two-Input AND gate (fan-in of 2). Fan-Out refers to how many gates can simultaneously draw on the (one ...
-4
votes
2answers
76 views

What are the differences between operating systems and computer systems?

Wikipedia's definition of a "computer system" is: Computer system is define as the combination of hardware software user and data with referring to communication and procedure involved in between ...
2
votes
3answers
198 views

What means mapping in terms of programming

My question is what means a mapper and the action of mapping something? For example, I often hear things like: Mapping the classes Mapping the objects from the database Mapping the objects Mapping ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

Why is it called network “topology”? Why not network “graph”?

I want to understand why we use the term "network topology" as opposed to "network graph", or another term, to talk about the structure of networks. I'm working on a network design for a project, and ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

What is the significance of database host name while configuring database?

The name database host, how the name indicates "the server that hosts the database", should be the server ip, that hosts that database. I don't see any relation of it with the scripts that try to ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Blurred line between a framework and an SDK

I have been programming professionally for a couple of decades. Some years ago, the framework word was not so widely used as it is today, but I still believe we've been using "frameworks" for a very ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

What is a Collection of Aggregates Referred to in Domain Driven Design?

E.g. in a domain model with two aggregate roots: book author Is there a specific term that refers to a collection of aggregates of the same root type (e.g. a collection of books)? In Confusion ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Difference between Software Engineering and developing software in a Craftsmanship style [closed]

I have recently come across two terms: Software Engineering and Craftsmanship. I would like to know what the difference is between Software Engineering and developing software in a Craftsmanship ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

Does it make sense to use the term “Space Leak” with regard to Java?

EDIT: To clarify, I am not suggesting that leaks don't happen in a managed application. I'm simply pondering about how we talk about them. There are some highly upvoted discussions about memory ...
13
votes
3answers
429 views

How wrong is it to talk about C++ “methods” (versus “member functions”)?

I understand that according to the C++ spec there is no such thing as a "method", and some (many? most?) C++ programmers consider "method" to be a Java-ism. On the other hand, even on a C++ forum ...
8
votes
3answers
780 views

What are “class methods” and “instance methods”, in Python?

There has been a discussion in chat relating to a question (the question itself being irrelevant to this one), that has revealed I may not know Python whatsoever. In my mind, although terminology ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Do you know the name of this algorithm? (cycle with history?)

Context : I'm a IT student who is trying to implement a small application for my family. Every year, we offer each other gifts. Each one of us pick a name of a family member in a hat, and have to ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

What is the name for user-defined methods / functions that get called implicitly? [closed]

I want to mark such methods in my application code with a comment that highlights that these methods are expected to get called by the framework / compiler the application is written for, even if the ...
4
votes
2answers
280 views

What is it called when threads are waiting but not deadlocked

The definition of a deadlock is when two or more threads cannot complete their execution because they are mutually blocked and waiting for something from the other thread(s). Is there a similar term ...
-2
votes
1answer
41 views

Terminology: abstraction vs models [closed]

I'm building a model of the SQL query language. It doesn't attempt to abstract SQL at all - instead, it tries to model it directly, so it has model objects named Query, Table, Column, Variable, ...
0
votes
3answers
167 views

What really is the “runtime environment”?

This is a very basic question but is something I've never completely understood and recently, when studying .NET Core and ASP.NET 5 I felt the need of a more complete understanding of the topic. ...
2
votes
4answers
100 views

Can someone give me a good definition of the term “business logic”? [duplicate]

I kind of get what it means, but not enough to explain it by myself. Is a key concept when talking about the MVC pattern and it's giving me problems to explain that concept too.
-1
votes
1answer
124 views

What is the difference between size and length? [closed]

It seems that the terms size and length are used interchangeably to describe how many bits, bytes or octets some data occupies, i.e. a length field in a data header is said to indicate the size of the ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Does testing the characteristics of a runtime have a generally accepted name? [closed]

I am working with PowerShell which doesn't seem to have an up-to-date language spec. This leaves me wondering about some edge cases. I've taken to testing my assumptions about how PowerShell's ...
1
vote
2answers
278 views

What is a vanilla version, and what should software have to distinguish it from a vanilla version? [duplicate]

I have seen the term "vanilla version" used seeral times. For example, I have seen the term on the Lasagna-users google group, where a user mentions the term: vanilla CNN package. So, when is a ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Is Node.js a framework? [closed]

I keep seeing recruiters, developers, etc. refer to Node.js as a framework. In my opinion, this is out of ignorance for what Node.js really is. Oftentimes, in job descriptions, Node.js is grouped in ...
133
votes
11answers
19k views

Should I stop using the term C/C++?

I understand C and C++ are different languages but when I was learning C++ I was always told that C is a subset of C++ or C++ is C with classes. And that was quite true until the appearance of C++x0, ...
0
votes
0answers
129 views

Does the term “readability” refer also to the transparency of code functionality? [duplicate]

Question: Does the term "readability" refer also to the transparency of code functionality? For Example: I read that a downside of Dependency Injection is a sacrifice to readability. The idea being ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

What's the name for the 'spec' of a function/method?

I'm pretty sure there is a special name for the 'spec' of a function/method. It's a word that refers to how many arguments it takes the order of arguments which arguments are optional Is there a ...
29
votes
1answer
954 views

What is the term for an anonymous JavaScript function that's called immediately?

I'm writing a JavaScript style-guide for my team, so that we can organise and contribute our documents easier. But I've hit a small bump which is where my question applies... What am I supposed to ...
31
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of “doesn't compose”?

I see a lot of texts, especially functional programming texts, claim that certain CS concepts "don't compose". Examples are: locks don't compose, monads don't compose. I've been having a hard time ...
3
votes
3answers
880 views

Difference between hotfix and bugfix? [closed]

I know this is a very basic question but I cant seem to find the answer with Google. What is the difference between a hotfix and a bugfix?
2
votes
4answers
464 views

what is the difference between overengineering, underengineering and rightengineering? [closed]

What is the difference between over-engineering, under-engineering and right-engineering at coding/design perspective? I found over-engineering: Coding too much like doing future requirement code ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

What is the middleware (if any) in web-service consumed by a website?

I am trying to identify the parts of an architecture. The server (Python) acts as a web-service, delivering files and data. The client (JS) requests the data which it needs by sending xmlhttprequests ...
5
votes
3answers
299 views

Is continuous integration more than just automatically testing code?

Is continuous integration about more than just automatically testing code, either periodically or after every commit to the main repository? Before today, I'd heard the term CI, and about CI services ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Recursion, iteration, and …? [closed]

Here are three common code structures that apply a function multiple times: foo(x) { if basecase(x) return k else return foo(g(x)) } uses recursion. for i in 0..10 { n *= bar(i) } uses ...
37
votes
5answers
3k views

Why do we use the word “sprint”?

One of the founding principles of the Agile Manifesto is Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace ...
-1
votes
1answer
95 views

XQL vs. XQuery vs.

I am studying some standards and tools for XML, but I confused with some terms and standards and their differences What is XQL? It seems the same as XQuery and somehow even similar to XPath? Are XQL ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

“Control enters method a” What does control mean in this context?

From this page (Java Monitors Are Reentrant) there's a sentence that says: Reentrant contains two synchronized methods: a and b. The first synchronized method, a, calls the other synchronized ...
0
votes
3answers
427 views

What is the difference of smoke testing and black-box testing?

Main theme of my question is about the differences of Smoke Testing and other types of software testing specially Black-box testing but also I'm very curoius to know what is the purpose of this ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Is there a standard terminology for a class that actually does all the heavy work to create a dumb (immutable) related class?

Say that creating/calculating all the properties of fruit needs a lot of logic, and you just want to have a very simple immutable POCO object in the end. So i.e. it doesn't have any methods, making ...
17
votes
6answers
2k views

What to call an HTTP API that is not RESTful? [closed]

What would you call an API that is HTTP-based, uses URI to name resources and HTTP verbs (PUT, POST, DELETE, GET...) to manipulate those resources? According to Roy Fielding's complaints it is not ...
1
vote
2answers
181 views

In C, what is an unconditional jump?

I have to fill out some documentation regarding a C project i worked on. One topic is whether I used "unconditional jumps". As far as I know, a "break" statement counts as a jump. And I have a few of ...
0
votes
2answers
238 views

What is a formal definition for an algorithm step?

Consider the following code to find the K th minimum element of an array: FindKthMin(A[], k) { A = Sort(A); return A[k]; } Could it be an algorithm without specifying the sort details? ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Is there a term for data being written not being immediately available to be read?

Here is a problem I've repeatedly observed over the years: a thread writes to something (database record, LDAP entry, etc.) very soon afterwards, the same thread tries to read the record it just ...
2
votes
3answers
229 views

8085 assembly question. Why flag stacks named d0-d7?

I'm trying to make my C programming exciting by learning assembly programming. I've encountered an image of flag registers in 8085 assembly programming. In that image blocks are named from ...
3
votes
3answers
395 views

“Read user input”: Could it be a step of an algorithm?

Based on this definition of algorithm from Wikipedia: In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a self-contained step-by-step set of operations to be performed. Algorithms exist that ...
1
vote
3answers
273 views

What is the difference between a helper and a convenience function?

The title and the question are the same! The two seem the same to me: a convenience is a helper. A helper is a convenience. So when is it good to use the one or the other term?
10
votes
2answers
577 views

Why is the 'out' keyword used in two seemingly disparate contexts?

In C#, the out keyword can be used in two different ways. As a parameter modifier in which an argument is passed by reference class OutExample { static void Method(out int i) { i = ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Is a programming language a set of programs or a set of instructions?

From Structured Computer Organization by Tanenbum A program is a sequence of instructions describing how to perform a certain task. When trying to see a programming language as a formal ...
6
votes
2answers
695 views

What is the difference between Optionals and Nullable type

Swift has Optionals. C# has Nullable types. As far as I can tell both serve same purpose, besides value of some type they store information whether variable has value or is undefined ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Programming language heritage of the word 'field'

What programming language introduced the word "field" to describe what we might call a member variable in C++? What modern programming languages carry on this usage as the preferred term? I've seen ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

JSP without .jsp-files?

I have a little project (a CMS) that was developed using .jsp-files in 2006. I moved in 2011 to JSF and had only one .jsp-file for the frontend. In 2014 I integrated the backend into the frontend ...