21
votes
5answers
1k views

What specifically does expressive power refer to?

Expressive Power is defined by Wikipedia as: .. the breadth of ideas that can be represented and communicated in that language. Does "ideas" refer to the things (operations, structures, ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Programming Language vs Markup Language vs Scripting Language

Up until now I don't know the KEY differences between these three. When someone asks me about this, I only tell them that C# is a programming language, HTML and XML are Markup Languages, and ...
3
votes
1answer
326 views

Is there a name for the 'break n' construct?

In a conversation earlier this week I was discussing certain language features, and I realized I don't have a good word / phrase to describe a particular feature. Some languages, such as PHP, have a ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

Is there any difference between pointers and references? [duplicate]

References and pointers do the same thing as I know. Is there any difference between them? If there is no difference, why we call them reference not pointer?
21
votes
6answers
2k views

How can I say that programming language compiles to other languages?

How can I say in english, that programming language can be compiled to other programming languages? The example can be Haxe. On the website the language is decribed as "Multiplatform": ...
33
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are actual parameters called “arguments”?

Where does the word "argument" (in the programming sense) come from? i.e. Why are actual parameters called "arguments"? The meanings don't seem related, and I haven't found any explanation of it ...
21
votes
5answers
2k views

I've been told HTML is a markup language, C++ is a programming language, what could make that difference?

My programming friends are always telling me that HTML is a markup language and C++ is a programming language. When I ask them what's the difference, they never give me a reasonable answer. What ...
6
votes
1answer
263 views

Is there a well grounded theory on backward and forward compatibility of formats, languages, grammars and vocabularies?

I have a friend who has the specific problem of building a case against the use of a custom HTML <wrapper> tag in some site's markup. Now, intuitively we can answer that use of such a tag is ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

What is considered third party code?

Inspired by this question Using third-party libraries - always use a wrapper? I wanted to know what people actually consider as third-party libraries. Example from PHP: If I'm building an application ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

Why are some data types Deprecated while others Obsolete? [closed]

Why are some data types or functions made Obsolete in a newer version of an API and others are marked as Deprecated? Why not make them all Obsolete or why not make them all Deprecated?
35
votes
12answers
2k views

Why are errors named as “Exception” but not as “Error” in programming languages?

I've been thinking about that for quite a while actually. I am not a native english speaker myself but still I have years of programming experience and I always asked me this. Why is it named as ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

What is the difference between building and compiling ?

What's the difference between Building and Compiling.
6
votes
1answer
631 views

Origin of the programming language term “boxing”? [closed]

What was the first programming environment (probably language) to use the words "boxing" and "unboxing" to indicate encapsulating a primitive type in some kind of wrapper to allow it to be used in ...
10
votes
4answers
10k views

What are binaries?

I see very often people using term binaries in different context. What are binaries? Collection on binary files, installation files, .dll files or what? Or is it just an general term for some ...
4
votes
2answers
230 views

What is “syntactic delegation”

Steve Yegge mentions it in When Polymorphism Fails: ... I think this implies that type is best represented via properties rather than classes, because of the inherent inflexibility of classes. But ...
7
votes
3answers
673 views

Did concept of ViewModel exist before MVVM?

Today I was having a discussion with a colleague that ViewModel is a general concept and existed before MVVM pattern. I believe ViewModel term is used anytime you create a class with Model like ...
9
votes
4answers
5k views

What is language-agnosticism and why is it called that way?

When is something language agnostic? Why is it called that way?
9
votes
8answers
1k views

Rigorous Definition of Syntactic Sugar?

It seems like in language holy wars, people constantly denigrate any feature they don't find particularly useful as being "just syntactic sugar". The line between "real features" and "syntactic ...