Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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17
votes
6answers
2k views

What to call an HTTP API that is not RESTful? [closed]

What would you call an API that is HTTP-based, uses URI to name resources and HTTP verbs (PUT, POST, DELETE, GET...) to manipulate those resources? According to Roy Fielding's complaints it is not ...
0
votes
3answers
229 views

What does Architecture of the project mean

I'm working on website and java application for my project and I'm writing report and there is question that say "What is the architecture of the project" I don't know what should I write because I ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What's the difference between an implementation detail and a technical concern

I just wanted to make sure that I understand and can properly articulate the difference between these two concepts. I've always thought of an implementation detail as being the internal workings of ...
18
votes
6answers
16k views

What does it mean when data is scalar?

I don't know what scalar means exactly, but I'm trying to see if I'm thinking about it correctly. Does scalar relate to arbitrariness where the type of data could be any type, or a system is not able ...
0
votes
3answers
101 views

How to deal with bug reports or issues where the reporter no longer cares and no one can reproduce?

There's a bug report that the original reporter no longer cares about and I can't reproduce the issue. Is there an English terminology used to tag those issues? Should they be kept open and tagged ...
-1
votes
3answers
55 views

What do you call the two types of classes on a instance declaration

When you declare a new instance of a class, you do so in a lot of languages as: MyClass obj = new MyClass(); The two MyClass mean subtly different things, often you will see: IMyClass obj = new ...
0
votes
2answers
134 views

Almost point-free style

Programmers often talk about point-free style. In contrast to the imperative style (pseudocode): h := function(x) { y := f(x) z := g(y) return z; } one might write the following point-free: ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Term OR word for specific type of a SQL table

I am looking for a Term/Word for specific type of tables. I have tried to search a lot, but I could not come up with best search terms for this. Tables that hold some master information, such as ...
3
votes
0answers
132 views

Why is a vertical bar used as the OR operator in so many programming languages?

The Vertical Bar Operator (|) is used in a variety of constants to mean OR in some way: C-style languages use a | b to mean bitwise OR of a and b, a || b to mean logical OR of a and b. Regular ...
-2
votes
1answer
63 views

What is an element of a schedule called? [closed]

I have a question about software modeling terminology, when modeling time. Say you have a repeating schedule MWF 4-5 p.m. What do you call Monday 4-5 p.m.? What's the term for that? using System; ...
33
votes
6answers
18k views

Why are good programmers referred to as Ninjas? [closed]

How is a Ninja programmer defined? If it is just an experienced developer, then is there really no better way to describe that? Ninja sounds like a childish marketing ploy designed to attract ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why isn't C's most basic printing function named `print` instead of `printf`? [duplicate]

AFAIK, C does not have a print function. The most basic we can get is printf. So, is there a reason why this function is not simply named print, instead of printf? Note that this question is about ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Phrase for “timestamp”-like value that increments every time there is a state change?

Is there a phrase in common use for a counter that is incremented every time the state of an object changes? It's not quite a timestamp and it's not quite a revision but maybe there is a common name ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Name for Keeping Multiple Copies of a Variable

There is a bad practice in software engineering where a single piece of data is held by value in multiple places. For example, in an FPS, the location of the player could be held by the AI class, the ...
27
votes
3answers
5k views

If I implement an Interface, is it called an Inheritance?

If my class implements an interface then can I say that I'm following inheritance? I know that when a class extends another class then it's inheritance.
11
votes
3answers
3k views

What are “class methods” and “instance methods”, in Python?

There has been a discussion in chat relating to a question (the question itself being irrelevant to this one), that has revealed I may not know Python whatsoever. In my mind, although terminology ...
-2
votes
1answer
131 views

Business domain vs technical domain

So I came across this post while researching about package structuring for MVC. I just need some clarifications on what a business domain and technical domain are. Examples would be helpful.
1
vote
2answers
105 views

What is the meaning of changing state of the program?

I was reading about common practices for naming functions and variables. Most of the seasoned programmers say verb should be used when a function changes the state of the program, and noun should be ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Is there a language agnostic term for statement parameters? [closed]

Is there a general term for the code that sets the parameters of statements require some kind of initialization or bounds? Examples: C: for (x=0; x<y; ++i) switch (controlling_variable) ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Differences between the terms Modules, Plugins, Extensions

While developing software, certain parts of my applications are not planned to be necessarily deployed with the main software. And they need to be named correctly. Now I understand apparently there ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Do there exist terms or classifications that describe the type of command line program you are writing?

Are there terms that are used to describe what kind of command line program you are programming based on how the program is designed to interact with the user? For example, I can write a program that ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

Definition of Top-down Refactoring / Bottom-up Refactoring

In the context of refactoring, you sometimes come across the term "bottom up approach", which makes sense in a way that you change the smallest moving parts first when refactoring. However I never ...
2
votes
4answers
495 views

Why is it called a memory leak?

I am a hobbyist programmer, bit of a stickler for terminology, currently learning C and recently came across the concept of Memory Leak. Now, I do understand what it means. Dynamic memory allocated to ...
39
votes
4answers
12k views

Developing a feature which sole purpose to be taken out? [closed]

What is the name of the pattern in which individual contributors (programmers/designers) developed an artifact for the sole purpose is to serve as a diversion so that management can remove that ...
-2
votes
1answer
104 views

What is the common name for the BO Layer [closed]

As I know, the most common packages\library ("dll") in a projects are: DAL - contains all the methods which access the database directly. BL - contains all the method regarding the business logic. ...
-1
votes
3answers
185 views

Are browser console errors 'compiler errors', 'runtime errors', or neither?

I was trying to communicate with a coworker about a JavaScript error I was being notified about in my browser's console window when I realized that I wasn't sure if I should refer to this as a ...
3
votes
3answers
381 views

Why the terms used in Scrum are so strange?

I'm not a native English speaker, currently I'm reading some articles about Scrum. I was wondering if the English terms used in Scrum seem strange to you? For example, backlog instead of todo; ...
-3
votes
1answer
111 views

Is an employee's use of his/her company's product outside of work considered dogfooding?

Suppose I work at Microsoft. I would probably write the bulk of my code using Visual Studio, which is one of Microsoft's most popular projects. Therefore, dogfooding. Now suppose I work at Netflix, ...
-3
votes
1answer
67 views

Is 'exercise bugs' an expression?

Is there an expression in programming that something will 'exercise bugs'? I have seen this written before but I don't know what it means.
2
votes
3answers
122 views

What is the difference between Static code analysis and code quality?

I need to know whether Static code analysis and code Quality are same or not because, I need to find out the tools for code quality and each time I google for it, I'm getting response for the tools ...
88
votes
4answers
8k views

Is there a term for unimplemented code that was written for someone else to fill in?

Sometimes in a programming exercise, boilerplate generation, putting guide rails around the tasks for a junior programmer to implement, etc., it happens that the programmer is presented unimplemented ...
8
votes
3answers
611 views

What Are The Specific Meanings Of The Terms: Functions, Methods, Procedures, and Subroutines?

I'm wondering what are the specific differences in the terminology we use for grouping related parts of code. I've sometimes seen the terms used interchangeably: many OO languages even use the keyword ...
22
votes
13answers
19k views

What's the term for “while(true)” loop with “break” inside? [closed]

Suppose I have a loop in C++ or C# that goes like this: while( true ) { doSomething(); if( condition() ) { break; } doSomethingElse(); } This is commonly called "infinite ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Which way are downstream and upstream services?

For a system that consist of multiple services calling each other (e.g. Front End -> Backend -> Storage), I often heard people using terminology such as "downstream" or "upstream" services. I'm not ...
8
votes
8answers
1k views

Is “truthiness” a legitimate programming term?

SO has quite a few questions using the word "truthiness" to mean the truth value of an expression, when evaluated as a boolean, regardless of its original type. It's very useful in dynamic languages. ...
0
votes
4answers
89 views

Word to unambiguously represent data used at the input to a template? [closed]

I asked this on english.stackexchange.com and did not get a satisfactory response. I am trying to come up with a very specific semantically narrow term for the information/data that fed into a ...
24
votes
4answers
15k views

What does it mean to say an algorithm is Sound and Complete?

I heard different interpretations of sound and complete. I understand that completeness means finding a solution if there is one. What does it mean to say an algorithm is sound. What does it mean ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Problem with understanding “seam” word

I'm reading "Dependency Injection in .NET" by Mark Seemann (it's fantastic, and must have) and the author often uses the word "seam". But I can't understand what it means. Here is an example of using ...
0
votes
2answers
200 views

General term for T[], T*, and T& [closed]

An array of T, a pointer to T, and a reference to T (represented as T[], T*, and T& respectively by Type.ToString) all share the similarity that they are constructed from an "element" type (which ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

What does “green implementation” mean? [closed]

Sometimes in source codes I see something like: // TODO: Do we assume searchChar is usually relatively small; // If so then calling toString() on it is better than reverting to // the ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Should “default constructor” mean the compiler-generated one and “no-argument constructor” mean one you create?

To me, the word "default" means what happens if I do nothing. So I feel that the "default constructor" should refer only to the one that the compiler provides if I do not write any. That makes it ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

What is the meaning of “static” in pseudo-code

This is a pseudo-code from "Artificial Intelligence: A modern approach" function Table-Driven-Agent(percept) returns action static: percepts, a sequence, initially empty table, a table, ...
0
votes
1answer
229 views

Is there a term for rewriting code from an interpreted language to a compiled one

I'm currently trying to turn some R code (interpreted language) into C code (a compiled language), and I need to explain what is being done and/or why. Does anybody know of a term/verb for this sort ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

What's the noun for the result of an iteration?

I'm commenting some code right now, and I'm looking for a word meaning the thing being iterated over. Iterator is an object performing an iteration, but what's the object that the iterator is ...
54
votes
3answers
120k views

Difference between Web API and Web Service?

I have heard about Web Services and Web API's a lot, is there any difference between them or are the same?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What are algorithmic paradigms?

We generally talk about paradigms of programming as functional, procedural, object oriented, imperative etc but what should I reply when I am asked the paradigms of algorithms? For example are ...
2
votes
3answers
236 views

Choosing an ubiquitous language across different bounded contexts

If my domain has several Bounded Contexts, but only ONE team will work on all contexts, should I develop an Ubiquitous language for each context? or should I have only one and force to into all ...
7
votes
1answer
193 views

Is there a term for splitting a function into “prep” and “do” halves?

I'm revisiting old code, and I noticed that the main logic is in one method, which is longer than I'd like (~60 lines). So I split it, and there's a natural seam on which to do so: the first half ...
-3
votes
2answers
183 views

What are the differences between operating systems and computer systems?

Wikipedia's definition of a "computer system" is: Computer system is define as the combination of hardware software user and data with referring to communication and procedure involved in between ...
4
votes
5answers
199 views

What is the difference expected but not desired behavior and a software bug

Recently I asked this question. As commented in the answer by someone who sounds like a numPy developer, this behavior is clearly not desired. The issue posted was closed stating that this is ...