Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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8
votes
1answer
318 views

What is “train” based development?

I ran across yet another new term in development methodology, and I haven't been able to find a definition for it. Specifically, it's called "train based development." Here are some examples of ...
23
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there an anti pattern for historically grown software? [closed]

Is there an anti pattern that describes a historically grown software system where multiple developers just added new features to the system but no one really kept an eye on the overall architecture ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Does commercial mean when you earn money by putting a ad to support you or is it something else like for a big company?

I been reading a few things about using libraries and stuff but they all talk about not using it for commercial purposes. Does commercial mean when you earn money by putting a ad to support you or is ...
4
votes
3answers
979 views

Difference between an architecture and a framework [closed]

A terminology question appeared when I was comparing EJB 3 and Spring. Wikipedia says that Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is a managed, server-side component architecture for modular construction ...
3
votes
1answer
328 views

Is there a name for the 'break n' construct?

In a conversation earlier this week I was discussing certain language features, and I realized I don't have a good word / phrase to describe a particular feature. Some languages, such as PHP, have a ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

How to convey your approach is faster than the built-in, alternative approaches? [closed]

Imagine you have a tool that's much faster than another one (built-in, alternative). You want to mention this in the description of the tool so people can see the point of your tool existing. By ...
2
votes
2answers
487 views

What is the meaning of bootstrapping in software development?

In some articles and books that I read, I some time see the term 'Bootstrapping'. For example I see this sentence "Bootstrapping X.JS" in angular js document: ...
0
votes
0answers
148 views

What is the purpose of chunking strings in natural language processing?

I see many examples of libraries that use a 'chunker' and also people asking how to write chunkers, but what is this for and why do we need it? Isn't it enough to split a text by whitespace or other ...
3
votes
6answers
449 views

Why are threads called threads?

I understand that a process a unit of resource ownership and executable instructions. Threads allow a process to share its resources with multiple executions, and it's easier for an OS to schedule ...
1
vote
3answers
254 views

What is dispatch? Does it imply dynamic resolution?

AFAIK, the term dispatch means just a method resolution and calling. It doesn't matter whether it is static or dynamic. I saw many people are using a term like static dispatch and dynamic dispatch. ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

What is casting supposed to mean?

When coding in low level languages like C I find that casting sometimes means 'reinterpret these bytes as if it had always been of this other type' and at other times as 'convert this value ...
0
votes
3answers
105 views

What are the proper terms for desk/user testing?

Is there a common and accepted term for the manual tests done by programmers or users on software in lieu of or in addition to automated testing? For example, in a progression as follows: "Desk ...
2
votes
3answers
478 views

What is an “abstraction layer”?

I need a very simple explanation because I'm not a professional programmer. I found the terminology "abstraction layer" reading the documentation of mysqli extension where is described the difference ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Terminalogy “Controller” in MVC and “ViewController” in IOS

While studying IOS, i generally come across viewcontroller. That gives me, confusion, if this "ViewController" has to do something with controller ( in MVC ) ? But how come both "view" and ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Term for an error when code is executed before its ajax response? [closed]

What's the term for an error caused by executing a block of code before its relevant ajax response has come back? e.g., a timeline: 13:00:01 execute getDataViaAjax(); 13:00:02 execute ...
0
votes
6answers
420 views

English term for “Naive user test” or “idiot test”

In usability testing, it's common to select a set of users who have never used the software before. I've heard this process described by programmers as the "idiot test", or sometimes "naive user ...
3
votes
3answers
910 views

What's the difference between a macro and a script? [closed]

Aren't both just a set of instructions that get executed by some interpreter? (contrary to a full-fledged program, which runs (gets executed) at some computer system?
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Choosing an ubiquitous language across different bounded contexts

If my domain has several Bounded Contexts, but only ONE team will work on all contexts, should I develop an Ubiquitous language for each context? or should I have only one and force to into all ...
7
votes
3answers
314 views

What is the name of the functional argument in fold

In the higher order function fold/reduce what is the name, if any, of the functional argument? I am working on a monadic tabular processing library where rows are folded to produce simple analyses ...
0
votes
2answers
216 views

Is there a special name for a condition which will break a loop if it increments a set number of times

Is there a name for including a limitation in a loop structure to prevent it from running if its primary condition becomes unwieldy. For example for (var i = 0; i < len; i++){ ...
1
vote
3answers
268 views

“state” or “status”? When should a variable name contain the word “state”, and when should a variable name instead contain the word “status”? [closed]

Reading code and discussions pertaining to code, I often see the words "state" and "status" used interchangeably, but the following tendencies seem to exist: When a variable holds a value intended ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

What does “testing surface” mean in the context of programming?

I encountered the following text in an article on the ModelViewPresenter pattern and my brain blue-screened: Passive View usually provides a larger testing surface than Supervising Controller ...
-1
votes
1answer
89 views

Term to describe keyword followed by statement block [closed]

Is there a general term to describe a keyword followed by a statement block? E.G. if() {statement block} while() {statement block} try{statement block} finally{statement block} Or even something ...
6
votes
2answers
580 views

Why “OOP” and not simply “Object Programming”?

Why do we say "Object-oriented programming" and not simply "Object programming"? Why do we speak of orientation in just this case, and not "Functionally-oriented programming" and so?
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Tree position terminology/naming [closed]

This is a naming things question. I am processing trees (XML documents), and there are often special rules applied to nodes based on structure. It's been very difficult coming up with concise naming ...
3
votes
5answers
565 views

What does the English word “for” exactly mean in “for” loops?

English is not my first language, but since the keywords in programming languages are English words, I usually find it easy to read source code as English sentences: if (x > 10) f(); => "If ...
1
vote
3answers
538 views

Are VB.NET to C# converters actually compilers?

Whenever I see programs or scripts that convert between high-level programming languages they are always labelled as converters. "VB.NET to C# converter" on Google results in expected, useful hits. ...
0
votes
2answers
592 views

Difference between bug, defect and flaw [duplicate]

I was reading "Software Security: Building Security In" and in the first chapter I faced with 3 terms: bug, defect and flaw. The author gave a definition for each of them but I couldn't completely ...
5
votes
2answers
407 views

Buzzword for “performance-aware” software development [closed]

There seems to be an overabundance of buzzwords for software development styles and methodologies: Agile development, extreme programming, test-driven development, etc... well, is there any sort of ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

When do you say “near ID” / “far ID” when using RTMFP in ActionScript 3?

I've been using RTMFP streaming for around a year in ActionScript 3, and I pretty much know the difference between a near ID and far ID. The near ID is your peer ID, and the far ID is the other guy's ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Is there a name for web applications that do most of the navigation on the client side?

Does the web industry have any standard or common name that refers specifically to web applications that don't use the conventional window-HTTP-navigation model, instead relying on mostly or wholly on ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

How to refer to <% in asp.net

I've realized that I refer to <%@ as 'angle bracket percent at' and <%$ as 'angle bracket percent dollar', But this is very clumsy. I think <%$ should be referred to as some sort of bind, ...
-1
votes
3answers
339 views

What would be a good “umbrella” term for HTML, CSS, SQL, JavaScript and the like? [closed]

There appears to be a pretty clear consensus on the question about whether HTML and CSS are programming languages. They are not. HTML is a markup language and CSS is a stylesheet language. You could ...
3
votes
2answers
562 views

What are the different meanings of 'fixture'?

I have some difficulty understanding the concept of "fixture". I know what a test suite is, a test case, a test run, but what exactly is a "fixture"? A parameterized test case? It seems to me that ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Defining and overriding open and closed intervals

I have been considering the following situation as part of documenting and interface (A) and an implementation (B) of that interface. The interface A contains methods which involve the following two ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Generic name for types and values [closed]

In computer science, what is the abstract common name of types and values (I mean an abstract "something" that can be a type or a value) ? To be more specific: If we have template <typename X> ...
4
votes
5answers
743 views

What is the name of this particular kind of over-engineering? [closed]

When faced with (even a small) project, I tend to fall into the following bad practice. I think about the structure of the problem. Then I create some base classes, derive from them and then derive ...
4
votes
4answers
216 views

Is there a name for the concept of a “cumulative checksum”?

Insofar as I understand it, tools like Git and Mercurial derive checksums from their data, and those checksums are used to derive other checksums used in aggregate, leading to a kind of accumulative ...
0
votes
1answer
329 views

Formal name for left/right-hand-side of an expression

Given an expression, such as int x = y + 5, we'd call int x the left-hand side (or LHS), and y + 5 the right-hand side (or RHS). The whole expression is called, of course, an expression (or equation), ...
0
votes
5answers
606 views

Changing a variable through a series of statements … What is this technique called?

I'm looking at a function that that has several statements like this: n = returnDifferentVersionOf(n); I.e., the value of the same variable n changes progressively several times during the course ...
13
votes
3answers
6k views

What are CPU registers?

This question has been bothering me for some time now and today I figured I would Google it. I've read some stuff about it and it seemed very similar to what I've always known as processor cache. Is ...
4
votes
3answers
502 views

Is there a term for reusing code by retyping it?

I built a prototype ("one to throw away") a while ago, and I'm rebuilding it now as an alpha. My goodness, it's been worth it. I reused some of the prototype code by copy-pasting then modifying it, ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

When did the term “snake case” come into use? [closed]

Many people use the term Snake Case to describe variables or other symbols with_the_form_of_underscores. In the past week, I've launched several broad searches. I can't find anything about the origin ...
2
votes
3answers
255 views

What is the difference between state and field? [closed]

Is state another name for field or is it something different? For example: private int telNumber; can I say about telNumber that it is a state or it is a field?
7
votes
2answers
12k views

What are the differences between functional, operational and technical requirements?

I have done tasks based on Java, but my seniors assigned me to collect requirements for creating a globalized bug tracking tool. I have read many types of requirements from Wikipedia and the ...
4
votes
2answers
577 views

What do you call parentheses operators?

In most programming languages documentation where they talk about operators +-*/=<> they also include ()[] as operators. There are unary operators, multiplicative operators, additive operators, ...
8
votes
3answers
387 views

What does it mean to “promote” a file?

I hear this term around the office, and know it's relevant to software development lifecycle. What does "promote" mean? Context: e.g. to promote a file.
-1
votes
2answers
184 views

What is the name of the part of the application, which manages people in general? [closed]

In each application there are concepts like users, customers, etc. and some part of the application tries to manage them. For example: 1. keeping the information of people, organizations, firms, etc. ...
8
votes
1answer
631 views

Is there an explicit word for non-abstract class?

I got mainly abstract classes in my project and there are a few other class which are using/inheriting them. When I'm writing the documentation I would like to specify that a part of it is just about ...
3
votes
1answer
256 views

Difference between trigger, handler and callback

It's current to see the terms callback, trigger and handler in some API documentations. It is just synonymous or each term correspond to a specific concept? I used to think that this terms are just ...