Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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22
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5answers
2k views

What specifically does expressive power refer to?

Expressive Power is defined by Wikipedia as: .. the breadth of ideas that can be represented and communicated in that language. Does "ideas" refer to the things (operations, structures, ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Help identify terminology for pattern substituion? [closed]

This is a badly titled question...maybe a moderator can make it better. Nearly two decades ago, I took a computer graphics class as an undergraduate. We got to do whatever we wanted for a final ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Checking negative of a condition

What is the (slightly pejorative) term for checking the negative of a condition (rather than the positive which is often more readable): e.g. if(!someVar) { return null; } else { return ...
-2
votes
1answer
358 views

What are the difference between: agent, actor, dataflow based programming? [closed]

What are the difference between the following terms? agent-based programming agent-based programming with microagents actor-based programming actor-based programming with lightweight actors dataflow ...
17
votes
1answer
750 views

Where did the notion of 'calling' a function come from?

I've always wondered why one calls a function as opposed to, for example, executing it. A Google search for function call etymology and similar terms turns up nothing useful, Wikipedia doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

What's a “Polymorphic method”?

Sometimes people use the phrase "Polymorphic method/function". Does it mean: A method that takes a Polymorphic type as a parameter, and performs some operation on it. By "Polymorphic type" I mean a ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

What do you call a problem caused by a design flaw [closed]

Is there any terminology for a problem that is caused by a previous wrong decision? For example you build your own framework, with a flawed MVC design. This in turn leads to weird situations when ...
-3
votes
3answers
170 views

What is the verb for “to make something into a plugin”? [closed]

What is the verb for "to make something into a plugin"? Example use: "Developer can you make Module Foo into a plugin?". "Yes sir, I can some verb Module Foo". Terms I have considered: pluginify, ...
2
votes
1answer
427 views

What is the Controller in Django MVC?

Learning Django MVC and the way I thought of it is: Models are the database tables represented in Django as Python classes. Views are the HTML returned from function in views.py. Controllers are the ...
0
votes
2answers
421 views

Does the pattern of passing in one object instead of many parameters to a constructor have a name?

If you have a constructor that takes a lot of parameters, like this: public OrgUnitsHalRepresentation(List<OrgUnitSummaryHalRepresentation> orgUnitSummaryHalRepresentationList, int count, ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Showing the structure of the program (menu) as a tree - does it a have name?

In my thesis, I want to show the structure of the program, like this: > Menu --- Settings ---- Audio ---- ... > ---- Video > > --- Perform ---- Calculation ...
3
votes
1answer
339 views

Is there a term for this coding practice?

One of the incidental complexities of introducing features to an existing system is that the programmer often has to touch several areas of code that are not immediately adjacent. Over the long haul ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Are the required parameters of a function called dependencies?

I'm studying dependency injection and I want to know if required function parameters can be considered dependencies. I'd just like to make sure before I go around referring to them dependencies and ...
0
votes
2answers
334 views

Terminology: queue versus fifo

When referring to or documenting a typical lock-free circular data structure (or class or object) used to communicate between arbitrarily long asynchronous threads or processors: "queue", "fifo" or ...
1
vote
2answers
340 views

Why is it called a memory leak?

I am a hobbyist programmer, bit of a stickler for terminology, currently learning C and recently came across the concept of Memory Leak. Now, I do understand what it means. Dynamic memory allocated to ...
27
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the origin of the negative term “legacy code”

Everyone talks about legacy code in software development and I have heard the term over the last ten years used to paint any codebase as being bad. Where did this term, which has such powerful ...
0
votes
3answers
236 views

Is there a common programming term for the problems of adding features to an already-featureful program?

I'm looking for a commonly used programming term to describe a software-engineering phenomenon, which (for lack of a better way to describe it) I'll illustrate first with a couple of ...
19
votes
3answers
16k views

Programming Language vs Markup Language vs Scripting Language

Up until now I don't know the KEY differences between these three. When someone asks me about this, I only tell them that C# is a programming language, HTML and XML are Markup Languages, and ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Is it correct to call the assignment symbol an “operator” when it is actually a statement?

In some languages (C++, Java, Ruby, etc.) an assignment returns a value and can be used in an expression: x = (y = z); // ok, 'x' gets the value of 'z' In other languages (Ada, VHDL), an ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Is there a name for this technique in testing? [closed]

When I've written tests for some code and want to make sure that it's actually testing what it's supposed to, I'll mess up or remove the code-under-test, and see if the tests fail. If they don't, I've ...
1
vote
2answers
455 views

Describe business logic with diagrams

I am currently developing a web application for my thesis.I was asked by my professor to make diagrams to describe the business logic. Since I don't have a prior experience, I am pretty confused with ...
9
votes
4answers
6k views

What does it mean when data is scalar?

I don't know what scalar means exactly, but I'm trying to see if I'm thinking about it correctly. Does scalar relate to arbitrariness where the type of data could be any type, or a system is not able ...
0
votes
5answers
217 views

Computer Science and the IT industry [duplicate]

I have a Computer Science degree and I'm employed as a software engineer. I'm regularly approached by recruiters on LinkedIn with "programmer", "software developer", or general "software and/or ...
-1
votes
1answer
241 views

Is there a purely technical term for 'monkey patching' [closed]

EDIT The original title of the question was Is there a non-derogatory term for 'monkey patching'. As I have learned that the term is actually not derogatory, or is at least not meant to be, I changed ...
-1
votes
2answers
160 views

Kibibtye or Kilobyte to represent 1024 bytes [closed]

I am working on a project with several older programmer and we were doing up the documentation of the program when I had a heated debate with one of the older programmers regarding the term : ...
0
votes
1answer
254 views

What is meant by change the main routine? The C Programming Language

In exercise 1-16 in The C Programming Language (K & R) it asks for us to: revise the main routine of the longest-line program so it will correctly print the length of arbitrary long input lines, ...
0
votes
2answers
147 views

What do we call the process of changing hard-coded codes into soft-coded codes? [closed]

Is there a specific term to call the process of modifying hard-coded codes into soft-coded codes? I have to report what I am doing to the Project manager, shall I just put "modifying hard-coded codes ...
-1
votes
2answers
194 views

Is there a specific term for the variable in a `foreach` construct?

Does the variable used for iteration in a foreach loop have a more specific term than simply 'the foreach variable?' Especially to differentiate it from the collection variable? E.g. item in foreach ...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

In an if statement, what are an “if clause” and a “then clause”?

I am a bit confused about the nomenclature for the parts of an if statement. Consider the following example: 1: if condition then 2: statement_1; 3: else 4: statement_2; 5: end if; ...
2
votes
2answers
285 views

What is the word to describe languages that have classes and inheritance?

What is the word used to describe the type of programming languages that provide explicit syntax for defining classes and that support inheritance? For example: "A ______ language, such as C++, Java, ...
8
votes
1answer
349 views

What is “train” based development?

I ran across yet another new term in development methodology, and I haven't been able to find a definition for it. Specifically, it's called "train based development." Here are some examples of ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an anti pattern for historically grown software? [closed]

Is there an anti pattern that describes a historically grown software system where multiple developers just added new features to the system but no one really kept an eye on the overall architecture ...
2
votes
2answers
371 views

Does commercial mean when you earn money by putting a ad to support you or is it something else like for a big company?

I been reading a few things about using libraries and stuff but they all talk about not using it for commercial purposes. Does commercial mean when you earn money by putting a ad to support you or is ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between an architecture and a framework [closed]

A terminology question appeared when I was comparing EJB 3 and Spring. Wikipedia says that Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is a managed, server-side component architecture for modular construction ...
2
votes
1answer
420 views

Is there a name for the 'break n' construct?

In a conversation earlier this week I was discussing certain language features, and I realized I don't have a good word / phrase to describe a particular feature. Some languages, such as PHP, have a ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

How to convey your approach is faster than the built-in, alternative approaches? [closed]

Imagine you have a tool that's much faster than another one (built-in, alternative). You want to mention this in the description of the tool so people can see the point of your tool existing. By ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of bootstrapping in software development?

In some articles and books that I read, I some time see the term 'Bootstrapping'. For example I see this sentence "Bootstrapping X.JS" in angular js document: ...
0
votes
0answers
225 views

What is the purpose of chunking strings in natural language processing?

I see many examples of libraries that use a 'chunker' and also people asking how to write chunkers, but what is this for and why do we need it? Isn't it enough to split a text by whitespace or other ...
4
votes
6answers
675 views

Why are threads called threads?

I understand that a process a unit of resource ownership and executable instructions. Threads allow a process to share its resources with multiple executions, and it's easier for an OS to schedule ...
1
vote
3answers
681 views

What is dispatch? Does it imply dynamic resolution?

AFAIK, the term dispatch means just a method resolution and calling. It doesn't matter whether it is static or dynamic. I saw many people are using a term like static dispatch and dynamic dispatch. ...
16
votes
4answers
4k views

What is casting supposed to mean?

When coding in low level languages like C I find that casting sometimes means 'reinterpret these bytes as if it had always been of this other type' and at other times as 'convert this value ...
0
votes
3answers
111 views

What are the proper terms for desk/user testing?

Is there a common and accepted term for the manual tests done by programmers or users on software in lieu of or in addition to automated testing? For example, in a progression as follows: "Desk ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

What is an “abstraction layer”?

I need a very simple explanation because I'm not a professional programmer. I found the terminology "abstraction layer" reading the documentation of mysqli extension where is described the difference ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Terminalogy “Controller” in MVC and “ViewController” in IOS

While studying IOS, i generally come across viewcontroller. That gives me, confusion, if this "ViewController" has to do something with controller ( in MVC ) ? But how come both "view" and ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Term for an error when code is executed before its ajax response? [closed]

What's the term for an error caused by executing a block of code before its relevant ajax response has come back? e.g., a timeline: 13:00:01 execute getDataViaAjax(); 13:00:02 execute ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What's the difference between a macro and a script? [closed]

Aren't both just a set of instructions that get executed by some interpreter? (contrary to a full-fledged program, which runs (gets executed) at some computer system?
2
votes
2answers
199 views

Choosing an ubiquitous language across different bounded contexts

If my domain has several Bounded Contexts, but only ONE team will work on all contexts, should I develop an Ubiquitous language for each context? or should I have only one and force to into all ...
7
votes
3answers
329 views

What is the name of the functional argument in fold

In the higher order function fold/reduce what is the name, if any, of the functional argument? I am working on a monadic tabular processing library where rows are folded to produce simple analyses ...
0
votes
2answers
229 views

Is there a special name for a condition which will break a loop if it increments a set number of times

Is there a name for including a limitation in a loop structure to prevent it from running if its primary condition becomes unwieldy. For example for (var i = 0; i < len; i++){ ...
2
votes
3answers
341 views

“state” or “status”? When should a variable name contain the word “state”, and when should a variable name instead contain the word “status”? [closed]

Reading code and discussions pertaining to code, I often see the words "state" and "status" used interchangeably, but the following tendencies seem to exist: When a variable holds a value intended ...