Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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-1
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3answers
385 views

What would be a good “umbrella” term for HTML, CSS, SQL, JavaScript and the like? [closed]

There appears to be a pretty clear consensus on the question about whether HTML and CSS are programming languages. They are not. HTML is a markup language and CSS is a stylesheet language. You could ...
3
votes
2answers
826 views

What are the different meanings of 'fixture'?

I have some difficulty understanding the concept of "fixture". I know what a test suite is, a test case, a test run, but what exactly is a "fixture"? A parameterized test case? It seems to me that ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Defining and overriding open and closed intervals

I have been considering the following situation as part of documenting and interface (A) and an implementation (B) of that interface. The interface A contains methods which involve the following two ...
0
votes
1answer
175 views

Generic name for types and values [closed]

In computer science, what is the abstract common name of types and values (I mean an abstract "something" that can be a type or a value) ? To be more specific: If we have template <typename X> ...
4
votes
5answers
760 views

What is the name of this particular kind of over-engineering? [closed]

When faced with (even a small) project, I tend to fall into the following bad practice. I think about the structure of the problem. Then I create some base classes, derive from them and then derive ...
4
votes
4answers
235 views

Is there a name for the concept of a “cumulative checksum”?

Insofar as I understand it, tools like Git and Mercurial derive checksums from their data, and those checksums are used to derive other checksums used in aggregate, leading to a kind of accumulative ...
0
votes
1answer
378 views

Formal name for left/right-hand-side of an expression

Given an expression, such as int x = y + 5, we'd call int x the left-hand side (or LHS), and y + 5 the right-hand side (or RHS). The whole expression is called, of course, an expression (or equation), ...
0
votes
5answers
609 views

Changing a variable through a series of statements … What is this technique called?

I'm looking at a function that that has several statements like this: n = returnDifferentVersionOf(n); I.e., the value of the same variable n changes progressively several times during the course ...
14
votes
3answers
8k views

What are CPU registers?

This question has been bothering me for some time now and today I figured I would Google it. I've read some stuff about it and it seemed very similar to what I've always known as processor cache. Is ...
4
votes
3answers
507 views

Is there a term for reusing code by retyping it?

I built a prototype ("one to throw away") a while ago, and I'm rebuilding it now as an alpha. My goodness, it's been worth it. I reused some of the prototype code by copy-pasting then modifying it, ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

When did the term “snake case” come into use? [closed]

Many people use the term Snake Case to describe variables or other symbols with_the_form_of_underscores. In the past week, I've launched several broad searches. I can't find anything about the origin ...
2
votes
3answers
263 views

What is the difference between state and field? [closed]

Is state another name for field or is it something different? For example: private int telNumber; can I say about telNumber that it is a state or it is a field?
7
votes
2answers
15k views

What are the differences between functional, operational and technical requirements?

I have done tasks based on Java, but my seniors assigned me to collect requirements for creating a globalized bug tracking tool. I have read many types of requirements from Wikipedia and the ...
4
votes
2answers
712 views

What do you call parentheses operators?

In most programming languages documentation where they talk about operators +-*/=<> they also include ()[] as operators. There are unary operators, multiplicative operators, additive operators, ...
8
votes
3answers
411 views

What does it mean to “promote” a file?

I hear this term around the office, and know it's relevant to software development lifecycle. What does "promote" mean? Context: e.g. to promote a file.
-1
votes
2answers
185 views

What is the name of the part of the application, which manages people in general? [closed]

In each application there are concepts like users, customers, etc. and some part of the application tries to manage them. For example: 1. keeping the information of people, organizations, firms, etc. ...
8
votes
1answer
633 views

Is there an explicit word for non-abstract class?

I got mainly abstract classes in my project and there are a few other class which are using/inheriting them. When I'm writing the documentation I would like to specify that a part of it is just about ...
3
votes
1answer
359 views

Difference between trigger, handler and callback

It's current to see the terms callback, trigger and handler in some API documentations. It is just synonymous or each term correspond to a specific concept? I used to think that this terms are just ...
0
votes
1answer
308 views

Is the “jQuery programming style” a kind of Reactive programming?

jQuery is a Javascript library and framework, but when we are programming with jQuery into DOM problems/solutions, we can practice a style quite different of programming... We can read about jQuery ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Distinction between API and frontend-backend

I'm trying to write a "standard" business web site. By "standard", I mean this site runs the usual HTML5, CSS and Javascript for the front-end, a back-end (to process stuff), and runs MySQL for the ...
3
votes
2answers
17k views

What is the difference between Enterprise Java vs Core Java? [duplicate]

I have some experience in programming in Java but wondering if someone could explain what is the difference between Enterprise Java vs Core Java? Someone asked me a question on whether I use ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

terminologies and design/process clarification

I work at a BPO, actually a call center. My bosses saw the html tool I made to help me document customer concerns and steps I made to help them faster and more easy. With that, they made me the ...
5
votes
3answers
278 views

What does “extreme” in “extreme programming” (XP) refers to?

"Extreme" suggests that it has very different from normal, very aggressive, exceeding limits, but in my opinion regular releases, pair programming, unit testing, collaboration with customers are quite ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Is there an equivalent term for Desktop Monitoring Recorder such as NVR or DVR?

Just like NVR (Network Video Recorder) and DVR (Digital Video Recorder), I was wondering if there's a term / acronym for Desktop Monitoring Recorder? Perhaps DMR? I can't find any standard terms for ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Is “regular” a technical term for a grammar?

Reading the Go language specs, I read in the intro: "The grammar is compact and regular, allowing for easy analysis by automatic tools such as integrated development environments." Is the word ...
0
votes
2answers
288 views

What does “deploy to a physical machine” mean

I was asked whether I've ever "deployed to a physical machine" and I'm seeing this terminology when googling, but not getting a definition. What does it mean? What other way could someone deploy an ...
-3
votes
2answers
290 views

What is the name of a grammar which can change its tokenizer in mid parse?

I was creating a language and discovered that my language tokenizer would have to change depending where in the parse it is. I.e. abc[1] would be parsed as 4 tokens (abc, [, 1, ]), where as { abc[1] ...
12
votes
6answers
920 views

Jargon to describe unnecessary running of code? [closed]

Some code works but it runs an unnecessarily large fraction of the code in many cases, though that extra code is still required sometimes. Better preprocessing, simple stoppers and conditional ...
3
votes
2answers
172 views

Is there a name for the school of thought behind writing tests? [closed]

Essentially it is a branch of software engineering but SE itself is too large an umbrella. I was curious if there was a title for the knowledge base that encompasses TDD, BDD, mocks/stubs/spys, unit ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

What's the meaning of term context in programming

I was looking through some Objective C docs.. and got this : UIGraphicsBeginImageContext : Creates a bitmap-based graphics context and makes it the current context. Also, the same term is ...
3
votes
2answers
532 views

How did the term “hypervisor” come into use?

I've read about the "hypervisor" in hardware virtualization. VMs are not my area, so I can't quite see where the term came from. THe wikipedia article talks about how "the hardware's supervisor ...
6
votes
5answers
7k views

Is there any difference between pointers and references? [duplicate]

References and pointers do the same thing as I know. Is there any difference between them? If there is no difference, why we call them reference not pointer?
0
votes
4answers
791 views

What does it mean to perform an operation “In Place” for Interpreted Languages?

Programming question: Reverse words in a string (words are separated by one or more spaces). Now do it in-place. What does "in-place" mean in the above context for an interpreted language ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

What is it called when you're developing a web application where every url has its own php file

What is it called when you aren't using an MVC framework and each URL has it's own file associated with it. I want to say it's model 0 or class 0 but I haven't been able to find anything useful via ...
21
votes
6answers
2k views

How can I say that programming language compiles to other languages?

How can I say in english, that programming language can be compiled to other programming languages? The example can be Haxe. On the website the language is decribed as "Multiplatform": ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Proper name for a project supports 2 different release

Is there a technical name for a software project where the current and prior stable releases are both maintained?
1
vote
2answers
945 views

Why is SIT called SIT when it serves for system testing?

I should define a testing strategy and environments and I have encountered rather terminology issue (but might well be my fault) so I hope someone will correct me here. We are using INT environment ...
4
votes
5answers
923 views

Term for accidental features [closed]

Despite the best intentions of programmers; oftentimes, in the real world, software systems contain "accidental features" that are accepted as part of a working system. For example, there may be ...
34
votes
10answers
4k views

What is the difference between “Syntax” and “Syntactic Sugar”

Background The Wikipedia page on Syntactic Sugar states: In computer science, syntactic sugar is syntax within a programming language that is designed to make things easier to read or to express. ...
21
votes
5answers
2k views

What's the word for an operation that can be applied multiple times and never change state beyond the initial application?

I'm trying to remember a word, I think it's related to computational or database theory. The closest synonym is atomic but that's not exactly it. Basically it's a kind of computation that should ...
7
votes
3answers
559 views

What is the difference between a stock-hardware and a micro-coded machine in “A Critique of Common Lisp”?

I was reading this article: A Critique of Common Lisp and finding it hard to make out the precise definition of "stock-hardware machine" and its difference with "micro-coded" machines. I tried to ...
6
votes
1answer
284 views

Term for a Class with Multiple Interfaces

Say I have a class that implements multiple interfaces. I pass the same instance around using a different interface, depending on what the consumer is interested in. I am trying to remember what this ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Object-Oriented Programming: Why “Oriented”?

I am most of the way through my games programming degree. This is not a computer science degree, so a lot of the theory is eschewed in favour of practical portfolio building and what I see as JIT ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

Is there a name for this kind of database constraint? “Functional foreign key”? And is it a good idea?

Say we want to enforce that a table represents a tree. I have found this method for doing so: create table tree ( id integer[] primary key, parent integer[] references tree (id), item text not ...
11
votes
4answers
11k views

The difference between “concurrent” and “parallel” execution?

What is the difference between the terms concurrent and parallel execution? I've never quite been able to grasp the distinction. The tag defines concurrency as a manner of running two processes ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is black box called functional testing when it tests also non functional?

This has been bothering me for a while. Security, performance tests etc. are all done typically using the black box approach. But these are nonfunctional,while black box is called functional testing. ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the term 'Front-End' synonymous with 'Client-Side'? If so, is this always the case?

As a relatively new (self-taught) web developer, I've heard the terms front-end, client-side, back-end, and server-side quite often. To me, front-end and back-end were always synonymous with ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Terminology for class

I am integrating with a Financial Management System (FMS). I have a class that prepares a set of objects (each of these objects is called a TransactionEntity). These are then passed to the FMS. I give ...
0
votes
6answers
345 views

Does it make sense and is it to acceptable to say “.NET code”? [closed]

There is C# code, VB.NET code... Can I also say ".NET code" as an umbrella term that covers all the languages you can use with the .NET framework? I've seen people using it as well as people saying ...
0
votes
3answers
450 views

Is there an accepted name for a fake object injected via a preprocessor seam?

I am dealing with some old, sloppy C++ code in which there is a structure with a lot of data members and functions. I want to test a class that I have implemented which uses the struct, but this ...