Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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4
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5answers
952 views

Term for accidental features [closed]

Despite the best intentions of programmers; oftentimes, in the real world, software systems contain "accidental features" that are accepted as part of a working system. For example, there may be ...
35
votes
10answers
5k views

What is the difference between “Syntax” and “Syntactic Sugar”

Background The Wikipedia page on Syntactic Sugar states: In computer science, syntactic sugar is syntax within a programming language that is designed to make things easier to read or to express. ...
21
votes
5answers
2k views

What's the word for an operation that can be applied multiple times and never change state beyond the initial application?

I'm trying to remember a word, I think it's related to computational or database theory. The closest synonym is atomic but that's not exactly it. Basically it's a kind of computation that should ...
7
votes
3answers
594 views

What is the difference between a stock-hardware and a micro-coded machine in “A Critique of Common Lisp”?

I was reading this article: A Critique of Common Lisp and finding it hard to make out the precise definition of "stock-hardware machine" and its difference with "micro-coded" machines. I tried to ...
6
votes
1answer
290 views

Term for a Class with Multiple Interfaces

Say I have a class that implements multiple interfaces. I pass the same instance around using a different interface, depending on what the consumer is interested in. I am trying to remember what this ...
13
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3answers
1k views

Object-Oriented Programming: Why “Oriented”?

I am most of the way through my games programming degree. This is not a computer science degree, so a lot of the theory is eschewed in favour of practical portfolio building and what I see as JIT ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Is there a name for this kind of database constraint? “Functional foreign key”? And is it a good idea?

Say we want to enforce that a table represents a tree. I have found this method for doing so: create table tree ( id integer[] primary key, parent integer[] references tree (id), item text not ...
15
votes
5answers
16k views

The difference between “concurrent” and “parallel” execution?

What is the difference between the terms concurrent and parallel execution? I've never quite been able to grasp the distinction. The tag defines concurrency as a manner of running two processes ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is black box called functional testing when it tests also non functional?

This has been bothering me for a while. Security, performance tests etc. are all done typically using the black box approach. But these are nonfunctional,while black box is called functional testing. ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Is the term 'Front-End' synonymous with 'Client-Side'? If so, is this always the case?

As a relatively new (self-taught) web developer, I've heard the terms front-end, client-side, back-end, and server-side quite often. To me, front-end and back-end were always synonymous with ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Terminology for class

I am integrating with a Financial Management System (FMS). I have a class that prepares a set of objects (each of these objects is called a TransactionEntity). These are then passed to the FMS. I give ...
0
votes
6answers
346 views

Does it make sense and is it to acceptable to say “.NET code”? [closed]

There is C# code, VB.NET code... Can I also say ".NET code" as an umbrella term that covers all the languages you can use with the .NET framework? I've seen people using it as well as people saying ...
1
vote
3answers
509 views

Is there an accepted name for a fake object injected via a preprocessor seam?

I am dealing with some old, sloppy C++ code in which there is a structure with a lot of data members and functions. I want to test a class that I have implemented which uses the struct, but this ...
9
votes
2answers
515 views

What is 'code skew'?

In the O'Reilly book on Scala, I read that copy-pasting of code creates: ... creates issues of code-bloat, maintainability and skew, I can't see any obvious definitions of the word skew in ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Is it called an instance in Javascript?

Say I have a function. function foo(){ //do stuff } And then I create an object of that function. var fooObj = new foo(); What is fooObj called? An instance, An object instance, or something ...
6
votes
1answer
832 views

Terminology: Really Delete vs set IsDeleted (“soft delete”) flag

I have a site where a regular user can delete records, where what happens is that an IsDeleted flag gets set. On administrative pages, a privileged user can delete records where an actual SQL DELETE ...
36
votes
3answers
3k views

Why are actual parameters called “arguments”?

Where does the word "argument" (in the programming sense) come from? i.e. Why are actual parameters called "arguments"? The meanings don't seem related, and I haven't found any explanation of it ...
74
votes
4answers
26k views

IPv4 to IPv6. where is IPv5?

As all of us know that after IPv4 it came IPv6. How this transition happened? I just want to know was there any IPv5 also? or there is any other logic in naming this version of IP as IPv6?
4
votes
1answer
274 views

Name for a bug that disappears when someone else looks at it [closed]

Does anyone know of an existing name for a bug that disappears the moment you call someone over to look at it? It's a funny phenomenon, but it has happened from time to time that I'm working on a bug ...
4
votes
2answers
127 views

Formal term to web-ify a piece of existing software or program or a module? [closed]

There is a software we run as a windows service. Its currently not designed to take a huge load. So we kind of need this service to be hosted over http so that multiple clients can make use of it. Its ...
-2
votes
3answers
221 views

terms for the html/css/javascript model?

Are there any words for the design model implemented by HTML + CSS + JavaScript, either for that specific set of technologies or any abstract pattern that they follow?
36
votes
10answers
3k views

Why is Today() an example of an impure function?

It seems like, when reading something like this Wikipedia article about "pure functions", they list Today() as an example of an impure function but it seems pretty pure to me. Is it because there is ...
0
votes
2answers
181 views

Client-side oriented website approach name (less server-side code, more client-side code)

I have a terminology question. I was searching about tips to design a website that is using less server-side code and more client-side code, and realized I don't really know which exact term to ...
2
votes
1answer
490 views

Where did the T in wchar_t come from?

In many native types, a common suffix (and sometimes prefix) of t or _t is used to denote platform-independent types (such as wchar_t, int32_t, etc.) What was the logic behind the letter t as opposed ...
4
votes
2answers
19k views

What's the difference between fault, error and defect? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Difference between defect and bug in testing In computer science technical writing, especially in software engineering, what's the difference between fault, error and ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

terminology for upward devolution from modules to framework

Is there a word for the problem of a framework becoming married to the software modules it supports, for example adding methods to a base class that may apply only to certain subclasses or use cases? ...
12
votes
2answers
800 views

Where does the the term “feature creep” come from?

There is a decent Wikipedia article on the "Feature Creep", but it doesn't state an origin. A Google search only leads to some vague article claiming "Earl Rich" coined the term, but there isn't much ...
4
votes
3answers
190 views

Name for sanitizing at the right time?

Recently we had an issue on our site where someone attempted SQL injection via a cookie (we'll call it lastID). NOC was in a frenzy and angry about how the cookie as an attack vector could be ...
22
votes
10answers
37k views

Relationship between user story, feature, and epic?

As someone whose still new to agile, I'm not sure I completely understand the relationship or difference between a user story, feature, and epic. According to this question, a feature is a collection ...
0
votes
1answer
761 views

Are there differences between Functionality and Functional Requirements [closed]

I'm writing some documentation in a project in a tool. In this tool of mine, and write in specific area, I have here use Case, Business Rule, N-Diagram Types, and Functionality and Functional ...
5
votes
3answers
581 views

How can I create and manage permissions more dynamically?

I want to implement a security system into my web-based Intranet application which allows security administrators to 'fine-tune' exactly what type of access a user/role has to an object. For example, ...
5
votes
3answers
343 views

Is “frontend” generic term or it is used only in web design?

When I read about frontends, it always mentiones webpages. Can it be used in different contexts, e.g. desktop applications?
3
votes
3answers
149 views

Choosing a proper wording for referring compiler errors

Consider someone is writing a message (or a question at StackOverflow). The context is following: In my code, I have the following line: int foo = Bar(); However, the compiler returns an ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the meaning and usage of the term “ROM” different in different devices?

ROM - Read Only Memory Does this term mean the memory which should only be read and not written to , or the memory which can only be read ? "ROM in PC's and laptops are usually seperate chips in the ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the difference between “recursion” and “self-reference”?

The wikipedia articles are too advanced for me to understand, could someone give me a simple explanation please?
0
votes
1answer
197 views

How we call an RPC that not only calls external functions but also updates data structures?

I have a simple C++ RPC that lets you have remote class instances that support live members (data structures) update as well as method calls. For example I had a class declared like this (pseudocode): ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

I've been told HTML is a markup language, C++ is a programming language, what could make that difference?

My programming friends are always telling me that HTML is a markup language and C++ is a programming language. When I ask them what's the difference, they never give me a reasonable answer. What ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What are Web runtime environments and programming languages

I've been looking into the details behind these two different categories: Web runtime environments Web application programming languages I believe I have the correct information and have phrased ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Term for a single C++ endpoint/object file

I have heard several terms for a C++ "Codepoint" (which is what I've heard used the most often), or a .cpp file that is compiled into an object file. For instance, .cpp files can include other .cpp ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

To map - word usage in software context

I always get confused about how to use the verb "to map" in the context of associating objects with each other, particularly if the mapping is directional. Is there a distinction between mapping ...
4
votes
2answers
194 views

Amnesic Environment [closed]

My team is looking for a technical term which may or may not exist. We are trying to describe an environment, such as a database, which has been built up over time with little or documentation ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

What is meant by 4 GL?

I came across the term 4GL(generation language) in reading about Oracle ADF Busniess components . I want to know what exactly is 4GL ? This is the actual quote from the book Oracle Fusion Guide: ...
6
votes
1answer
280 views

Is there a well grounded theory on backward and forward compatibility of formats, languages, grammars and vocabularies?

I have a friend who has the specific problem of building a case against the use of a custom HTML <wrapper> tag in some site's markup. Now, intuitively we can answer that use of such a tag is ...
2
votes
1answer
455 views

What does “polyadic” mean in the context of functional programming and type systems?

And how does it (or does not) correspond to "polymorphic"? Occasionally I see this notion like in: Implement and represent polyadic operations. I checked Wiktionary but it only gives a general ...
5
votes
4answers
361 views

Is there tool agnostic terminology for source control activities?

My team is entering into some discussions on source control (process and possibly tools) and we would like a tool agnostic terminology for the various activities. The environment does have multiple ...
0
votes
2answers
251 views

What is a “complimentary license” for a software product? [closed]

I don't really understand the term. I got a survey about either getting gift card or a complimentary license for a SDK control set. But I really wonder what's complimentary license means? I tried ...
1
vote
3answers
688 views

should I extend or create instance of the class

I have two classes Class A and Class B in Class A, i have three methods that perform the save, delete and select operation based upon the object I pass them. in Class B I perform the logic operations, ...
5
votes
3answers
538 views

Where does the term “Front End” come from?

Where does the term "front-end" come from? Is there a particular presentation/talk/job-posting which is regarded as the first use of the term? Is someone credited with coining the term? The ...
1
vote
5answers
284 views

Is there a term for “Use procedures that execute a single task”? [closed]

I'm having a discussion with a fellow developer, and I'm trying to argument this in something like a short "term". SoC (Separation of Concerns) is pretty straight forward design practice, but it ...
3
votes
3answers
350 views

Is there a name for this functional programming construct/pattern?

I wrote a function and I'd like to find out if it is an implementation of some functional programming pattern or construct. I'd like to find out the name of this pattern or construct (if it exists)? ...