Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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7
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316 views

What is the name of the functional argument in fold

In the higher order function fold/reduce what is the name, if any, of the functional argument? I am working on a monadic tabular processing library where rows are folded to produce simple analyses ...
7
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2answers
225 views

When we talk about 'a closure' do we refer to a single variable, or do we refer to all 'closed' variables?

Let's take the following (JavaScript) code that returns a function that closes over variables x and y to illustrate: function test() { var x = Math.random(); var y = Math.random(); var f = ...
7
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4answers
554 views

“Pythonic” equivalent term for code written in modern C++ style? [closed]

There's a lot of good idioms promoted in modern C++. These include RAII and elegant use of boost or STL or a std::algorithm to solve a given problem. Just like you can write C in any language, you ...
7
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6answers
324 views

Is there a term for quasi-open source proprietary software?

Say a company wants to keep development of new features of a piece of software internal, but wants to make the source code for previous versions public, up to and including existing public features, ...
7
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2answers
13k views

What are the differences between functional, operational and technical requirements?

I have done tasks based on Java, but my seniors assigned me to collect requirements for creating a globalized bug tracking tool. I have read many types of requirements from Wikipedia and the ...
7
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3answers
3k views

Is INT_MIN-1 an underflow or overflow?

I seem to remember that I was reading that underflow means you have a too small magnitude that cannot be presented anymore in a type overflow means you have a too large magnitude that cannot be ...
7
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3answers
690 views

Did concept of ViewModel exist before MVVM?

Today I was having a discussion with a colleague that ViewModel is a general concept and existed before MVVM pattern. I believe ViewModel term is used anytime you create a class with Model like ...
7
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1answer
710 views

Problem with understanding “seam” word

I'm reading "Dependency Injection in .NET" of Mark Seemann (it's fantastic, and must have) and author often uses word "SEAM", but I can't understand what does it means? Here is an example of using ...
7
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5answers
337 views

Uncomfortable terminology

I couldn't imagine using terminology like "code smell", scrum "chickens", "pigs" at my workplace. These types of terms just wouldn't fit in to my environment. My co-workers would look at me, and tell ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Why is the code section called a text section?

The section of an executable that contains code is sometimes called the .text section. In segmented memory architectures, a segment mapped as code is sometimes called a text segment. The unix error ...
7
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1answer
202 views

Need help with naming (marshaling interface calls) [closed]

This question was reopened on "English Language & Usage": http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/53683/synonyms-for-multiplexing-and-demultiplexing/ This question is related to something ...
6
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10answers
416 views

What do I call people who extend my class in base class documentation?

Been calling them "implementers", but it seems weird to me. /// <summary> /// Implementers should implement this. Derp /// </summary> protected abstract void InternalExecute(); A point ...
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4answers
2k views

Who was the first software engineer?

It's fairly well known who the first programmer was but who was or were the first software engineer(s)? By software engineer I mean someone who uses formalized specifications and methods to deliver ...
6
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5answers
6k views

Is there any difference between pointers and references? [duplicate]

References and pointers do the same thing as I know. Is there any difference between them? If there is no difference, why we call them reference not pointer?
6
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11answers
523 views

What should I call the process of converting an object to a string?

We are having a game of 'semantic football' in the office over this matter: I am writing a method for an object which will represent the object as a string. That string should be such that when typed ...
6
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9answers
3k views

What is exactly the meaning of “portability”?

I know very well that java is a portable language..and it is the byte-code that makes it portable.. However I've studied also that C is a portable language. "The programs written in C are portable ...
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7answers
1k views

Is there an opposite for the term “Backporting”?

As I understand, the term "Backporting" is used to describe a fix which is applied in a future version which is also ported to a previous version. Wikipedia definition is as follows: Backporting ...
6
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1answer
644 views

Origin of the programming language term “boxing”? [closed]

What was the first programming environment (probably language) to use the words "boxing" and "unboxing" to indicate encapsulating a primitive type in some kind of wrapper to allow it to be used in ...
6
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4answers
730 views

Why is an array of characters called a String in Object Oriented languages? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Etymology of “String” I was talking to my non-technical wife about my workday and she was confused as to why I was talking about strings. In her mind, a ...
6
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2answers
239 views

In open source jargon, who is a “committer”?

In open source jargon, is a "committer" someone who creates a commit that gets accepted into a project, or is a "committer" a gatekeeper who decides what commits/patches are or aren't accepted into ...
6
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1answer
536 views

Are “wrapper” and “shim” synonymous?

Are the words "wrapper" and "shim" more or less synonymous, or is there a distinction, perhaps connotative?
6
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2answers
583 views

Why “OOP” and not simply “Object Programming”?

Why do we say "Object-oriented programming" and not simply "Object programming"? Why do we speak of orientation in just this case, and not "Functionally-oriented programming" and so?
6
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1answer
282 views

Term for a Class with Multiple Interfaces

Say I have a class that implements multiple interfaces. I pass the same instance around using a different interface, depending on what the consumer is interested in. I am trying to remember what this ...
6
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2answers
198 views

Is there a difference between the terms “Open Source” and “Open Source Software”?

Until today, I have always used the terms open source and open source software interchangeably. But then I read Phil Haack's blog post in which he suggests that the two terms are not necessarily ...
6
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4answers
10k views

What is the difference between a software process model and software engineering methods (methodology)?

I'm an academic guy, who is now venturing into the software engineering world, puzzled by the fact that many terms seem to overlap each other. I'm reading some books and cannot quite ...
6
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2answers
504 views

Who decided on the terminology downcasting and upcasting?

As far as I know, the terminology comes from how the inheritance hierarchy is traditionally displayed, with the extending types at the bottom, and the parent types at the top. This is a bit ...
6
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1answer
267 views

Is there a well grounded theory on backward and forward compatibility of formats, languages, grammars and vocabularies?

I have a friend who has the specific problem of building a case against the use of a custom HTML <wrapper> tag in some site's markup. Now, intuitively we can answer that use of such a tag is ...
6
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1answer
110 views

Collective term for shaking device and using accelerometer of a device

Does anyone know what the collective term for shaking a device to achieve something or using the accelerometer of a device to do something is? Is it haptic technology?
6
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1answer
609 views

Terminology: Really Delete vs set IsDeleted (“soft delete”) flag

I have a site where a regular user can delete records, where what happens is that an IsDeleted flag gets set. On administrative pages, a privileged user can delete records where an actual SQL DELETE ...
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5answers
1k views

What is the difference between “recursion” and “self-reference”?

The wikipedia articles are too advanced for me to understand, could someone give me a simple explanation please?
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6answers
415 views

What kind of bug is this? [closed]

My application has 3 shipping methods, the cheapest of which is free. The free shipping option is only available for orders totaling over $100. As soon as I built it, I thought of a way a user could ...
5
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3answers
465 views

Is there a phrase or word to describe an algorithim or program is complete in that given any value for its arguments there is a defined outcome?

Is there a phrase or word to describe an algorithim or programme is complete in that given any value for its arguments there is a defined outcome? i.e. all the ramifications have been considered ...
5
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7answers
7k views

What's the difference between the terms “protocol” and “standard”?

I find the term "protocol" confusing (in the terms of computer science that is). If the protocol is just a set of rules, wouldn't it be easier if we used the term "standard" instead (like in "HTTP ...
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5answers
377 views

How to talk about anonymous methods/lambdas

I realised the other day that I don't know how to talk about anonymous methods. It's easy enough to talk about named methods (The X method takes a Y1, Y2 and Y3) and classes (The X class has A, B and ...
5
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3answers
327 views

Is “frontend” generic term or it is used only in web design?

When I read about frontends, it always mentiones webpages. Can it be used in different contexts, e.g. desktop applications?
5
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5answers
407 views

Adding quirks from an old system to a new system because that's what people are used to - a term for this?

Is there a term for the above? When building a new system developers are sometimes instructed (that is a different issue) to "keep things as they are", regardless of how inefficient or unusable they ...
5
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3answers
259 views

What are technologies like XML, JSON, and YAML classified under? [closed]

What are technologies like XML, JSON, and YAML classified as? I already looked at Query Language Data-structured Language But neither appeared accurate... None of them are really meant for ...
5
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3answers
522 views

Where does the term “Front End” come from?

Where does the term "front-end" come from? Is there a particular presentation/talk/job-posting which is regarded as the first use of the term? Is someone credited with coining the term? The ...
5
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3answers
435 views

Is there a specific term for an accessor method that returns a boolean value?

I seem to recall that there is a specific term for an accessor method that returns a Boolean value but it escapes me. For example: typical methods such as: class Example { bool isDirty(); ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Static methods or static functions?

I was just reading http://stackoverflow.com/questions/155609/what-is-the-difference-between-a-method-and-a-function and all of a sudden, the thing came to my mind was the static methods. As static ...
5
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2answers
399 views

What term is used to describe running frequent batch jobs to emulate near real time

Suppose users of application A want to see the data updated by application B as frequently as possible. Unfortunately app A or app B cannot use message queues, and they cannot share a database. So ...
5
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6answers
422 views

What is the *correct* term for a program that makes use of multiple hardware processor cores?

I want to say that my program is capable of splitting some work across multiple CPU cores on a single system. What is the simple term for this? It's not multi-threaded, because that doesn't ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between an architecture and a framework [closed]

A terminology question appeared when I was comparing EJB 3 and Spring. Wikipedia says that Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is a managed, server-side component architecture for modular construction ...
5
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3answers
272 views

What does “extreme” in “extreme programming” (XP) refers to?

"Extreme" suggests that it has very different from normal, very aggressive, exceeding limits, but in my opinion regular releases, pair programming, unit testing, collaboration with customers are quite ...
5
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3answers
744 views

What are the names for various forms of camel-case style naming?

For the purposes of communicating coding styles to my co-workers, what would I formally call the following variants of camel case? camelCase and CamelCase Notice that the former version ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

What to call pure JavaScript standalone (web)apps for which I've not written any server side code? [closed]

I've been writing a few tools as standalone webapps for which I have written no server side code and it strikes me that I'm not sure what people call such things. I like them because they can be ...
5
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4answers
295 views

Why does “charset” really mean “encoding” in common usage?

Something that has long confused me is that so much software uses the terms "charset" and "encoding" as synonyms. When people refer to a unicode "encoding", they always mean a ruleset for ...
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4answers
460 views

Does profiling without benchmarking lead to micro-optimization?

Read first: For a definition of the two terms ("profiling" and "benchmarking") and the need for distinguishing them, please read this answer to a previous question. I have to admit that until I saw ...
5
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3answers
418 views

How can I create and manage permissions more dynamically?

I want to implement a security system into my web-based Intranet application which allows security administrators to 'fine-tune' exactly what type of access a user/role has to an object. For example, ...
5
votes
1answer
936 views

What are the key terms rvalue and lvalue?

Many of the times my compiler shows errors like Lvalue or Rvalue Required. What are the Lvalues and Rvalues in C or any programming languages? Is a pointer constant a rvalue?