Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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36
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2answers
2k views

Where does the term “Red/Black Tree” come from?

A Red/Black Tree is one way to implement a balanced binary search tree. The principles behind how it works make sense to me, but the chosen colors don't. Why red and black, as opposed to any other ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of bootstrapping in software development?

In some articles and books that I read, I some time see the term 'Bootstrapping'. For example I see this sentence "Bootstrapping X.JS" in angular js document: ...
0
votes
2answers
11k views

Difference Between Software Development and Production?

In a typical SDLC there isn't much mention of the word production or development or the distinction between the two.These seem more of a real time , industrial driven concepts . I have come across ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What is the difference between Software Project Management Process and Software Development Process?

What is the difference between Software Project Management Process, and Software Development Process, or Software Life Cycle?
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Term to describe pre-canned objects for use in testing

I have forgotten the term for a class that provides pre-canned objects for use as test data. e.g. If I'm testing a payment module and I need credit card objects of different types, I might have a ...
7
votes
9answers
10k views

What's the difference between the terms “protocol” and “standard”?

I find the term "protocol" confusing (in the terms of computer science that is). If the protocol is just a set of rules, wouldn't it be easier if we used the term "standard" instead (like in "HTTP ...
3
votes
1answer
411 views

What is interaction oriented programming? [closed]

There is this new kid on the block called Interaction Oriented Programming (IOP). Can somebody explain how it works? How does it compare to object oriented programming? Will this replace object ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What does Uncle Bob mean by 'noun phrase names'?

I am reading Clean Code by Uncle Bob. Because I am not a native-English speaker, I couldn't understand following statement: Classes and objects should have noun or noun phrase names like ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is an Activation object in JavaScript?

In a given execution context, the Variable object is the Activation object of that execution context. From my research online, I am able to find the previous sentence rephrased in different ways ...
28
votes
1answer
883 views

What is the term for an anonymous JavaScript function that's called immediately?

I'm writing a JavaScript style-guide for my team, so that we can organise and contribute our documents easier. But I've hit a small bump which is where my question applies... What am I supposed to ...
-1
votes
1answer
172 views

Why is 'continue' the keyword for skipping the rest of the loop iteration? [closed]

Many programming languages contain a 'continue'-keyword, which is used to skip the rest of a loop body. I've always felt like this was a misnomer, since IMO the term 'continue' in real life refers to ...
3
votes
3answers
59 views

Interface extends or implements an interface [closed]

When this happens: interface I1 { ... } interface I2 : I1 { ... } Is it more correct to say that I2 implements I1 or that I2 extends I1? When a class does this to an interface, we say it ...
31
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of “doesn't compose”?

I see a lot of texts, especially functional programming texts, claim that certain CS concepts "don't compose". Examples are: locks don't compose, monads don't compose. I've been having a hard time ...
4
votes
4answers
369 views

Why is code sometimes called “listings”?

When reading Programmers at Work (by Susan Lammers), they often refer to code as "listings". Why is that?
37
votes
5answers
3k views

Why do we use the word “sprint”?

One of the founding principles of the Agile Manifesto is Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace ...
1
vote
3answers
266 views

Difference between hotfix and bugfix? [closed]

I know this is a very basic question but I cant seem to find the answer with Google. What is the difference between a hotfix and a bugfix?
0
votes
4answers
387 views

Why design pattern is not named as implementation pattern?

I find that most of the design patterns are concerned with implementation of a model like mvc, or how to change the implementation with less cost. These are all happened in the implementation phase of ...
69
votes
6answers
70k views

What's the difference between simulation and emulation

I frequently see Simulation and Emulation in computer science. These two terms seem synonymous. Is there any difference between Simulation and Emulation?
24
votes
10answers
40k views

Relationship between user story, feature, and epic?

As someone whose still new to agile, I'm not sure I completely understand the relationship or difference between a user story, feature, and epic. According to this question, a feature is a collection ...
2
votes
4answers
369 views

what is the difference between overengineering, underengineering and rightengineering? [closed]

What is the difference between over-engineering, under-engineering and right-engineering at coding/design perspective? I found over-engineering: Coding too much like doing future requirement code ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

What is the best way to remember a successful execution over several program calls?

I'm working on a build process, that is called manually over the command line. To check if it exited unsuccessfully during the build I want to set a lock file (symbolic link) and remove it on ...
5
votes
3answers
278 views

Is continuous integration more than just automatically testing code?

Is continuous integration about more than just automatically testing code, either periodically or after every commit to the main repository? Before today, I'd heard the term CI, and about CI services ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

What is the middleware (if any) in web-service consumed by a website?

I am trying to identify the parts of an architecture. The server (Python) acts as a web-service, delivering files and data. The client (JS) requests the data which it needs by sending xmlhttprequests ...
3
votes
4answers
10k views

What exactly are SDLC and OOP?

I have been asked "What are SDLC and OOP?" many times in job interviews but I am still not sure how to answer this question. I am a web developer for quite some time but I still have problem with ...
15
votes
5answers
17k views

The difference between “concurrent” and “parallel” execution?

What is the difference between the terms concurrent and parallel execution? I've never quite been able to grasp the distinction. The tag defines concurrency as a manner of running two processes ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Recursion, iteration, and …? [closed]

Here are three common code structures that apply a function multiple times: foo(x) { if basecase(x) return k else return foo(g(x)) } uses recursion. for i in 0..10 { n *= bar(i) } uses ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the different meanings of 'fixture'?

I have some difficulty understanding the concept of "fixture". I know what a test suite is, a test case, a test run, but what exactly is a "fixture"? A parameterized test case? It seems to me that ...
3
votes
5answers
227 views

Term for Performance Issues Due to Looping [closed]

Is there a term for performance issues caused by someone creates a loop that performs hundreds or thousands of actions that could have been done in bulk? My example is that I keep running into loops ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

XQL vs. XQuery vs.

I am studying some standards and tools for XML, but I confused with some terms and standards and their differences What is XQL? It seems the same as XQuery and somehow even similar to XPath? Are XQL ...
10
votes
9answers
888 views

Is it appropriate in a developer's job description to have “error free” as a key output? [closed]

As part of a review of all job descriptions, my company has decided to include the following as a key output: website development completed on time, within specification and error free Given ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

What should you bring to the table as a Software Architect? [closed]

There have been many questions with good answers about the role of a Software Architect (SA) on StackOverflow and Programmers SE. I am trying to ask a slightly more focused question than those. The ...
11
votes
1answer
459 views

What is a development stack?

I am just now in the process of looking for jobs as I am about to graduate from college. An interviewer asked me what my current 'development stack' is? I know this is probably a really basic ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What's the difference between a “developer” and a “developer-analyst”? [closed]

At larger companies there seems to be a distinction between the two positions. How exactly do they differ?
4
votes
3answers
419 views

What is “Scalable Integrated Systems”? [closed]

I've come across a job posting that asks for experience with "Scalable Integrated Systems", but honestly that sounds like "generic buzzword," and I'm trying to figure out what the actual work behind ...
7
votes
6answers
3k views

What is the difference between an engineer and a product manager?

It seems nowadays all the develop teams have both software engineers and product manager. I am a newbie to the software industry and I wonder what is the difference? Is it necessary for a Product ...
1
vote
2answers
375 views

What is the process of planning software called? Or what is the job title of someone who does software planning?

What is the process of planning software called? For example, let's say a non-technical person comes to me with their rough initial specification. And I sit down with them over a couple weeks and ...
77
votes
14answers
70k views

How is a “Software Developer” different from a “Software Consultant”? What makes a consultant?

I have seen a lot of people claiming themselves to be a "software consultant". These consultants do what a normal software developer does, write code, estimate tasks, fix bugs and attend meetings etc. ...
2
votes
7answers
358 views

Vocabulary: Should I call this apply or map? [closed]

So, I'm tasked with organizing the code and building a library with all the common code among our products. One thing that seems to happen all the time and I wanted to abstract is posted below in ...
3
votes
3answers
367 views

In Objective C, what English words can I conceptually associate to the symbols?

I'm learning Objective C (from a C# background) and am having difficulty understanding the unusual method signatures and am looking for a shortcut to make the learning curve less steep. When reading ...
14
votes
12answers
12k views

What defines robust code?

My professor keeps referring to this Java example when he speaks of "robust" code: if (var == true) { ... } else if (var == false) { ... } else { ... } He claims that "robust code" ...
20
votes
12answers
43k views

What's the difference between computer science and programming?

I'm new at computer science and programming, and I was wondering, is there a difference between computer science and programming? and do you get to choose to study only one of them at the university, ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

“Control enters method a” What does control mean in this context?

From this page (Java Monitors Are Reentrant) there's a sentence that says: Reentrant contains two synchronized methods: a and b. The first synchronized method, a, calls the other synchronized ...
21
votes
9answers
51k views
2
votes
1answer
3k views

What's the meaning of term context in programming

I was looking through some Objective C docs.. and got this : UIGraphicsBeginImageContext : Creates a bitmap-based graphics context and makes it the current context. Also, the same term is ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Every function is a closure?

Wikipedia says, that closure - is a function, which has an access to variables, declared outside of the function. There is even an example: function startAt(x) function incrementBy(y) ...
13
votes
5answers
8k views
0
votes
3answers
221 views

What is the difference of smoke testing and black-box testing?

Main theme of my question is about the differences of Smoke Testing and other types of software testing specially Black-box testing but also I'm very curoius to know what is the purpose of this ...
14
votes
8answers
9k views

Feature vs. Function [closed]

Often I hear PMs (Project Managers) talk about feature and function. And I'm just so puzzled to differentiate them. Sometimes I think of a feature to be equivalent to a user story. Something like "As ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Is there a standard terminology for a class that actually does all the heavy work to create a dumb (immutable) related class?

Say that creating/calculating all the properties of fruit needs a lot of logic, and you just want to have a very simple immutable POCO object in the end. So i.e. it doesn't have any methods, making ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an anti pattern for historically grown software? [closed]

Is there an anti pattern that describes a historically grown software system where multiple developers just added new features to the system but no one really kept an eye on the overall architecture ...