Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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11
votes
5answers
19k views

What does 'Nightly Builds' mean?

I have been using open source projects for a while and been developing upon the open source applications and every so often I come across the words 'Nightly Build' and I have always been curious as to ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

When did the term “snake case” come into use? [closed]

Many people use the term Snake Case to describe variables or other symbols with_the_form_of_underscores. In the past week, I've launched several broad searches. I can't find anything about the origin ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Every function is a closure?

Wikipedia says, that closure - is a function, which has an access to variables, declared outside of the function. There is even an example: function startAt(x) function incrementBy(y) ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Control (avoid) changing fields with side-effects

I have been thinking about a design problem and possible solutions in my own. I am pretty sure I am not the first one to have noticed it, but I cannot google for it since I do not know the standard ...
6
votes
4answers
10k views

What is the difference between a software process model and software engineering methods (methodology)?

I'm an academic guy, who is now venturing into the software engineering world, puzzled by the fact that many terms seem to overlap each other. I'm reading some books and cannot quite ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

What is meant by the term 'System requirement' and how does that relate to 'Functional requirement'?

What is the difference between a Functional Requirement and a System Requirement? As I know, the term 'Functional requirement' refers to a requirement which describes a function that needs to be ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

What is the term (“metric”) for the degree of unstructuredness due to many changes? [closed]

Is there a specific term (name of a "metric") that represents the growing level of unstructuredness (or just plain badness) of a s/w component that is caused by too many changes, by too many people, ...
1
vote
3answers
538 views

Are VB.NET to C# converters actually compilers?

Whenever I see programs or scripts that convert between high-level programming languages they are always labelled as converters. "VB.NET to C# converter" on Google results in expected, useful hits. ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Correct definition of “bandwidth preserving algorithms” in real-time scheduling?

I've seen conflicting definitions for the term "bandwidth preserving algorithms". The two definitions I've seen are: Any spare CPU capacity is used for aperiodic processes. One or more periodic ...
5
votes
5answers
406 views

Adding quirks from an old system to a new system because that's what people are used to - a term for this?

Is there a term for the above? When building a new system developers are sometimes instructed (that is a different issue) to "keep things as they are", regardless of how inefficient or unusable they ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

What is the name of a type that is defined from a template?

To give a complete example, let's say I have a template class that I now use to generate a type definition: template <typename T> struct A {}; using X = // I'm not asking about this ...
53
votes
7answers
43k views

What's the difference between simulation and emulation

I frequently see Simulation and Emulation in computer science. These two terms seem synonymous. Is there any difference between Simulation and Emulation?
9
votes
3answers
12k views

What are binaries? [closed]

I see very often people using term binaries in different context. What are binaries? Collection on binary files, installation files, .dll files or what? Or is it just an general term for some ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

I/O bound or CPU-bound

I have a telephony application, there is a windows service(third party product) running on a remote server. The application runs against the server. To connect the server, we have the code. public ...
1
vote
3answers
92 views

How to name a function type that is called by an event, but doesn't handle the event? [closed]

How would one name a function type called by a certain event? Instances of this function type would get called when a certain key is pressed. It isn't strictly an event handler type, because it ...
5
votes
0answers
99 views

When we say a monad 'encapsulates a computation' - is this just saying 'wraps a functional transformation of data'?

When I think of the word 'computation' - my mind jumps to lambda calculus or operations on a state machine representing a CPU. It is quite a broad definition. Now some people talk about monads as ...
-3
votes
2answers
104 views

Is a web application only something that has a UI that runs in the browser? [closed]

Consider an application that relies heavily on the internet. It constantly talks to a remote server. However it's UI is a desktop program that doesn't live in a browser. Would you consider such a ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Are CRUD operations intended to be used with collections?

CRUD operations, by definition are... interfaces that permit users to create, remove, modify or retrieve data Implementations of CRUD interfaces can come in various shapes and sometimes they are ...
2
votes
3answers
104 views

Is there a name for the technique of converting method parameters into a unified form to simplify further processing? [closed]

When working with methods which accept a parameter in various forms (e.g. nil, a single string, a single string containing multiple data or an array of strings) I tend to unify them - splitting, ...
5
votes
4answers
290 views

Why does “charset” really mean “encoding” in common usage?

Something that has long confused me is that so much software uses the terms "charset" and "encoding" as synonyms. When people refer to a unicode "encoding", they always mean a ruleset for ...
-1
votes
2answers
117 views

Is 'lazy' the correct term for timestamp-based skipping? [closed]

(1) The oldmakeutility looks at timestamps, and if the output is newer than the input, it skips (pointless, time-consuming) re-compilation of e.g. C files. The same is true for many languages and ...
-1
votes
2answers
129 views

What is meant by “code rot”? [duplicate]

Please say that 'code rots' if you don't clean it. What does that mean? Obviously code is text, not an organism that can change itself. So why does code 'rot' if you don't touch it? What makes it ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

What is meant by an HTML5 application? [closed]

Since HTML5 is still only a markup language, what is meant when people say "HTML5 application"? Please explain.
-7
votes
3answers
124 views

What's the list of how to precisely talk about problems in C++ code within the spec? [closed]

The C++ specification leaves a lot of leeway such that when you write bad code, compiler authors are not responsible for defining a specific mode of failure. We know of course that is Undefined ...
18
votes
11answers
32k views
22
votes
5answers
1k views

What specifically does expressive power refer to?

Expressive Power is defined by Wikipedia as: .. the breadth of ideas that can be represented and communicated in that language. Does "ideas" refer to the things (operations, structures, ...
75
votes
13answers
17k views

What's the difference between an API and an SDK?

I was looking through various APIs and SDKs, when I realized that I couldn't really tell the difference between something called an API and something called an SDK. Both of them are, conceptually, a ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Help identify terminology for pattern substituion? [closed]

This is a badly titled question...maybe a moderator can make it better. Nearly two decades ago, I took a computer graphics class as an undergraduate. We got to do whatever we wanted for a final ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Checking negative of a condition

What is the (slightly pejorative) term for checking the negative of a condition (rather than the positive which is often more readable): e.g. if(!someVar) { return null; } else { return ...
17
votes
1answer
697 views

Where did the notion of 'calling' a function come from?

I've always wondered why one calls a function as opposed to, for example, executing it. A Google search for function call etymology and similar terms turns up nothing useful, Wikipedia doesn't ...
27
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the origin of the negative term “legacy code”

Everyone talks about legacy code in software development and I have heard the term over the last ten years used to paint any codebase as being bad. Where did this term, which has such powerful ...
-2
votes
1answer
109 views

What are the difference between: agent, actor, dataflow based programming? [closed]

What are the difference between the following terms? agent-based programming agent-based programming with microagents actor-based programming actor-based programming with lightweight actors dataflow ...
0
votes
3answers
379 views

What is the general definition of something that can be included or excluded? [closed]

When an application presents a user with a list of items, it's pretty common that it permits the user to filter the items. Often a 'filter' feature is implemented as a set of include or exclude rules. ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

What's a “Polymorphic method”?

Sometimes people use the phrase "Polymorphic method/function". Does it mean: A method that takes a Polymorphic type as a parameter, and performs some operation on it. By "Polymorphic type" I mean a ...
12
votes
8answers
915 views

Are there examples of non CRUD approaches?

I'm a programmer but also have worked as an archivist. As archivist it's a lot about keeping data. I often get into arguments with colleagues when it comes to operations on data. I don't like the U ...
40
votes
6answers
19k views

Method vs Function vs Procedure

Simple question, but I often hear these three terms defined with such ferocity, but which have been known to me to mean different things over the years. What are the "correct" definitions of ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

What do you call a problem caused by a design flaw [closed]

Is there any terminology for a problem that is caused by a previous wrong decision? For example you build your own framework, with a flawed MVC design. This in turn leads to weird situations when ...
-3
votes
3answers
140 views

What is the verb for “to make something into a plugin”? [closed]

What is the verb for "to make something into a plugin"? Example use: "Developer can you make Module Foo into a plugin?". "Yes sir, I can some verb Module Foo". Terms I have considered: pluginify, ...
1
vote
2answers
245 views

Describe business logic with diagrams

I am currently developing a web application for my thesis.I was asked by my professor to make diagrams to describe the business logic. Since I don't have a prior experience, I am pretty confused with ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the Controller in Django MVC?

Learning Django MVC and the way I thought of it is: Models are the database tables represented in Django as Python classes. Views are the HTML returned from function in views.py. Controllers are the ...
0
votes
3answers
263 views

Does the pattern of passing in one object instead of many parameters to a constructor have a name?

If you have a constructor that takes a lot of parameters, like this: public OrgUnitsHalRepresentation(List<OrgUnitSummaryHalRepresentation> orgUnitSummaryHalRepresentationList, int count, ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Showing the structure of the program (menu) as a tree - does it a have name?

In my thesis, I want to show the structure of the program, like this: > Menu --- Settings ---- Audio ---- ... > ---- Video > > --- Perform ---- Calculation ...
5
votes
2answers
395 views

What term is used to describe running frequent batch jobs to emulate near real time

Suppose users of application A want to see the data updated by application B as frequently as possible. Unfortunately app A or app B cannot use message queues, and they cannot share a database. So ...
67
votes
4answers
16k views

IPv4 to IPv6. where is IPv5?

As all of us know that after IPv4 it came IPv6. How this transition happened? I just want to know was there any IPv5 also? or there is any other logic in naming this version of IP as IPv6?
3
votes
1answer
320 views

Is there a term for this coding practice?

One of the incidental complexities of introducing features to an existing system is that the programmer often has to touch several areas of code that are not immediately adjacent. Over the long haul ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Terminology: queue versus fifo

When referring to or documenting a typical lock-free circular data structure (or class or object) used to communicate between arbitrarily long asynchronous threads or processors: "queue", "fifo" or ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Are the required parameters of a function called dependencies?

I'm studying dependency injection and I want to know if required function parameters can be considered dependencies. I'd just like to make sure before I go around referring to them dependencies and ...
12
votes
2answers
734 views

Where does the the term “feature creep” come from?

There is a decent Wikipedia article on the "Feature Creep", but it doesn't state an origin. A Google search only leads to some vague article claiming "Earl Rich" coined the term, but there isn't much ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between DevOps and Software Configuration Management

What is the difference between Development Operations and Software Configuration Management? For me it seems to be the same as long as both DevOps and Software Configuration Management are focused ...
0
votes
2answers
268 views

Why is it called a memory leak?

I am a hobbyist programmer, bit of a stickler for terminology, currently learning C and recently came across the concept of Memory Leak. Now, I do understand what it means. Dynamic memory allocated to ...