Questions about the objective meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that programmers encounter

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0
votes
3answers
135 views

Difference between hotfix and bugfix?

I know this is a very basic question but I cant seem to find the answer with Google. What is the difference between a hotfix and a bugfix?
0
votes
4answers
364 views

Why design pattern is not named as implementation pattern?

I find that most of the design patterns are concerned with implementation of a model like mvc, or how to change the implementation with less cost. These are all happened in the implementation phase of ...
65
votes
6answers
64k views

What's the difference between simulation and emulation

I frequently see Simulation and Emulation in computer science. These two terms seem synonymous. Is there any difference between Simulation and Emulation?
19
votes
10answers
34k views

Relationship between user story, feature, and epic?

As someone whose still new to agile, I'm not sure I completely understand the relationship or difference between a user story, feature, and epic. According to this question, a feature is a collection ...
2
votes
4answers
339 views

what is the difference between overengineering, underengineering and rightengineering? [closed]

What is the difference between over-engineering, under-engineering and right-engineering at coding/design perspective? I found over-engineering: Coding too much like doing future requirement code ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

What is the best way to remember a successful execution over several program calls?

I'm working on a build process, that is called manually over the command line. To check if it exited unsuccessfully during the build I want to set a lock file (symbolic link) and remove it on ...
5
votes
3answers
242 views

Is continuous integration more than just automatically testing code?

Is continuous integration about more than just automatically testing code, either periodically or after every commit to the main repository? Before today, I'd heard the term CI, and about CI services ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

What is the middleware (if any) in web-service consumed by a website?

I am trying to identify the parts of an architecture. The server (Python) acts as a web-service, delivering files and data. The client (JS) requests the data which it needs by sending xmlhttprequests ...
3
votes
4answers
10k views

What exactly are SDLC and OOP?

I have been asked "What are SDLC and OOP?" many times in job interviews but I am still not sure how to answer this question. I am a web developer for quite some time but I still have problem with ...
13
votes
5answers
15k views

The difference between “concurrent” and “parallel” execution?

What is the difference between the terms concurrent and parallel execution? I've never quite been able to grasp the distinction. The tag defines concurrency as a manner of running two processes ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Recursion, iteration, and …? [closed]

Here are three common code structures that apply a function multiple times: foo(x) { if basecase(x) return k else return foo(g(x)) } uses recursion. for i in 0..10 { n *= bar(i) } uses ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Why is an application called an application? [migrated]

Sometimes it's nice to know where the words we use everyday as programmers actually come from. For example, I can explain how a computer screen relates to a flat material onto which diaporamas used to ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the different meanings of 'fixture'?

I have some difficulty understanding the concept of "fixture". I know what a test suite is, a test case, a test run, but what exactly is a "fixture"? A parameterized test case? It seems to me that ...
37
votes
4answers
3k views

Why do we use the word “sprint”?

One of the founding principles of the Agile Manifesto is Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace ...
3
votes
5answers
225 views

Term for Performance Issues Due to Looping [closed]

Is there a term for performance issues caused by someone creates a loop that performs hundreds or thousands of actions that could have been done in bulk? My example is that I keep running into loops ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

XQL vs. XQuery vs.

I am studying some standards and tools for XML, but I confused with some terms and standards and their differences What is XQL? It seems the same as XQuery and somehow even similar to XPath? Are XQL ...
-3
votes
1answer
48 views

Can I use these terms “patch”, “update”, “commit” interchangeably?

These terms in general describe changes made to software, but can I use them interchangeably? For example, "patch" seems to refer to fixing/repairing related changes. However, I've also seen people ...
10
votes
9answers
878 views

Is it appropriate in a developer's job description to have “error free” as a key output? [closed]

As part of a review of all job descriptions, my company has decided to include the following as a key output: website development completed on time, within specification and error free Given ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

What should you bring to the table as a Software Architect? [closed]

There have been many questions with good answers about the role of a Software Architect (SA) on StackOverflow and Programmers SE. I am trying to ask a slightly more focused question than those. The ...
11
votes
1answer
432 views

What is a development stack?

I am just now in the process of looking for jobs as I am about to graduate from college. An interviewer asked me what my current 'development stack' is? I know this is probably a really basic ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

What's the difference between a “developer” and a “developer-analyst”? [closed]

At larger companies there seems to be a distinction between the two positions. How exactly do they differ?
4
votes
3answers
405 views

What is “Scalable Integrated Systems”? [closed]

I've come across a job posting that asks for experience with "Scalable Integrated Systems", but honestly that sounds like "generic buzzword," and I'm trying to figure out what the actual work behind ...
6
votes
6answers
3k views

What is the difference between an engineer and a product manager?

It seems nowadays all the develop teams have both software engineers and product manager. I am a newbie to the software industry and I wonder what is the difference? Is it necessary for a Product ...
1
vote
2answers
362 views

What is the process of planning software called? Or what is the job title of someone who does software planning?

What is the process of planning software called? For example, let's say a non-technical person comes to me with their rough initial specification. And I sit down with them over a couple weeks and ...
74
votes
14answers
66k views

How is a “Software Developer” different from a “Software Consultant”? What makes a consultant?

I have seen a lot of people claiming themselves to be a "software consultant". These consultants do what a normal software developer does, write code, estimate tasks, fix bugs and attend meetings etc. ...
3
votes
7answers
352 views

Vocabulary: Should I call this apply or map?

So, I'm tasked with organizing the code and building a library with all the common code among our products. One thing that seems to happen all the time and I wanted to abstract is posted below in ...
3
votes
3answers
358 views

In Objective C, what English words can I conceptually associate to the symbols?

I'm learning Objective C (from a C# background) and am having difficulty understanding the unusual method signatures and am looking for a shortcut to make the learning curve less steep. When reading ...
14
votes
12answers
12k views

What defines robust code?

My professor keeps referring to this Java example when he speaks of "robust" code: if (var == true) { ... } else if (var == false) { ... } else { ... } He claims that "robust code" ...
16
votes
12answers
38k views

What's the difference between computer science and programming?

I'm new at computer science and programming, and I was wondering, is there a difference between computer science and programming? and do you get to choose to study only one of them at the university, ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

“Control enters method a” What does control mean in this context?

From this page (Java Monitors Are Reentrant) there's a sentence that says: Reentrant contains two synchronized methods: a and b. The first synchronized method, a, calls the other synchronized ...
20
votes
9answers
46k views
2
votes
1answer
3k views

What's the meaning of term context in programming

I was looking through some Objective C docs.. and got this : UIGraphicsBeginImageContext : Creates a bitmap-based graphics context and makes it the current context. Also, the same term is ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Every function is a closure?

Wikipedia says, that closure - is a function, which has an access to variables, declared outside of the function. There is even an example: function startAt(x) function incrementBy(y) ...
13
votes
5answers
8k views
0
votes
3answers
169 views

What is the difference of smoke testing and black-box testing?

Main theme of my question is about the differences of Smoke Testing and other types of software testing specially Black-box testing but also I'm very curoius to know what is the purpose of this ...
14
votes
8answers
8k views

Feature vs. Function [closed]

Often I hear PMs (Project Managers) talk about feature and function. And I'm just so puzzled to differentiate them. Sometimes I think of a feature to be equivalent to a user story. Something like "As ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Is there a standard terminology for a class that actually does all the heavy work to create a dumb (immutable) related class?

Say that creating/calculating all the properties of fruit needs a lot of logic, and you just want to have a very simple immutable POCO object in the end. So i.e. it doesn't have any methods, making ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an anti pattern for historically grown software? [closed]

Is there an anti pattern that describes a historically grown software system where multiple developers just added new features to the system but no one really kept an eye on the overall architecture ...
14
votes
6answers
1k views

What to call an HTTP API that is not RESTful? [closed]

What would you call an API that is HTTP-based, uses URI to name resources and HTTP verbs (PUT, POST, DELETE, GET...) to manipulate those resources? According to Roy Fielding's complaints it is not ...
31
votes
12answers
17k views

What's the difference between a “developer” and a “programmer”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What are the key differences between software engineers and programmers? What is the difference between software engineer and software developer? What's the difference ...
3
votes
1answer
618 views

Difference between trigger, handler and callback

It's current to see the terms callback, trigger and handler in some API documentations. It is just synonymous or each term correspond to a specific concept? I used to think that this terms are just ...
1
vote
2answers
149 views

In C, what is an unconditional jump?

I have to fill out some documentation regarding a C project i worked on. One topic is whether I used "unconditional jumps". As far as I know, a "break" statement counts as a jump. And I have a few of ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Difference between DevOps and Software Configuration Management

What is the difference between Development Operations and Software Configuration Management? For me it seems to be the same as long as both DevOps and Software Configuration Management are focused ...
0
votes
2answers
158 views

What is a formal definition for an algorithm step?

Consider the following code to find the K th minimum element of an array: FindKthMin(A[], k) { A = Sort(A); return A[k]; } Could it be an algorithm without specifying the sort details? ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Is there a term for data being written not being immediately available to be read?

Here is a problem I've repeatedly observed over the years: a thread writes to something (database record, LDAP entry, etc.) very soon afterwards, the same thread tries to read the record it just ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

8085 assembly question. Why flag stacks named d0-d7?

I'm trying to make my C programming exciting by learning assembly programming. I've encountered an image of flag registers in 8085 assembly programming. In that image blocks are named from ...
5
votes
4answers
980 views

Is a programming language a set of programs or a set of instructions?

From Structured Computer Organization by Tanenbum A program is a sequence of instructions describing how to perform a certain task. When trying to see a programming language as a formal ...
3
votes
3answers
296 views

“Read user input”: Could it be a step of an algorithm?

Based on this definition of algorithm from Wikipedia: In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a self-contained step-by-step set of operations to be performed. Algorithms exist that ...
0
votes
3answers
107 views

What is the difference between a helper and a convenience function?

The title and the question are the same! The two seem the same to me: a convenience is a helper. A helper is a convenience. So when is it good to use the one or the other term?
8
votes
2answers
430 views

Why is the 'out' keyword used in two seemingly disparate contexts?

In C#, the out keyword can be used in two different ways. As a parameter modifier in which an argument is passed by reference class OutExample { static void Method(out int i) { i = ...