Theoretical question deal with topics that do not generally have immediate practical uses. Please be careful when using this tag: your question may be more appropriate for the Computer Science Stack Exchange site.

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Banning zero-argument functions — what problems could it cause in a hypothetical language?

I'm creating a programming language as a hobby, but I encountered a problem with designing its syntax. The problem is the conflict between the syntax for defining zero-argument functions and the ...
0
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1answer
48 views

CGI Scripts and Python / Ruby [closed]

I am new to web programming. Now unfortunately, I was a kid during the advent of the world wide web and didn't have access either. So now when I am just starting out, it feels like there's a myriad of ...
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6answers
641 views

performance versus reusability

How can I write functions that are reusable without sacrificing performance? I am repeatedly coming up against the situation where I want to write a function in a way that makes it reusable (e.g. it ...
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2answers
107 views

OOP (possibly Java-specific): Comprehensive Set of Method Categories [closed]

I am working on a coding convention to follow for my Java projects. I find it easier to find my way through a class when I group its methods by category. For example, rather than having each ...
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1answer
150 views

Hypothetical : What restrictions will I need to add to Java so that I can remove its GC? [closed]

This is a hypothetical, yet very technically precise question I'm trying to ask all the compiler/static analysis programmers. I'm trying to understand the extent of prohibitive features I would need ...
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2answers
143 views

Why is the “period of a (pseudo)random number generator” important?

I've been trying to understand (pseudo)random number generator code from various sources and the concept of the period continues to elude me. To satisfy the minimum level of understanding, I've tried ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Is Exploratory testing Context Driven testing?

I do not think so, yet many sources say it is. As I understand it: Context-driven testing means that when planning testing on our project, I choose the methods, practices, etc. in order to fit the ...
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3answers
126 views

Exposition of Data Representation

I would like to know how the data representation is exposed in slide 7 of information hiding: Modifying an exposed data representation propagates to all code which directly accesses that ...
1
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1answer
78 views

Transitions taking place in NFA

While studying about NFA and DFA in Compiler Design I couldn't get how they converted an regular expression to NFA as shown in NFA.I would like to know why there is an epsilon transition between (8 ...
0
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1answer
157 views

Significance of NFA in Compiler Design

While I was studying about Compiler Design it tells that we need 'finite automata' while designing a lexical analyzer like DFA or NFA. So I would like to know whether NFA is only used for conversion ...
0
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1answer
122 views

Real-time theory: how is period transformation implemented with delay requests?

To deal with transient overloads with a real-time system scheduled with rate-monotonic scheduling, one can use period transformation to reduce the period of important processes so that they have ...
4
votes
3answers
120 views

How message acknowledge deadlock problem is being solved in real world applications?

To my understanding message acknowledge deadlock problem is this: In order to sync value X between A and B A sends X to B A waits for B to send acknowledgment to A so it makes sure B has latest X B ...
57
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the purpose of a Code Review

I am in the process of trying to sell my organisation on the value of code reviews. I have worked at several places where they were employed. I have seen them used to nitpick styling choices, and ...
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2answers
228 views

How to measure algorithm accuracy?

I have a few optimization algorithms (for finding function minimum) and I'd like to check how good they are. Suppose I build test cases and compare the actual results to theoretical ones. What ...
2
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2answers
150 views

How can I make sense of the word “Functor” from a semantic standpoint? [closed]

When facing new programming jargon words, I first try to reason about them from an semantic and etymological standpoint when possible (that is, when they aren't obscure acronyms). For instance, you ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Mapping multiple differing taxonomies to each other

At work we have a varied number of websites selling second-hand products. The bosses have noticed that there's often some overlap between the products sold on some of the websites and would like to ...
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5answers
209 views

What defines the dimensionality of an array?

I know that when we speak about an array having 1, 2, or 4 dimensions, we mean arrays like this: 1: [0] 2: [0,0] 3: [0,0,0] 4: [0,0,0,0] ... Is the first 'axis' of an array the only thing that ...
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11answers
8k views

How does the “Fourth Dimension” work with arrays?

Abstract: So, as I understand it (although I have a very limited understanding), there are three dimensions that we (usually) work with physically: The 1st would be represented by a line. The 2nd ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

Is there a theory for “transactional” sequences of failing and no-fail actions?

My question is about writing transaction-like functions that execute sequences of actions, some of which may fail. It is related to the general C++ principle "destructors can't throw," no-fail ...
0
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2answers
51 views

Hashing + security as it pertains to a theoretical file sharing site

These days it's possible to hash a file client-side, send the hash to the server, and have the server check whether or not that file is already uploaded. If it is, we can skip the file upload and make ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Japanese Multiplication simulation - is a program actually capable of improving calculation speed?

I'd like to write a simulation of Japanese Multiplication to get benchmarks on large calculations utilizing the shortcut vs traditional CPU multiplication. I'm curious as to whether it makes sense to ...
6
votes
5answers
711 views

Theoretically bug-free programs

I have read lot of articles which state that code can't be bug-free, and they are talking about these theorems: Halting problem Gödel's incompleteness theorem Rice's theorem Actually Rice's ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Left and Right most Derivation

So i understand the semantics of derivations as far as Backus Naur Form goes. One thing I cannot find in any text book or the various lecturers' notes that are on-line is this. When would a right ...
3
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1answer
522 views

Epsilon Transitions in an NFA

I'm attempting to teach myself the basics of finite automata and have been exploring the differences between Deterministic Finite Automata and Non Deterministic Finite Automita. One thing that pops ...
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5answers
1k views

What negative consequences can arise from this language design rule?

Clarification: the rule is meant to prevent accessing variables that are not declared yet. Clarification 2: the rule mandates that the compiler follows calls to functions which are defined in the ...
0
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2answers
99 views

Could one sample be enough for a perceptron training?

I need to compare a picture and decide whether or not it is similar to another one. In this case, I would like to use a simple perceptron that compares pixelmaps of both pictures. But I have only very ...
17
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6answers
1k views

What is an example of a computationally impossible business problem?

I have coworker who refuses to accept the reality that Turing machines (and Von Neuman machines by extension) cannot solve their own halting problem stating: You can do anything with enough time ...
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1answer
308 views

Minimax in a bayesian game with multiple players who do not play in order

Premise: I know that such a game would be better solved by MCTS, however, from a theoretical point of view, would it be possible to apply minimax to a bayesian multiplayer game where the order of ...
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9answers
3k views

Why not expose a primary key

In my education I have been told that it is a flawed idea to expose actual primary keys (not only DB keys, but all primary accessors) to the user. I always thought it to be a security problem ...
0
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1answer
197 views

category theory based language

It may sound naive, but is there any programming language, or research thereof, based entirely on category theory? I mean this as opposed to embedding CT concepts as an additional feature (like for ...
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4answers
375 views

Are there any formalized/mathematical theories of software testing?

Googling "software testing theory" only seems to give theories in the soft sense of the word; I have not been able to find anything that would classify as a theory in the mathematical, information ...
1
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1answer
370 views

Operating systems theory — using minimum number of semaphores

This situation is prone to deadlock of processes in an operating system and I'd like to solve it with the minimum of semaphores. Basically there are three cooperating processes that all read data ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

Theory Of A Weird Thought - Forms Submission

In theory, if you were to open two computers that were perfectly synced together on a website that has a form. This form has fields where say for example the username has to be unique. Assuming both ...
4
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2answers
227 views

Is excessive indirection and/or redundant encapsulation a recognized concept? [closed]

I'm curious if there's a series of tendencies or anti-patterns when programming whereby a developer will always locally re-wrap external dependencies when consuming them. A slightly less vague ...
77
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11answers
7k views

How can I make sure that I'm actually learning how to program rather than simply learning the details of a language? [closed]

I often hear that a real programmer can easily learn any language within a week. Languages are just tools for getting things done, I'm told. Programming is the ultimate skill that must be learned and ...
0
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3answers
4k views

Why are algorithms and data structures important? [duplicate]

It seems like a lot of university-level computer science programs and programmer job interviews focus heavily on algorithms and data structures. I'm curious as to why universities and employers put so ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

Equivalence partitioning understanding A<5 and B<5

I do not understand the following example. It says that a function X will be executed if either of A and B variables will be lower than 5. The go on and explains that there are three valid equivalence ...
1
vote
1answer
429 views

Immutable Data Structure For Time Series Data

I'm wondering what the best data structure (for storing data on disk) is for storing immutable time-series data (99% of the data is truly immutable, the 1% is metadata that is separate from the ...
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5answers
342 views

What are some possible interactions between multiple bugs? [closed]

I was thinking about how two bugs could interact with one another. The only relationship I can think of is one bug being the cause of another. What other interactions between multiple defects are ...
5
votes
1answer
432 views

Subsumption architecture vs. perceptual control theory

I'm a new person to AI field and I have to research and compare two different architectures for a thesis I'm writing. Before you scream (homework thread), I've been reading on these two topics only ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Array Multiplication and Division

I came across a question that (eventually) landed me wondering about array arithmetic. I'm thinking specifically in Ruby, but I think the concepts are language independent. So, addition and ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Is context-driven testing suitable for all projects?

One thing I cannot find anywhere is: is this approach limited to non-critical software? Because in critical (or just when customer wants us to follow his rules) we have no freedom in testing and just ...
1
vote
1answer
315 views

“Generators are function derivatives”

I am reading this article on a new feature of ECMAscript 6, generators, that are landing in the V8 JavaScript interpreter. Not too far from the top, the author suggests an analogy: generators are ...
1
vote
1answer
264 views

Pairwise testing, not possible to say which combinations is faulty?

Let's say I have 4 (A,B,C,D) parameters with 3 possible values, also 81 unique combinations. With e.g. orthogonal array, I will end up with 9 test cases, each combining 3 pairs. But that means that if ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Which code is better for branch prediction optimization?

Given branch prediction, and also the effect of compiler optimizations, which code tends to offer superior performance? Note that bRareExceptionPresent represents an uncommon condition. It is not the ...
0
votes
2answers
288 views

How to use lists in equivalence partitioning?

I have read that equivalence partitioning can be used typically for intervals or lists, e.g. I assume it can be used for every set of inputs. Anyway if the requirement says that allowed colors are ...
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vote
2answers
192 views

What is the real point of an “oracle” in the SW testing?

I know the definition of an testing oracle but to me, it seems to be overrated. I have a specification, why should I bother with thinking about oracles? I just compare what the spec wants and what the ...
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vote
3answers
504 views

If functional testing is referred as black box..how can it be done on unit test level?

Preparing myself for ISTQB, I found a bit odd many things in their textbooks. E.g. they call black box testing as functional testing when you are not concerned with structured but only observe the ...
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2answers
807 views

Test case design - do for all positive tests exist also negative ones?

There is ambiguity in all papers I have read so I would like to ask about the following requirement: Requirement: Being a Game master, I can access the GM menu by typing "menuInvoke". Trying to do ...
6
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9answers
5k views

Negative test cases confusion

In the Software testing book from Koirala, Sheihk, they say: A positive test is when you put in a valid input and expect some action to be completed in accordance with the specification. A ...