Variable or scalar is a storage location paired with an associated symbolic name (an identifier), which contains some known or unknown quantity or information referred to as a value.

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42
votes
2answers
34k views

What does the term “Payload” mean in programming

I was going through the source code of an open source framework, where I saw a variable "payload" mentioned many times. Any ideas what "payload" stands for?
-1
votes
2answers
153 views

One Word for Functions, Variables, and Objects

Is there a single word that can describe JavaScript functions, variables, and objects? I was thinking "entities", but that word is usually used to describe the mapping between objects and a database. ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Why adding positive values in Java or C# sometimes result in a negative value?

I was playing around with variables in Java. public class Hello { public static void main(String[] args) { byte byteV = 127; short shortV = Short.MAX_VALUE; int intV = ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Recommended guidelines for declaring bash/sh variables

I have been programming in BASH for a while now and the scripts that I write are starting to get more complicated. I realized that I started to bring in some habits from C/C++ and wanted to get ...
0
votes
3answers
136 views

A few questions about initializing variables

I'm in an introductory programming class and we're only in lesson two, so try to keep terminology simple, ha. I'm a bit confused about when you need to and when you don't need to initialize a ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

Best datatype to store a ternary, or three-state variable

Disclaimer: I know that datatypes are a little bit subjective to which scripting/programming language you are using, I like to write in Python as a matter of preference; though I am happy to hear ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

Why Variables in Python Are Different from Other Programming Languages? [closed]

According to my understanding, a variable in Python is: A name that refers to a value stored in the computer memory, and it's like a label on a box. but in other programming languages it is: ...
47
votes
4answers
9k views

Why do so few languages with a variable-type 'operator' exist?

I mean it in this way: <?php $number1 = 5; // (Type 'Int') $operator1 = +; // (Type non-existent 'Operator') $number2 = 5; // (Type 'Int') $operator2 = *; // (Type non-...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

What is the impact of re-defining a dynamic type variable (such as in PHP)?

PHP variables are dynamic in type so I can do: $x = 'hello world!'; $x = strlen($x); Sometimes this is trivial and I could save many lines of code, but it reduces clarity. I'm using a text ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

How to compute whether it is guaranteed the variable is set?

Assuming declarations are expressions consider such code: if ((var x = foo()) and (var y = x)) or (var z = bar()) then println(z); end The reference to x is OK, because at this point x has to be ...
-4
votes
2answers
148 views

How to find all occurrences of a variable within a source code?

The title is pretty self-explanatory. I have a minified JavaScript code (100k+ lines) and would like to find all occurrences of a particular variable so I could rename it to better understand code. Is ...
1
vote
5answers
411 views

Why does Kotlin require type after variable, rather than before?

C, C++, C#, Java, as well as many other statically typed languages have the type before variable like (int a =5, auto c = 4, etc.). Non-statically typed languages (such as Javascript, basic) use var (...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Best practices for scientific variable naming?

What are some of the conventions you use when naming variables in mathematical/scientific code? I'm looking to establish a set of conventions for an upcoming project. So here's an example formula to ...
14
votes
12answers
10k views

What is the reason for using lowercase for the first word in a local variable (eg, employeeCount, firstName)

I take a good deal of criticism from other programmers due to my use of full proper casing for all my variables. For example, your typical programmer will use employeeCount for a variable name, but I ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Is there ever a reason to use variable variables in PHP rather than an array? [closed]

Is there any situation where an array is not suitable but a variable variable is? I cannot think of one or find one on any Stack Programmer Q&A. <?php $foo = array(); for($i = 0;$i < 3; $i+...
4
votes
8answers
679 views

One-use variables - has any language ever had them?

A principle that I follow is that, when an identifier is established, it should be a signal to the reader that the value referred to is indeed an abstraction which will be used more than once. That is,...
2
votes
2answers
219 views

Avoid This Pointer

PROBLEM: this points to different instances at different stages of execution (as it should). But it is not always obvious which instance is that. On the other hand we could minimize the use of this, ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

What is the use case for shadowing variables?

One of the things the coffeescript programming language is criticized for is its treatment of variable declarations and scope (example). The answers to this question (and the blog I linked to above) ...
-3
votes
3answers
105 views

Best way to handle variables used in a for loop? [duplicate]

From previous experience, I had always thought that, if you are going to use variables inside of a for loop, it was much better to declare them outside of the loop vs. inside the loop itself. I ...
-4
votes
2answers
76 views

Rationale for modern languages implement changeable global variables [closed]

Common sense seems to be that usage of global variables is bad, in particular if they are used as real variables (i.e. changing state; e.g. Why is Global State so Evil?). How does it come then, that ...
1
vote
3answers
10k views

Why am I seeing more boolean naming conventions where “is” is used as the first word in the variable (eg, IsUserAdmin vs UserIsAdmin)? [closed]

I think everyone will agree that the following boolean variable/property names are standard: UserIsAdmin OrdersAreClosed The important thing to note about boolean expressions is that they are ...
37
votes
9answers
3k views

Using compound statements (“{” … “}” blocks) to enforce variable locality [duplicate]

Introduction Many "C-like" programming languages use compound statements (code blocks specified with "{" and "}") to define a variables scope. Here is a simple example. for (int i = 0; i < 100; +...
38
votes
12answers
3k views

Intentional misspellings to avoid reserved words

I often see code that include intentional misspellings of common words that for better or worse have become reserved words: klass or clazz for class: Class clazz = ThisClass.class kount for count in ...
2
votes
1answer
286 views

What is internal state and is there a difference between state and internal state

Ok, this question has been asked before, but it's still not clear to me. What exactly is internal state? So far state is clear to me: Functions contain behavior, variables have state, values don't. ...
12
votes
3answers
5k views

Handling extremely large numbers in a language which can't?

I'm trying to think about how I would go about doing calculations on extremely large numbers (to infinitum - intergers no floats) if the language construct is incapable of handling numbers larger than ...
1
vote
2answers
368 views

Should I declare variables at the top of the function for reasons other than the scope rules?

In JavaScript, one should declare all variables at the beginning of the function to mitigate the risk of mistakes related to the fact that the scope of variables is a function. The following code ...
-3
votes
1answer
187 views

grouping variables into a system in C? [closed]

Within C, say I have a number of variables, floats, integers etc, is there a way that I can group them all into one object, lets call it a system, and then create N copies of such an object. Further, ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Dealing with data containing integer overflow, rollover

I am writing a small matlab function to analyze data from a laser probe. The data to be analyzed is basically: x-data: Position. y-data: Laser (light) intensity. ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Patterns for sharing context variables between functions

I am looking for ways of passing around a set of contextual variables that are required by functions. As a Python programmer, right now I can see three ways of solving the problem: passing them ...
4
votes
5answers
381 views

What was the reason for the creation of boolean variables?

I found out that some languages like C don't have support for boolean variables and programmers use integers with values of 0 and 1 instead. Is there any specific reason why some languages moved away ...
3
votes
2answers
560 views

Giving variables default values vs. treating accessing an undefined variable as an error

Having messed around with several scripting languages and being a bit of a linguist, there seems to be a way to divide dynamically typed languages into two groups: languages that give variables a ...
0
votes
2answers
132 views

The correct way of declaring & instantiating variables ( Javascript ) [duplicate]

I have seen other peoples code and each person has a different way of declaring variables. And I have been told by quite a few people that declaring variables in the Global Scope is wrong. My ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Best practices for tracking multiple pieces of data in a program

I have a project in C (don't ask why but it needs to be in C), where I need to track multiple pieces of data and commands for different modules. Some actions that the program will take depend on the ...
2
votes
4answers
365 views

Should I check parameter before using it in methods? [duplicate]

I'm going to build some public PHP packages, Following standards is a priority for me. PHP lets users call methods even if they don't pass required parameters to it. My question. Should I check ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the use of one-letter variables encouraged? [closed]

Is the use of one-letter variables encouraged in Java? In code snippets or tutorials, you often see them. I cannot imagine using them is encouraged because it makes the code relatively harder to read ...
-2
votes
1answer
129 views

How to name variables without plural in a for-each loop? [closed]

How do you name loop variables when the list item is named after something without a plural? For instance (in python): [x for x in sheep]. x is not a great name, but sheep have/has no plural that ...
7
votes
3answers
14k views

What is meant by Scope of a variable?

I think of the scope of a variable as - "The scope of a particular variable is the range within a program's source code in which that variable is recognized by the compiler". That statement is ...
2
votes
3answers
916 views

In C++, should I ever declare a local variable in the corresponding header?

So for example, I create a class with two functions: foo.h class foo { public: foo(); void bar(); void ey(); bool m_memberBool; bool localBool; // ??? Should I put this here? }; ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Python beginner question with Assigning Variables

Coming from C# and now getting my hands dirty with Python. From what I understand, Python is strongly typed: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/11328920/is-python-strongly-typed As stated in the ...
-1
votes
1answer
106 views

How to make variables inherent to an object or system [duplicate]

How can one make variables inherent to an object or system? For example, when creating a web browser, each option that is created for the user to have control over (i.e. how a window opens, if ...
2
votes
0answers
671 views

Var assignment in sequence diagram

I am trying to represent the function below (PHP function/Symfony2) as a sequence diagram using UML 2.0 and Visual Paradigm: private function getVeevaHcpSync($request, $action, $case) { ...
1
vote
5answers
740 views

Are there too many parameters in this constructor? [duplicate]

Check this out: public function __construct( \Magento\Framework\Model\Context $context, \Magento\Framework\View\DesignInterface $design, \Magento\Framework\Registry $registry, ...
8
votes
3answers
19k views

Naming conventions for instance, local and parameter variables [closed]

I was discussing with a senior developper coding conventions to apply to our projects (mainly Java/JEE projects). I disagreed with one convention he proposed: Instance variable names should start ...
0
votes
5answers
541 views

Is it bad form to use the same variable name in different scopes?

Say you have some basic code where similar operations will take place in nearby lexical scopes. Take for example some simple pseudo code: variable = "foo" # Do something with variable if (True) { ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the difference between a variable and a parameter? [closed]

Its a conceptual question. But I would like to use the right term at the right place. That is why I would like to read some other views on this.
8
votes
5answers
2k views

When would dynamic scoping be useful?

With dynamic scoping, a callee can access the variables of its caller. Pseudo C code: void foo() { print(x); } void bar() { int x = 42; foo(); } Since I have never programmed in a ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Python: Faster to use global variable or pass as arguments to a function? [duplicate]

Hey so i was wondering which is the more efficient way, or better practice to do in this situation. 1, def function(): global number number += 2 Or 2, def function(number): return ...
7
votes
2answers
632 views

What is best practice to handle whitespaces when letting the user edit the configuration, the name=value pairs?

For instance, you let the user define the notorious path variable. How do you interpret apppath = C:\Program Files\App? This looks like a programming language adopted practice to ignore the white ...
1
vote
3answers
250 views

Member variables vs. State Varaibels? Are they the same? [closed]

I am learning that member variables are to hold the state of an object? Is it their recommended usage? Are all member variables state variables too? or state variables have specific definition and ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Creating variables in methods/functions

In how far do we create variables in our methods or functions? Do we only create one when we're using the result of the variable more then one time like this? function someFunction(SomeClass $...