About

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a markup language similar to XML that is commonly used to create websites. It was created as an application of SGML, has been extended to create XHTML (eXtensible HTML). In modern web pages, HTML is used to markup the contents of the website, while CSS and Javascript are used to define the styles and behaviors respectively.

The HTML standards, as well as that for many other web technologies, is maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (the W3C). The current iteration of the language, HTML4, was introduced in 1997, while the next iteration, HTML5, is currently under active development jointly by the W3C and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG).

The language specification and standards documents are available online at http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-html401-19991224/

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